SETPGID(2)          Linux Programmer's Manual          SETPGID(2)

NAME
       setpgid, getpgid, setpgrp, getpgrp - set/get process group

SYNOPSIS
       #include <unistd.h>

       int setpgid(pid_t pid, pid_t pgid);
       pid_t getpgid(pid_t pid);
       int setpgrp(void);
       pid_t getpgrp(void);

DESCRIPTION
       setpgid sets the process group ID of the process specified
       by  pid  to  pgid.   If pid is zero, the process ID of the
       current process is used.  If pgid is zero, the process  ID
       of the process specified by pid is used.

       getpgid returns the process group ID of the process speci-
       fied by pid.  If pid is zero, the process ID of  the  cur-
       rent process is used.

       In  the  Linux  DLL  4.4.1  library,  setpgrp simply calls
       setpgid(0,0).

       getpgrp is equivalent to getpgid(0).

       Process groups are used for distribution of  signals,  and
       by  terminals  to arbitrate requests for their input: pro-
       cesses that have the same process group  as  the  terminal
       are  foreground and may read, while others will block with
       a signal if they attempt to read.

       These calls are thus used by programs such  as  csh(1)  to
       create  process  groups  in implementing job control.  The
       TIOCGPGRP and TIOCSPGRP calls described in termios(4)  are
       used to get/set the process group of the control terminal.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, setpgid and setpgrp return zero.  On error, -1
       is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

       getpgid  returns a process group on success.  On error, -1
       is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

       getpgrp always returns the current process group.

ERRORS
       EINVAL  pgid is less than 0.

       EPERM   Various permission violations.

       ESRCH   pid does not match any process.

CONFORMING TO
       SVr4, POSIX, 4.4BSD.

CONFORMING TO
       The functions setpgid and getpgrp conform to POSIX.1.  The
       function  setpgrp  is  from BSD 4.2.  The function getpgid
       conforms to SVr4.

SEE ALSO
       getuid(2), setsid(2), tcsetpgrp(3), termios(4)

Linux 1.2.4               15 April 1995                         1