GROFF(1)                                                 GROFF(1)

       groff - front end for the groff document formatting system

       groff [ -tpeszaivhblCENRSVXZ ] [ -wname ]  [  -Wname  ]  [
       -mname  ] [ -Fdir ] [ -Tdev ] [ -ffam ] [ -Mdir ] [ -dcs ]
       [ -rcn ] [ -nnum ] [ -olist ] [ -Parg ] [ files... ]

       groff is a front-end to the groff document formatting sys-
       tem.  Normally it runs the troff program and a postproces-
       sor  appropriate  for  the  selected  device.    Available
       devices are:

       ps     For PostScript printers and previewers

       dvi    For TeX dvi format

       X75    For a 75 dpi X11 previewer

       X100   For a 100dpi X11 previewer

       ascii  For typewriter-like devices

       latin1 For  typewriter-like  devices using the ISO Latin-1
              character set.

       lj4    For an HP LaserJet4-compatible (or other  PCL5-com-
              patible) printer.

       The  postprocessor to be used for a device is specified by
       the postpro command in the device description file.   This
       can be overridden with the -X option.

       The  default  device  is ps.  It can optionally preprocess
       with any of pic, eqn, tbl, refer, or soelim.

       Options without an argument can be grouped behind a single
       -.  A filename of - denotes the standard input.

       The  grog  command  can be used to guess the correct groff
       command to use to format a file.

       -h     Print a help message.

       -e     Preprocess with eqn.

       -t     Preprocess with tbl.

       -p     Preprocess with pic.

       -s     Preprocess with soelim.

       -R     Preprocess with refer.  No  mechanism  is  provided
              for  passing  arguments to refer because most refer
              options  have  equivalent  commands  which  can  be
              included  in  the  file.   See  refer(1)  for  more

       -v     Make programs run by groff print out their  version

       -V     Print  the  pipeline on stdout instead of executing

       -z     Suppress output from troff.   Only  error  messages
              will be printed.

       -Z     Do  not  postprocess the output of troff.  Normally
              groff will automatically run the appropriate  post-

       -Parg  Pass  arg  to  the  postprocessor.   Each  argument
              should be passed with a separate -P  option.   Note
              that groff does not prepend - to arg before passing
              it to the postprocessor.

       -l     Send the output to a printer.  The command used for
              this  is  specified  by  the  print  command in the
              device description file.

       -Larg  Pass arg to the spooler.  Each argument  should  be
              passed  with a separate -L option.  Note that groff
              does not prepend - to arg before passing it to  the

       -Tdev  Prepare  output for device dev.  The default device
              is ps.

       -X     Preview with gxditview instead of using  the  usual
              postprocessor.  Groff passes gxditview a -printCom-
              mand option which will make  the  Print  action  do
              what  groff  would  have  done if the -l option had
              been given.   This  is  unlikely  to  produce  good
              results except with -Tps.

       -N     Don't  allow newlines with eqn delimiters.  This is
              the same as the -N option in eqn.

       -S     Safer mode.  Pass the -S option to pic and use  the
              -msafer macros with troff.

       -nnum  These are as described in troff(1).

              If  this  is  set  X,  then  groff  will run Xtroff
              instead of troff.  This also applies to  tbl,  pic,
              eqn, refer and soelim.  It does not apply to grops,
              grodvi, grotty and gxditview.

              A colon separated list of directories in  which  to
              search for macro files.

              Default device.

              A  colon  separated list of directories in which to
              search for the devname directory.

       PATH   The search path for commands executed by groff.

              The directory in which temporary files will be cre-
              ated.  If this is not set and TMPDIR is set, tempo-
              rary files will be created in that directory.  Oth-
              erwise  temporary  files  will  be created in /tmp.
              The grops(1) and refer(1) commands can create  tem-
              porary files.

              Device description file for device name.

              Font file for font F of device name.

       James Clark <>

       Report  bugs to  Include a com-
       plete, self-contained example that will allow the  bug  to
       be  reproduced,  and  say  which  version of groff you are

       Copyright (C) 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992 Free Software Founda-
       tion, Inc.

       groff  is  free  software;  you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it under  the  terms  of  the  GNU  General  Public
       License  as  published  by  the  Free Software Foundation;
       either version 2, or (at your option) any later version.

       groff is distributed in the hope that it will  be  useful,
       but  WITHOUT  ANY  WARRANTY; without even the implied war-
       POSE.   See  the  GNU  General  Public  License  for  more

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General  Public
       License  along  with groff; see the file COPYING.  If not,
       write to the Free Software Foundation, 59 Temple  Place  -
       Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

       The most recent released version of groff is always avail-
       able for anonymous ftp from  (
       in the directory pub/gnu.

       grog(1),  troff(1),  tbl(1),  pic(1),  eqn(1),  soelim(1),
       refer(1), grops(1),  grodvi(1),  grotty(1),  gxditview(1),
       groff_font(5),     groff_out(5),    groff_ms(7),    me(7),
       groff_char(7), msafer(7)

Groff Version 1.11        15 August 1997                        1