KERNELD(8)               Linux Extensions              KERNELD(8)

       kerneld - perform kernel action in user space (such as on-
       demand loading of modules)

       kerneld  [  debug  ]  [  keep  ]  [  delay=<seconds>  ]  [
       type=<message number> ]

       Apart  from automatically removing unused modules, kerneld
       also performs specific  kernel  tasks  in  user  space  by
       responding to requests from the kernel via a dedicated IPC
       message queue.  Access to this queue can be made from user
       space by opening the queue with:

            qid = msgget(IPC_PRIVATE, 0600 | IPC_KERNELD);

       A  specific  task  is  requested with the message type, as
       specified in <linux/kerneld.h>.

       The structure of a kerneld message is:
            struct kerneld_msg {
                 long mtype;
                 long id;
                 char text[1];
       where the id field is used as the number of  the  response
       message  from kerneld back to the kernel.  If the id field
       is zero, there will be no response from kerneld.
       (Note that a new structure is proposed that  will  include
       the pid of the requestor into the protocol header.)

       If  a  response was requested, the exit status of the ker-
       neld action will be stored in the id field.

       The text field us used to hold  the  parameters  from  the
       kernel  to  the  specified kerneld action.  In return mes-
       sages, this field can contain the output from the  action,
       to be used (if wanted) by the kernel.

       The options are as follows:

       debug   Whith  debugging  enabled, you will be able to see
               the current status of kerneld as it  performs  its
               tasks.   Note  that  you can control debugging, as
               well as all the other parameters via  the  utility

       keep    The  keep option makes kerneld ignore all requests
               for  unloading  modules.   This  option  might  be
               usable  for systems where the modules should never
               be unloaded at all (for  some  reason  or  other).
               This option also inhibits the automatic removal of
               unused modules that kerneld performs every  minute
               (or <delay> seconds).

               The  delay  option will change the timeout in ker-
               neld for  delayed  removal  of  modules  from  the
               default 60 seconds to whatever the choice was.

       type=<message type>
               The default type is -255, which means that kerneld
               will listen for all messages  where  the  type  is
               less  than  or equal to 255.  If a positive number
               is given, kerneld will only listen for  that  mes-
               sage type.

       kerneld  sends  error  messages  to  the  syslog  facility

       insmod(1), rmmod(1), modprobe(1), depmod(1), syslogd(8)

       The kerneld  support  was  inspired  by  discussions  with
       Jacques Gelinas <>

Linux                      May 14, 1995                         1