RCMD(3)                    UNIX Programmer's Manual                    RCMD(3)

NAME
     rcmd, rresvport, iruserok, ruserok - routines for returning a stream to a
     remote command

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     rcmd(char **ahost, int inport, const char *locuser, const char *remuser,
             const char *cmd, int *fd2p)

     int
     rresvport(int *port)

     int
     iruserok(u_int32_t raddr, int superuser, const char *ruser,
             const char *luser)

     int
     ruserok(const char *rhost, int superuser, const char *ruser,
             const char *luser)

DESCRIPTION
     The rcmd() function is used by the super-user to execute a command on a
     remote machine using an authentication scheme based on reserved port num-
     bers.  The rresvport() function returns a descriptor to a socket with an
     address in the privileged port space.  The iruserok() and ruserok() func-
     tions are used by servers to authenticate clients requesting service with
     rcmd().  All four functions are present in the same file and are used by
     the rshd(8) server (among others).

     The rcmd() function looks up the host *ahost using gethostbyname(3),  re-
     turning -1 if the host does not exist.  Otherwise *ahost is set to the
     standard name of the host and a connection is established to a server re-
     siding at the well-known Internet port inport.

     If the connection succeeds, a socket in the Internet domain of type
     SOCK_STREAM is returned to the caller, and given to the remote command as
     stdin and stdout. If fd2p is non-zero, then an auxiliary channel to a
     control process will be set up, and a descriptor for it will be placed in
     *fd2p. The control process will return diagnostic output from the command
     (unit 2) on this channel, and will also accept bytes on this channel as
     being UNIX signal numbers, to be forwarded to the process group of the
     command.  If fd2p is 0, then the stderr (unit 2 of the remote command)
     will be made the same as the stdout and no provision is made for sending
     arbitrary signals to the remote process, although you may be able to get
     its attention by using out-of-band data.

     The protocol is described in detail in rshd(8).

     The rresvport() function is used to obtain a socket with a privileged ad-
     dress bound to it.  This socket is suitable for use by rcmd() and several
     other functions.  Privileged Internet ports are those in the range 0 to
     1023.  Only the super-user is allowed to bind an address of this sort to
     a socket.

     The iruserok() and ruserok() functions take a remote host's IP address or
     name, respectively, two user names and a flag indicating whether the lo-
     cal user's name is that of the super-user.  Then, if the user is NOT the
     super-user, it checks the /etc/hosts.equiv file.  If that lookup is not
     done, or is unsuccessful, the .rhosts in the local user's home directory
     is checked to see if the request for service is allowed.

     If this file does not exist, is not a regular file, is owned by anyone
     other than the user or the super-user, or is writeable by anyone other
     than the owner, the check automatically fails.  Zero is returned if the
     machine name is listed in the ``hosts.equiv'' file, or the host and re-
     mote user name are found in the ``.rhosts'' file; otherwise iruserok()
     and ruserok() return -1.  If the local domain (as obtained from
     gethostname(2))  is the same as the remote domain, only the machine name
     need be specified.

     If the IP address of the remote host is known, iruserok() should be used
     in preference to ruserok(), as it does not require trusting the DNS serv-
     er for the remote host's domain.

DIAGNOSTICS
     The rcmd() function returns a valid socket descriptor on success.  It re-
     turns -1 on error and prints a diagnostic message on the standard error.

     The rresvport() function returns a valid, bound socket descriptor on suc-
     cess.  It returns -1 on error with the global value errno set according
     to the reason for failure.  The error code EAGAIN is overloaded to mean
     ``All network ports in use.''

SEE ALSO
     rlogin(1),  rsh(1),  intro(2),  rexec(3),  rexecd(8),  rlogind(8),
     rshd(8)

HISTORY
     These functions appeared in 4.2BSD.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution        June 4, 1993                                1