LS(1)                          FSF                          LS(1)

       ls - list directory contents

       ls [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       List information about the FILEs (the current directory by
       default).  Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuSUX
       nor --sort.

       -a, --all
              do not hide entries starting with .

       -A, --almost-all
              do not list implied . and ..

       -b, --escape
              print octal escapes for nongraphic characters

              use SIZE-byte blocks

       -B, --ignore-backups
              do not list implied entries ending with ~

       -c     sort by change time; with -l: show ctime

       -C     list entries by columns

              control  whether  color is used to distinguish file
              types.  WHEN may be `never', `always', or `auto'

       -d, --directory
              list directory entries instead of contents

       -D, --dired
              generate output designed for Emacs' dired mode

       -f     do not sort, enable -aU, disable -lst

       -F, --classify
              append indicator (one of */=@|) to entries

              across -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l,  sin-
              gle-column -1, verbose -l, vertical -C

              list both full date and full time

       -g     (ignored)

       -G, --no-group
              inhibit display of group information

       -h, --human-readable
              print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M

       -H, --si
              likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

              append indicator with style WORD  to  entry  names:
              none (default), classify (-F), file-type (-p)

       -i, --inode
              print index number of each file

       -I, --ignore=PATTERN
              do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN

       -k, --kilobytes
              like --block-size=1024

       -l     use a long listing format

       -L, --dereference
              list entries pointed to by symbolic links

       -m     fill width with a comma separated list of entries

       -n, --numeric-uid-gid
              list numeric UIDs and GIDs instead of names

       -N, --literal
              print  raw  entry  names  (don't treat e.g. control
              characters specially)

       -o     use long listing format without group info

       -p, --file-type
              append indicator (one of /=@|) to entries

       -q, --hide-control-chars
              print ? instead of non graphic characters

              show non graphic characters as-is (default)

       -Q, --quote-name
              enclose entry names in double quotes

              use quoting style WORD for  entry  names:  literal,
              shell, shell-always, c, escape

       -r, --reverse
              reverse order while sorting

       -R, --recursive
              list subdirectories recursively

       -s, --size
              print size of each file, in blocks

       -S     sort by file size

              extension -X, none -U, size -S, time -t, version -v
              status -c, time -t, atime -u, access -u, use -u

              show time as WORD  instead  of  modification  time:
              atime,  access, use, ctime or status; use specified
              time as sort key if --sort=time

       -t     sort by modification time

       -T, --tabsize=COLS
              assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8

       -u     sort by last access time; with -l: show atime

       -U     do not sort; list entries in directory order

       -v     sort by version

       -w, --width=COLS
              assume screen width instead of current value

       -x     list entries by lines instead of by columns

       -X     sort alphabetically by entry extension

       -1     list one file per line

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       By default, color is not  used  to  distinguish  types  of
       files.   That  is equivalent to using --color=none.  Using
       the --color option without the optional WHEN  argument  is
       equivalent  to  using  --color=always.  With --color=auto,
       color codes are output only if  standard  output  is  con-
       nected to a terminal (tty).

       Report bugs to <>.

       The  full  documentation for ls is maintained as a Texinfo
       manual.   If  the  info  and  ls  programs  are   properly
       installed at your site, the command

              info ls

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU fileutils 4.0         November 1998                         1