DJPEG(1)                                                 DJPEG(1)

       djpeg - decompress a JPEG file to an image file

       djpeg [ options ] [ filename ]

       djpeg  decompresses  the  named JPEG file, or the standard
       input if no file is named, and produces an image  file  on
       the  standard output.  PBMPLUS (PPM/PGM), BMP, GIF, Targa,
       or  RLE  (Utah  Raster  Toolkit)  output  format  can   be
       selected.   (RLE  is  supported only if the URT library is

       All  switch  names  may  be  abbreviated;   for   example,
       -grayscale  may  be  written  -gray  or  -gr.  Most of the
       "basic" switches can be abbreviated to as  little  as  one
       letter.  Upper and lower case are equivalent (thus -BMP is
       the same as -bmp).  British spellings  are  also  accepted
       (e.g.,  -greyscale), though for brevity these are not men-
       tioned below.

       The basic switches are:

       -colors N
              Reduce image to at most N colors.  This reduces the
              number  of colors used in the output image, so that
              it can be displayed on  a  colormapped  display  or
              stored  in a colormapped file format.  For example,
              if you have an 8-bit display, you'd need to  reduce
              to 256 or fewer colors.

       -quantize N
              Same  as -colors.  -colors is the recommended name,
              -quantize is provided only for  backwards  compati-

       -fast  Select recommended processing options for fast, low
              quality output.  (The default  options  are  chosen
              for  highest  quality  output.)  Currently, this is
              equivalent to -dct fast -nosmooth -onepass  -dither

              Force gray-scale output even if JPEG file is color.
              Useful for viewing on  monochrome  displays;  also,
              djpeg runs noticeably faster in this mode.

       -scale M/N
              Scale  the output image by a factor M/N.  Currently
              the scale factor must be 1/1,  1/2,  1/4,  or  1/8.
              Scaling  is  handy if the image is larger than your
              screen; also, djpeg runs much faster  when  scaling
              down the output.

       -bmp   Select  BMP  output format (Windows flavor).  8-bit
              colormapped  format  is  emitted  if   -colors   or
              -grayscale  is  specified,  or  if the JPEG file is
              gray-scale; otherwise, 24-bit full-color format  is

       -gif   Select  GIF output format.  Since GIF does not sup-
              port more than 256 colors, -colors 256  is  assumed
              (unless you specify a smaller number of colors).

       -os2   Select  BMP output format (OS/2 1.x flavor).  8-bit
              colormapped  format  is  emitted  if   -colors   or
              -grayscale  is  specified,  or  if the JPEG file is
              gray-scale; otherwise, 24-bit full-color format  is

       -pnm   Select PBMPLUS (PPM/PGM) output format (this is the
              default format).  PGM is emitted if the  JPEG  file
              is gray-scale or if -grayscale is specified; other-
              wise PPM is emitted.

       -rle   Select RLE output format.  (Requires URT  library.)

       -targa Select  Targa  output format.  Gray-scale format is
              emitted if  the  JPEG  file  is  gray-scale  or  if
              -grayscale  is  specified;  otherwise,  colormapped
              format is emitted if -colors is  specified;  other-
              wise, 24-bit full-color format is emitted.

       Switches for advanced users:

       -dct int
              Use integer DCT method (default).

       -dct fast
              Use fast integer DCT (less accurate).

       -dct float
              Use floating-point DCT method.  The float method is
              very slightly more accurate than  the  int  method,
              but  is  much  slower  unless your machine has very
              fast  floating-point  hardware.   Also  note   that
              results  of  the  floating-point  method  may  vary
              slightly across machines, while the integer methods
              should  give the same results everywhere.  The fast
              integer method is much less accurate than the other

       -dither fs
              Use  Floyd-Steinberg  dithering  in color quantiza-

       -dither ordered
              Use ordered dithering in color quantization.

       -dither none
              Do not use dithering  in  color  quantization.   By
              default,  Floyd-Steinberg dithering is applied when
              quantizing colors; this is slow  but  usually  pro-
              duces  the  best results.  Ordered dither is a com-
              promise between speed and quality; no dithering  is
              fast  but  usually  looks  awful.   Note that these
              switches have no effect unless  color  quantization
              is being done.  Ordered dither is only available in
              -onepass mode.

       -map file
              Quantize to the colors used in the specified  image
              file.   This is useful for producing multiple files
              with identical color maps, or for forcing a  prede-
              fined set of colors to be used.  The file must be a
              GIF or PPM file. This option overrides -colors  and

              Use a faster, lower-quality upsampling routine.

              Use  one-pass  instead  of two-pass color quantiza-
              tion.  The one-pass method is faster and needs less
              memory,  but  it  produces  a  lower-quality image.
              -onepass is ignored unless you also say -colors  N.
              Also,  the one-pass method is always used for gray-
              scale output (the two-pass method is no improvement

       -maxmemory N
              Set limit for amount of memory to use in processing
              large images.  Value is in thousands of  bytes,  or
              millions of bytes if "M" is attached to the number.
              For example, -max 4m  selects  4000000  bytes.   If
              more space is needed, temporary files will be used.

       -outfile name
              Send output image to the named file, not  to  stan-
              dard output.

              Enable debug printout.  More -v's give more output.
              Also, version information is printed at startup.

       -debug Same as -verbose.

       This example decompresses the JPEG file foo.jpg, quantizes
       it to 256 colors, and saves the output in 8-bit BMP format
       in foo.bmp:

              djpeg -colors 256 -bmp foo.jpg > foo.bmp

       To get a quick preview of an  image,  use  the  -grayscale
       and/or  -scale  switches.   -grayscale  -scale  1/8 is the
       fastest case.

       Several options are available that trade off image quality
       to gain speed.  -fast turns on the recommended settings.

       -dct fast and/or -nosmooth gain speed at a small sacrifice
       in  quality.   When  producing  a  color-quantized  image,
       -onepass  -dither  ordered  is fast but much lower quality
       than the default behavior.  -dither none may give  accept-
       able  results in two-pass mode, but is seldom tolerable in
       one-pass mode.

       If you are fortunate enough to  have  very  fast  floating
       point  hardware,  -dct  float may be even faster than -dct
       fast.  But on most machines -dct float is slower than -dct
       int; in this case it is not worth using, because its theo-
       retical accuracy advantage is too small to be  significant
       in practice.

              If  this  environment variable is set, its value is
              the default memory limit.  The value  is  specified
              as  described  for  the -maxmemory switch.  JPEGMEM
              overrides the default value specified when the pro-
              gram  was  compiled, and itself is overridden by an
              explicit -maxmemory.

       cjpeg(1), jpegtran(1), rdjpgcom(1), wrjpgcom(1)
       ppm(5), pgm(5)
       Wallace, Gregory K.  "The JPEG Still  Picture  Compression
       Standard", Communications of the ACM, April 1991 (vol. 34,
       no. 4), pp. 30-44.

       Independent JPEG Group

       Arithmetic coding is not supported for legal reasons.

       To avoid the Unisys  LZW  patent,  djpeg  produces  uncom-
       pressed  GIF files.  These are larger than they should be,
       but are readable by standard GIF decoders.

       Still not as fast as we'd like.

                          22 August 1997                        1