MINICOM(1)                                             MINICOM(1)

NAME
       minicom - friendly serial communication program

SYNOPSIS
       minicom [-somlz8] [-c on|off] [-S script] [-d entry]
               [-a  on|off]  [-t  term] [-p pty] [-C capturefile]
               [configuration]

DESCRIPTION
       minicom is a communication program which  somewhat  resem-
       bles  the  shareware program TELIX but is free with source
       code and runs under most unices.  Features include dialing
       directory  with  auto-redial,  support for UUCP-style lock
       files on serial devices, a seperate script language inter-
       preter,  capture  to  file, multiple users with individual
       configurations, and more.

COMMAND-LINE
       -s   Setup.   Root  edits  the  system-wide  defaults   in
            /etc/minirc.dfl  with  this option.  When it is used,
            minicom does not initialize, but  puts  you  directly
            into  the  configuration  menu. This is very handy if
            minicom refuses to start up because your  system  has
            changed,  or  for the first time you run minicom. For
            most systems, reasonable defaults  are  already  com-
            piled in.

       -o   Do  not initialize. Minicom will skip the initializa-
            tion code.  This option is handy if you quitted  from
            minicom without resetting, and then want to restart a
            session. It is potentially dangerous though: no check
            for  lock  files etc. is made, so a normal user could
            interfere with things like uucp... Maybe this will be
            taken  out  later.  For now it is assumed, that users
            who are given  access  to  a  modem  are  responsible
            enough for their actions.

       -m   Override  command-key  with the Meta or ALT key. This
            is the default in 1.80 and it can also be  configured
            in  one  of minicom's menus, but if you use different
            terminals all the time, of which some  don't  have  a
            Meta  or  ALT key, it's handy to set the default com-
            mand key to Ctrl-A and use this option when you  have
            a  keyboard  supporting  Meta  or  ALT  keys. Minicom
            assumes that your Meta key sends the ESC prefix,  not
            the  other  variant  that sets the highest bit of the
            character.

       -M   Same as -m, but assumes that your Meta key  sets  the
            8th  bit of the character high (sends 128 + character
            code).

       -z   Use terminal status line. This only works  on  termi-
            nals  that  support  it  and  that  have the relevant
            information in their  termcap  or  terminfo  database
            entry.

       -l   Literal  translation  of characters with the high bit
            set. With this flag  on,  minicom  will  not  try  to
            translate  the  IBM  line  characters  to  ASCII, but
            passes them straight trough. Many PC-unix clones will
            display  them correctly without translation (Linux in
            a special mode, Coherent and Sco).

       -a   Attribute usage. Some terminals, notably televideo's,
            have  a  rotten attribute handling (serial instead of
            parallel). By default, minicom uses '-a on',  but  if
            you are using such a terminal you can (must!)  supply
            the option '-a off'. The trailing 'on'  or  'off'  is
            needed.

       -t   Terminal  type.  With this flag, you can override the
            environment TERM variable.  This is handy for use  in
            the  MINICOM  environment  variable; one can create a
            special termcap entry for use  with  minicom  on  the
            console,  that  initializes the screen to raw mode so
            that in conjunction with the -l flag,  the  IBM  line
            characters are displayed untranslated.

       -c   Color  usage.  Some terminals (such as the Linux con-
            sole) support color with  the  standard  ANSI  escape
            sequences.  Because  there  is  apparently no termcap
            support for color, these escape sequences  are  hard-
            coded  into  minicom. Therefore this option is off by
            default.  You can turn it on with '-c on'. This,  and
            the  '-m' option, are good candidates to put into the
            MINICOM environment variable.

       -S   script.  Run the named script  at  startup.  So  far,
            passing  username and password to a startup script is
            not supported. If you also use the -d option to start
            dialing  at startup, the -S script will be run BEFORE
            dialing the entry specified with -d.

       -d   Dial an entry from the dialing directory on  startup.
            You can specify an index number, but also a substring
            of the name of the  entry.  The  dialing  will  start
            after all other program initialization procedures.

       -p   Pseudo  terminal to use. This overrrides the terminal
            port defined in the configuration files, but only  if
            it  is a pseudo tty. The filename supplied must be of
            the form (/dev/)tty[p-z][0-f].

