```PDFTEX(1)                                               PDFTEX(1)

NAME
pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX

SYNOPSIS
pdftex [options] [commands]

DESCRIPTION
This  manual page is not meant to be exhaustive.  The com-
plete documentation for this version of TeX can  be  found
in the info file or manual Web2C: A TeX implementation.

pdfTeX  is  a  version of TeX that can create PDF files as
well as DVI files.

The typical use of pdfTeX is with a  pregenerated  formats
for which PDF output has been enabled.  The pdftex command
uses the equivalent of  the  plain  TeX  format,  and  the
pdflatex  command uses the equivalent of the LaTeX format.

The pdfinitex and pdfvirtex  commands  are  pdfTeX's  ana-
logues to the initex and virtex commands.  In this instal-
lation, they are symlinks to the pdftex executable.

pdfTeX's handling of its command-line arguments is similar
to that of TeX.

pdfTeX is beta software.

OPTIONS
This  version  of pdfTeX understands the following command
line options.

--fmt format
Use format as the name of the format  to  be  used,
instead of the name by which pdfTeX was called or a
%& line.

--help Print help message and exit.

--ini  Be pdfinitex, for dumping formats; this is  implic-
itly true if the program is called as pdfinitex.

--interaction mode
Sets  the interaction mode.  The mode can be one of
batchmode, nonstopmode, scrollmode, and  errorstop-
mode.   The  meaning  of these modes is the same as
that of the corresponding \commands.

--ipc  Send DVI or PDF output to a socket as well  as  the
usual  output  file.  Whether this option is avail-
able is the choice of the installer.

--ipc-start
As --ipc, and starts the server at the other end as
well.   Whether  this  option  is  available is the
choice of the installer.

Sets path searching debugging  flags  according  to
the  bitmask.  See the Kpathsea manual for details.

--maketex fmt
Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be one  of  tex  or
tfm.

--no-maketex fmt
Disable  mktexfmt,  where fmt must be one of tex or
tfm.

--output-comment string
Use string for the DVI file comment instead of  the
date.

--progname name
Pretend  to be program name.  This affects both the
format used and the search paths.

--shell-escape
Enable the \write18{command} construct.   The  com-
mand  can  be  any Bourne shell command.  This con-
struct is normally disallowed for security reasons.

--translate-file tcxname
Use the tcxname translation table.

--version
Print version information and exit.

ENVIRONMENT
See the Kpathsearch library documentation (the `Path spec-
ifications' node) for precise details of how the  environ-
ment  variables  are  used.   The kpsewhich utility can be
used to query the values of the variables.

One caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in  a
filename  you  give  directly  to  pdfTeX, because ~ is an
active character, and hence is expanded, not taken as part
of the filename.  Other programs, such as Metafont, do not
have this problem.

TEXMFOUTPUT
Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the  cur-
rent  directory.   If  any  output  file  cannot be
opened there, it tries to open it in the  directory
specified  in the environment variable TEXMFOUTPUT.
There is no default value for that  variable.   For
example,  if  you  say  tex  paper  and the current
directory is not writable, if TEXMFOUTPUT  has  the
value    /tmp,    pdfTeX    attempts    to   create
/tmp/paper.log (and /tmp/paper.pdf, if  any  output
is produced.)

TEXINPUTS
Search  path  for  \input  and \openin files.  This
should probably start  with  ``.'',  so  that  user
files are found before system files.

TEXFONTS
Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

TEXFORMATS
Search path for format files.

TEXPOOL
search path for pdfinitex internal strings.

TEXEDIT
Command  template  for  switching  to  editor.  The
default, usually vi, is set  when  pdfTeX  is  com-
piled.

FILES
The location of the files mentioned below varies from sys-
tem to system.  Use the kpsewhich utility  to  find  their
locations.

pdftex.pool
Encoded text of pdfTeX's messages.

texfonts.map
Filename mapping definitions.

*.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

*.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.

BUGS
This  version  of pdfTeX fails to trap arithmetic overflow
when dimensions are added or subtracted.  Cases where this
occurs  are  rare, but when it does the generated DVI file
will be invalid.  Whether a generated PDF  file  would  be
usable is unknown.

pdfTeX  is beta software.  Subscribe to the pdftex mailing
list pdftex@tug.org if you intend to use it.   This  is  a
majordomo  list,  to  subscribe  send a message containing
subscribe pdftex to majordomo@tug.org.

tex(1), mf(1), undump(1).

AUTHORS
The primary authors of pdfTeX  are  Han  The  Thanh,  Petr
Sojka, and Jiri Zlatuska.

Web2C 7.3                 29 March 1999                         1

```