       -C   filename.  Open capture file at startup.

       -8   8bit characters pass through  without  any  modifica-
            tion.  'Continuous' means no locate/attribute control
            sequences  are  inserted  without  real   change   of
            locate/attribute. This mode is to display 8bit multi-
            byte characters such as Japanese. Not needed in every
            language  with 8bit characters. (For example display-
            ing Finnish text doesn't need this.)

            When minicom starts, it first  searches  the  MINICOM
            environment   variable  for  command-line  arguments,
            which can be over-ridden on the command line.   Thus,
            if you have done

                 MINICOM='-m -c on'
                 export MINICOM

            or  the  equivalent,  and start minicom, minicom will
            assume that your terminal has a Meta or <ALT> key and
            that  color  is supported.  If you then log in from a
            terminal without color  support,  and  you  have  set
            MINICOM  in  your  startup  (.profile  or equivalent)
            file, and don't want to re-set your environment vari-
            able,  you  can type 'minicom -c off' and run without
            color support for that session.

       configuration
            The configuration argument is more interesting.  Nor-
            mally,  minicom  gets its defaults from a file called
            "minirc.dfl". If you  however  give  an  argument  to
            minicom,  it will try to get its defaults from a file
            called "minirc.configuration".  So it is possible  to
            create  multiple  configuration  files, for different
            ports, different users etc. Most sensible is  to  use
            device  names,  such  as  tty1, tty64, sio2 etc. If a
            user creates his own configuration file, it will show
            up in his home directory as '.minirc.dfl'.

USE
       Minicom is windows-based. To popup a window with the func-
       tion you want, press Control-A (from now on, we  will  use
       C-A  to mean Control-A), and then the function key (a-z or
       A-Z). By pressing C-A first and then 'z',  a  help  screen
       comes up with a short summary of all commands. This escape
       key can be altered when minicom is configured  (-s  option
       or C-A O), but we'll stick to Control-A for now.

       For every menu the next keys can be used:
        UP     arrow-up or 'k'
        DOWN   arrow-down or 'j'
        LEFT   arrow-left or 'h'
        RIGHT  arrow-right or 'l'
        CHOOSE Enter
        CANCEL ESCape.

       The  screen  is  divided  into  two portions: the upper 24
       lines are the terminal-emulator screen.  In  this  window,
       ANSI  or VT100 escape sequences are interpreted.  If there
       is a line left at the bottom,  a  status  line  is  placed
       there.   If  this  is not possible the status line will be
       showed every time you press C-A. On terminals that have  a
       special  status  line  that  will  be  used if the termcap
       information is complete and the -k flag has been given.

       Possible commands are listed next, in alphabetical  order.
       C-A  Pressing  C-A  a  second time will just send a C-A to
            the remote system.  If you have changed your  "escape
            character"  to  something  other than C-A, this works
            analogously for that character.
       A    Toggle 'Add Linefeed' on/off. If it is on, a linefeed
            is  added  before  every carriage return displayed on
            the screen.
       B    Gives you a scroll back buffer.  You  can  scroll  up
            with  u,  down  with d, a page up with b, a page down
            with f, and if you  have  them  the  arrow  and  page
            up/page  down  keys  can also be used. You can search
            for text in the buffer with s (case-sensitive)  or  S
            (case-insensitive).  N  will find the next occurrence
            of the string.  c will enter citation  mode.  A  text
            cursor appears and you specify the start line by hit-
            ting Enter key. Then scroll back mode will finish and
            the contents with prefix '>' will be sent.
       C    Clears the screen.
       D    Dial a number, or go to the dialing directory.
       E    Toggle  local  echo  on  and  off (if your version of
            minicom supports it).
       F    A break signal is sent to the modem.
       G    Run script (Go). Runs a login script.
       H    Hangup.
       I    Toggle the type of escape sequence  that  the  cursor
            keys  send between normal and applications mode. (See
            also the comment about the status line below).
       J    Jump to a shell. On return, the whole screen will  be
            redrawn.
       K    Clears the screen, runs kermit and redraws the screen
            upon return.
       L    Turn Capture file on off. If turned  on,  all  output
            sent  to the screen will be captured in the file too.
       M    Sends the modem initialization  string.  If  you  are
            online  and the DCD line setting is on, you are asked
            for confirmation before the modem is initialized.
       O    Configure minicom.  Puts  you  in  the  configuration
            menu.
       P    Communication  Parameters.  Allows  you to change the
            bps rate, parity and number of bits.
       Q    Exit minicom without resetting the modem.  If  macros
            changed and were not saved, you will have a chance to
            do so.
       R    Receive files. Choose from various protocols  (exter-
            nal).  If  you have the filename selection window and
            the prompt for download directory enabled, you'll get
            a  selection  window  for  choosing the directory for
            downloading. Otherwise the download directory defined
            in the Filenames and paths menu will be used.
       S    Send  files. Choose the protocol like you do with the
            receive command.  If  you  don't  have  the  filename
            selection window enabled (in the File transfer proto-
            cols menu), you'll just have to write the filename(s)
            in  a dialog window. If you have the selection window
            enabled, a window will pop up showing  the  filenames
            in your upload directory. You can tag and untag file-
            names by pressing spacebar, and move  the  cursor  up
            and  down  with  the cursor keys or j/k. The selected
            filenames are shown highlighted. Directory names  are
            shown  [within  brackets] and you can move up or down
            in the directory tree by pressing the spacebar twice.
            Finally,  send the files by pressing ENTER or quit by
            pressing ESC.
       T    Choose Terminal emulation: Ansi(color) or vt100.  You
            can  also  change the backspace key here and turn the
            status line on or off.
       W    Toggle linewrap on/off.
       X    Exit minicom, reset modem. If macros changed and were
            not saved, you will have a chance to do so.
       Z    Pop up the help screen.

DIALING DIRECTORY
       By  pressing  C-A  D  the  program puts you in the dialing
       directory.  You can add, delete or edit entries. By choos-
       ing  "dial" the phone numbers of the tagged entries, or if
       nothing is tagged, the number  of  the  highlighted  entry
       will  be dialed. While the modem is dialing, you can press
       escape to cancel dialing. Any other  key  will  close  the
       dial  window,  but  won't  cancel the dialing itself. Your
       dialing directory will be saved into a the file ".dialdir"
       in  your  home directory.  You can scroll up and down with
       the arrow keys, but you can also scroll complete pages  by
       pressing  the  PageUp  or PageDown key.  If you don't have
       those, use Control-B (Backward) and  Control-F  (Forward).
       You  can  use the space bar to tag a number of entries and
       minicom will rotate trough this list if a connection can't
       be made. A '>' symbol is drawn in the directory before the
       names of the tagged entries.

       The "edit" menu speaks for itself, but I will  discuss  it
       briefly here.
       A - Name  The name for this entry
       B - Number
                 and its telephone number.
       C - Dial string #
                 Which  specific  dial  string you want to use to
                 connect. There are three different dial  strings
                 (prefixes  and  suffixes) that can be configured
                 in the Modem and dialing menu.
       D - Local echo
                 can be on or off for this system (if  your  ver-
                 sion of minicom supports it).
       E - Script
                 The script that must be executed after a succes-
                 full connection is made (see the manual for run-
                 script)
       F - Username
                 The  username  that  is  passed to the runscript
                 program.  It is passed in the environment string
                 "$LOGIN".
       G - Password
                 The password is passed as "$PASS".
       H - Terminal Emulation
                 Use ANSI or VT100 emulation.
       I - Backspace key sends
                 What  code  (Backspace  or Delete) the backspace
                 key sends.
       J - Linewrap
                 Can be on or off.
       K - Line settings
                 Bps rate, bits and parity to use for  this  con-
                 nection.  You  can choose current for the speed,
                 so that it will use whatever speed is being used
                 at  that  moment  (useful  if  you have multiple
                 modems).
       L - Conversion table
                 You may spacify a character conversion table  to
                 be  loaded  whenever  this entry answers, before
                 running the  login  script.  If  this  field  is
                 blank, the conversion table stays unchanged.
       The edit menu also shows the latest date and time when you
       called this entry and the total number of calls there, but
       doesn't  let  you change them.  They are updated automati-
       cally when you connect.

CONFIGURATION
       By pressing C-A O you will be thrown into the setup  menu.
       Most  settings  there can be changed by everyone, but some
       are restricted to root only. Those priviliged settings are
       marked with a star (*) here.

       Filenames and paths
          This menu defines your default directories.
          A - download
               where the downloaded files go to.
          B - upload
               where the uploaded files are read from.
          C - script
               Where you keep your login scripts.
          D - Script program
               Which  program  to  use as the script interpreter.
               Defaults to the program "runscript",  but  if  you
               want   to  use  something  else  (eg,  /bin/sh  or
               "expect") it is possible.  Stdin  and  stdout  are
               connected to the modem, stderr to the screen.
               If the path is relative (ie, does not start with a
               slash) then it's relative to your home  directory,
               except for the script interpreter.
          E - Kermit program
               Where  to find the executable for kermit, and it's
               options. Some simple macro's can be  used  on  the
               command  line:  '%l'  is  expanded to the complete
               filename of  the  dial  out-device,  and  '%b'  is
               expanded to the current baudrate.

       File Transfer Protocols
          Protocols  defined  here  will  show up when C-A s/r is
          pressed.  "Name" in the beginning of the  line  is  the
          name  that  will  show up in the menu. "Program" is the
          path to the protocol. "Name" after that defines if  the
          program  needs  an argument, eg. a file to be transmit-
          ted. U/D defines if this entry should show  up  in  the
          upload  or  the  download menu.  Fullscr defines if the
          program should run full screen, or  that  minicom  will
          only  show  it's  stderr in a window. IO-Red defines if
          minicom should attach the  program's  standard  in  and
          output  to  the  modem  port  or not. "Multi" tells the
          filename selection window whether or not  the  protocol
          can  send  multiple  files  with one command. It has no
          effect on download protocols, and it  is  also  ignored
          with  upload  protocols  if  you don't use the filename
          selection window. The  old  sz  and  rz  are  not  full
          screen,  and have IO-Red set. However, there are curses
          based versions of at least rz that do  not  want  their
          stdin  and stdout redirected, and run full screen.  All
          file transfer protocols are run with  the  UID  of  the
          user,  and not with UID=root. '%l' and '%b' can be used
          on the command line as with kermit.  Within  this  menu
          you  can  also  define  if you want to use the filename
          selection window when prompted for files to upload, and
          if  you  like to be prompted for the download directory
          every time the automatic download is  started.  If  you
          leave the download directory prompt disabled, the down-
          load directory defined in the file and  directory  menu
          is used.

       Serial port setup
          *A - Serial device
               /dev/tty1   for   most   people.   /dev/cua<n>  or
               /dev/modem under linux.  If you have  modems  con-
               nected  to two or more serial ports, you may spec-
               ify all of them here in a list separated by space,
               comma or semicolon. When Minicom starts, it checks
               the list until it finds  an  available  modem  and
               uses that one. (However, you can't specify differ-
               ent init strings to them ..at least not yet.)
          *B - Lock file location
               On most systems This  should  be  /usr/spool/uucp.
               Linux  systems  use  /var/lock.  If this directory
               does not exist, minicom will not  attempt  to  use
               lockfiles.
          *C - Callin program
               If  you have a uugetty or something on your serial
               port, it could be that you want a  program  to  be
               run   to   switch   the   modem   cq.   port  into
               dialin/dialout mode. This is the  program  to  get
               into dialin mode.
          *D - Callout program
               And this to get into dialout mode.
          E - Bps/Par/Bits
               Default parameters at startup.

          If  one  of  the  entries is left blank, it will not be
          used. So if you don't care  about  locking,  and  don't
          have  a  getty running on your modemline, entries B - D
          should be left blank.  Be warned! The callin and  call-
          out  programs  are  run  with  the effective user id of
          "root", eg 0!

       Modem and Dialing
          Here, the parameters for your modem are defined. I will
          not  explain  this further because the defaults are for
          generic Hayes modems, and should work always. This file
          is  not  a  Hayes  tutorial  :-)  The only things worth
          noticing are that control characters  can  be  sent  by
          prefixing  them  with  a  '^',  in which '^^' means '^'
          itself, and the '\' character must also be  doubled  as
          '\\',  because backslash is used specially in the macro
          definitions.  Some options however, don't have much  to
          do  with the modem but more with the behaviour of mini-
          com itself:
          M - Dial time
               The number of seconds before minicom times out  if
               no connection is established.
          N - Delay before redial
               Minicom will redial if no connection was made, but
               it first waits some time.
          O - Number of tries
               Maximum number of times that minicom  attempts  to
               dial.
          P - Auto speed detect
               If  this  is on, minicom tries to match the dialed
               party's speed.  With most modern  modems  this  is
               NOT  desirable,  since  the modem buffers the data
               and converts the speed.
          Q - Drop DTR to hangup
               If you set this to 0, minicom hangs up by  sending
               a  Hayes-type  hangup  sequence.  If you specify a
               non-zero value, the hangup will be done  by  drop-
               ping  the DTR line. The value tells in seconds how
               long DTR will be kept down.
          R - Modem has DCD line
               If your modem, and your O/S both support  the  DCD
               line  (that goes 'high' when a connection is made)
               minicom will use it.

            Note that a special exception is made for this  menu:
            every  user  can change all parameters here, but they
            will not be saved.

       Screen and keyboard
          A - Command key is
               the 'Hot Key' that brings you into  command  mode.
               If  this  is  set  to 'ALT' or 'meta key', you can
               directly  call  commands  by  alt-key  instead  of
               HotKey-key.
          B - Backspace key sends
               There  still are some systems that want a VT100 to
               send DEL instead of BS. With this option  you  can
               enable  that  stupidity.   (Eh,  it's  even  on by
               default...)
          C - Status line is
               Enabled or  disabled.  Some  slow  terminals  (for
               example,  X-terminals)  cause  the  status line to
               jump "up and down" when scrolling, so you can turn
               it  off if desired. It will still be shown in com-
               mand-mode.
          D - Alarm sound
               If turned on, minicom will sound an alarm (on  the
               console  only)  after  a succesfull connection and
               when up/downloading is complete.
          E - Foreground Color (menu)
               indicates the foreground color to use for all  the
               configuration windows in minicom.
          F - Background Color (menu)
               indicates  the background color to use for all the
               configuration windows in minicom. Note that  mini-
               com  will not allow you to set forground and back-
               ground colors to the same value.
          G - Foreground Color (term)
               indicates the foreground color to use in the  ter-
               minal window.
          H - Background Color (term)
               indicates  the background color to use in the ter-
               minal window. Note that minicom will not allow you
               to set forground and background colors to the same
               value.
          I - Foreground Color (stat)
               indicates the foreground color to use in  for  the
               status bar.
          J - Background Color (stat)
               indicates  the color to use in for the status bar.
               Note that minicom will allow you to set the status
               bar's  forground and background colors to the same
               value. This will effectively make the  status  bar
               invisible but if these are your intensions, please
               see the option
          K - History buffer size
               The number of lines to keep in the history  buffer
               (for backscrolling).
          L - Macros file
               is  the  full  path to the file that holds macros.
               Macros allow you to define a  string  to  be  sent
               when  you press a certain key. In minicom, you may
               define F1 through F10 to send up to 256 characters
               [this  is  set  at compile time]. The filename you
               specify is verified as soon as you hit  ENTER.  If
               you  do  not have permissions to create the speci-
               fied file, an error message will so  indicate  and
               you will be forced to re-edit the filename. If you
               are permitted to create the file,  minicom  checks
               to  see  if  it  already exists. If so, it assumes
               it's a macro file and reads it in.  If  it  isn't,
               well,  it's  your problem :-) If the file does not
               exist, the filename is accepted.
          M - Edit Macros
               opens up a new window which allows you to edit the
               F1 through F10 macros.
          N - Macros enabled
               -  Yes  or  No. If macros are disabled, the F1-F10
               keys will just send the VT100/VT220  function  key
               escape sequences.
          O - Character conversion
               The  active  conversion  table  filename  is shown
               here. If you can see no  name,  no  conversion  is
               active.  Pressing  O,  you will see the conversion
               table edit menu.

               Edit Macros
                 Here, the macros for F1 through F10 are defined.
                 The bottom of the window shows a legend of char-
                 acter combinations that  have  special  meaning.
                 They  allow you to enter special control charac-
                 ters with plain text by prefixing  them  with  a
                 '^',  in  which  '^^'  means '^' itself. You can
                 send a 1 second delay with the '^~'  code.  This
                 is  useful  when  you  are trying to login after
                 ftp'ing or telnet'ing somewhere.  You  can  also
                 include  your current username and password from
                 the phone directory in the macros with '\u'  and
                 '\p',  respectively.  If  you need the backslash
                 character in the  macro,  write  it  doubled  as
                 '\\'.   To  edit  a  macro, press the number (or
                 letter for F10) and you will be moved to the end
                 of the macro. When editing the line, you may use
                 the left & right arrows, Home & End keys, Delete
                 &  BackSpace,  and  ESC and RETURN.  ESC cancels
                 any  changes  made  while  ENTER   accepts   the
                 changes.

               Character conversion
                 Here  you  can  edit  the  character  conversion
                 table. If you are not an American, you know that
                 in  many languages there are characters that are
                 not included in the ASCII character set, and  in
                 the  old  times they may have replaced some less
                 important characters in ASCII and now  they  are
                 often  represented  with  character  codes above
                 127. AND there are  various  different  ways  to
                 represent  them. This is where you may edit con-
                 version tables for systems that use a  character
                 set different from the one on your computer.

               A - Load table
                    You probably guessed it. This command loads a
                    table from the disk.  You are  asked  a  file
                    name   for   the  table.   Predefined  tables
                    .mciso, .mcpc8 and .mcsf7 should be  included
                    with  the  program. Table .mciso does no con-
                    version, .mcpc8 is to be used for connections
                    with  systems that use the 8-bit pc character
                    set, and .mcsf7 is for compatibility with the
                    systems  that  uses the good old 7-bit coding
                    to replace the  characters  {|}[]\  with  the
                    diacritical  characters  used  in Finnish and
                    Swedish.

               B - Save table
                    This one saves the active table on the  file-
                    name you specify.

               C - edit char
                    This is where you can make your own modifica-
                    tions to the existing table.  First  you  are
                    asked  the character value (in decimal) whose
                    conversion you want to  change.  Next  you'll
                    say  which  character you want to see on your
                    screen when that  character  comes  from  the
                    outside  world. And then you'll be asked what
                    you want to be sent out when you  enter  that
                    character from your keyboard.

               D - next screen

               E - prev screen
                    Yeah,  you  probably noticed that this screen
                    shows  you  what  kind  of  conversions   are
                    active.  The  screen  just  is  (usually) too
                    small to show the whole table at once  in  an
                    easy-to-understand  format.  This  is how you
                    can scroll the table left and right.

               F - convert capture
                    Toggles whether or not the character  conver-
                    sion  table  is used when writing the capture
                    file.

        Save setup as dfl
          Save the parameters as the default for  the  next  time
          the  program  is  started.  Instead  of  dfl, any other
          parameter name may appear, depending on which  one  was
          used when the program was started.

        Save setup as..
          Save  the  parameters  under  a  special name. Whenever
          Minicom is started with this name as  an  argument,  it
          will  use  these  parameters.  This option is of course
          priviliged to root.

        Exit
          Escape from this menu without saving.  This can also be
          done with ESC.

        Exit from minicom
          Only  root  will see this menu entry, if he/she started
          minicom with the '-s' option. This way, it is  possible
          to  change  the  configuration without actually running
          minicom.

STATUS LINE
       The status line has several  indicators,  that  speak  for
       themselves.   The mysterious APP or NOR indicator probably
       needs explanation. The VT100 cursor keys  can  be  in  two
       modes:  applications  mode  and  cursor mode. This is con-
       trolled by an escape sequence. If you find that the cursor
       keys  do  not work in, say, vi when you're logged in using
       minicom then you can see with this indicator  whether  the
       cursor  keys  are  in applications or cursor mode. You can
       toggle the two with the C-A I key. If the cursor keys then
       work,  it's probably an error in the remote system's term-
       cap initialization strings (is).

LOCALES
       Minicom has now support for local  languages.  This  means
       you  can  change  most  of  the English messages and other
       strings to another language  by  setting  the  environment
       variable  LANG.  On  July 1998 the supported languages are
       Brazilian Portuguese, Finnish  and  Japanese.  Turkish  is
       under construction.

SECURITY ISSUES
       Since  Minicom  is  run setuid root on some computers, you
       probably want to restrict access to it. This  is  possible
       by using a configuration file in the same directory as the
       default files, called "minicom.users".  The syntax of this
       file is as following:

            <username> <configuration> [configuration...]

       To  allow user 'miquels' to use the default configuration,
       enter the following line into "minicom.users":

            miquels dfl

       If you want users to be able to use more than the  default
       configurations, just add the names of those configurations
       behind the user name. If no configuration is given  behind
       the  username, minicom assumes that the user has access to
       all configurations.

MISC
       If minicom is hung, kill it with  SIGTERM  .  (This  means
       kill  -15,  or  since sigterm is default, just plain "kill
       <minicompid>". This will cause a graceful exit of minicom,
       doing  resets and everything.  You may kill minicom from a
       script with the command "!  killall  -9  minicom"  without
       hanging  up  the  line.  Without the -9 parameter, minicom
       first hangs up before exiting.

       Since a lot of escape sequences begin with ESC  (Arrow  up
       is ESC [ A), Minicom does not know if the escape character
       it gets is you pressing the  escape  key,  or  part  of  a
       sequence.

       An  old  version of Minicom, V1.2, solved this in a rather
       crude way: to get the escape key,  you  had  to  press  it
       twice.

       As of release 1.3 this has bettered a little: now a 1-sec-
       ond timeout is builtin, like in vi. For systems that  have
       the  select()  system  call  the  timeout  is 0.5 seconds.
       And... surprise: a special Linux-dependant  hack  :-)  was
       added.  Now,  minicom  can  separate  the  escape  key and
       escape-sequences. To see how dirty  this  was  done,  look
       into wkeys.c.  But it works like a charm!

FILES
       Minicom  keeps  it's configuration files in one directory,
       usually /var/lib/minicom, /usr/local/etc or /etc. To  find
       out  what default directory minicom has compiled in, issue
       the command minicom -h.  You'll  probably  also  find  the
       demo files for runscript(1) there.

       minicom.users
       minirc.*
       $HOME/.minirc.*
       $HOME/.dialdir
       /usr/share/locale/*/LC_MESSAGES/minicom.mo

VERSION
       Minicom is now up to version 1.82.

AUTHORS
       The  original  author of minicom is Miquel van Smoorenburg
       (miquels@drinkel.ow.org, miquels@cistron.nl).
       Jukka Lahtinen (walker@clinet.fi, walker@megabaud.fi)  has
       been  responsible  for  new versions since 1.78, helped by
       some other people, including:
       filipg@paranoia.com wrote the History buffer searching  to
       1.79.
       Arnaldo  Carvalho  de Melo (acme@conectiva.com.br) did the
       internationalization and the Brasilian Portuguese transla-
       tions.
       Jim Seymour (jseymour@jimsun.LinxNet.com) wrote the multi-
       ple modem support and the filename selection  window  used
       since 1.80.
       Tomohiro  Kubota  (kubota@debian.or.jp) wrote the Japanese
       translations and  the  citation  facility,  and  did  some
       fixes.
       Gal Quri (gqueri@mail.dotcom.fr) wrote the French transla-
       tions.

       Most of this man page is copied,  with  corrections,  from
       the  original minicom README, but some pieces and the cor-
       rections are by Michael K. Johnson  (johnsonm@stolaf.edu).

       Jukka  Lahtinen  (walker@clinet.fi) added some information
       of the changes made after version 1.75.

User's Manual            6 September 1998                       1