PERLTOC(1)       Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC(1)

NNAAMMEE
       perltoc - perl documentation table of contents

DDEESSCCRRIIPPTTIIOONN
       This page provides a brief table of contents for the rest
       of the Perl documentation set.  It is meant to be scanned
       quickly or grepped through to locate the proper section
       you're looking for.

BBAASSIICC DDOOCCUUMMEENNTTAATTIIOONN
       ppeerrll -- PPrraaccttiiccaall EExxttrraaccttiioonn aanndd RReeppoorrtt LLaanngguuaaggee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       Many usability enhancements, Simplified grammar, Lexical
       scoping, Arbitrarily nested data structures, Modularity
       and reusability, Object-oriented programming, Embeddable
       and Extensible, POSIX compliant, Package constructors and
       destructors, Multiple simultaneous DBM implementations,
       Subroutine definitions may now be autoloaded, Regular
       expression enhancements, Innumerable Unbundled Modules,
       Compilability

       ENVIRONMENT

       AUTHOR

       FILES

       SEE ALSO

       DIAGNOSTICS

       BUGS

       NOTES

       ppeerrllffaaqq -- ffrreeqquueennttllyy aasskkeedd qquueessttiioonnss aabboouutt PPeerrll (($$DDaattee::
       11999988//0077//2200 2233::1122::1177 $$))

       DESCRIPTION
       perlfaq: Structural overview of the FAQ, the perlfaq1
       manpage: General Questions About Perl, the perlfaq2
       manpage: Obtaining and Learning about Perl, the perlfaq3
       manpage: Programming Tools, the perlfaq4 manpage: Data
       Manipulation, the perlfaq5 manpage: Files and Formats, the
       perlfaq6 manpage: Regexps, the perlfaq7 manpage: General
       Perl Language Issues, the perlfaq8 manpage: System
       Interaction, the perlfaq9 manpage: Networking

       Where to get this document

       How to contribute to this document

       What will happen if you mail your Perl programming
            problems to the authors

       Credits

       Author and Copyright Information

       Bundled Distributions

       Disclaimer

       Changes
       24/April/97, 23/April/97, 25/March/97, 18/March/97,
       17/March/97 Version, Initial Release: 11/March/97

       ppeerrllffaaqq11 -- GGeenneerraall QQuueessttiioonnss AAbboouutt PPeerrll (($$RReevviissiioonn:: 11..1144
       $$,, $$DDaattee:: 1998/06/14 22:15:25 $)

       DESCRIPTION

       What is Perl?

       Who supports Perl?  Who develops it?  Why is it free?

       Which version of Perl should I use?

       What are perl4 and perl5?

       How stable is Perl?

       Is Perl difficult to learn?

       How does Perl compare with other languages like Java,
            Python, REXX, Scheme, or Tcl?

       Can I do [task] in Perl?

       When shouldn't I program in Perl?

       What's the difference between """"perl"""" and
            """"Perl""""?

       Is it a Perl program or a Perl script?

       What is a JAPH?

       Where can I get a list of Larry Wall witticisms?

       How can I convince my sysadmin/supervisor/employees to use
            version (5/5.004/Perl instead of some other
            language)?

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllffaaqq22 -- OObbttaaiinniinngg aanndd LLeeaarrnniinngg aabboouutt PPeerrll (($$RReevviissiioonn::
       11..2244 $$,, $$DDaattee:: 1998/07/20 23:40:28 $)

       DESCRIPTION

       What machines support Perl?  Where do I get it?

       How can I get a binary version of Perl?

       I don't have a C compiler on my system.  How can I compile
            perl?

       I copied the Perl binary from one machine to another, but
            scripts don't work.

       I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but
            gdbm/dynamic loading/malloc/linking/... failed.  How
            do I make it work?

       What modules and extensions are available for Perl?  What
            is CPAN? What does CPAN/src/... mean?

       Is there an ISO or ANSI certified version of Perl?

       Where can I get information on Perl?

       What are the Perl newsgroups on USENET?  Where do I post
            questions?

       Where should I post source code?

       Perl Books
            References, Tutorials *Learning Perl [2nd edition] by
            Randal L. Schwartz and Tom Christiansen, Task-
            Oriented, Special Topics

       Perl in Magazines

       Perl on the Net: FTP and WWW Access

       What mailing lists are there for perl?
            MacPerl, Perl5-Porters, NTPerl, Perl-Packrats

       Archives of comp.lang.perl.misc

       Where can I buy a commercial version of Perl?

       Where do I send bug reports?

       What is perl.com?  perl.org?  The Perl Institute?

       How do I learn about object-oriented Perl programming?

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllffaaqq33 -- PPrrooggrraammmmiinngg TToooollss (($$RReevviissiioonn:: 11..2288 $$,, $$DDaattee::
       1998/07/16 22:08:49 $)

       DESCRIPTION

       How do I do (anything)?

       How can I use Perl interactively?

       Is there a Perl shell?

       How do I debug my Perl programs?

       How do I profile my Perl programs?

       How do I cross-reference my Perl programs?

       Is there a pretty-printer (formatter) for Perl?

       Is there a ctags for Perl?

       Where can I get Perl macros for vi?

       Where can I get perl-mode for emacs?

       How can I use curses with Perl?

       How can I use X or Tk with Perl?

       How can I generate simple menus without using CGI or Tk?

       What is undump?

       How can I make my Perl program run faster?

       How can I make my Perl program take less memory?

       Is it unsafe to return a pointer to local data?

       How can I free an array or hash so my program shrinks?

       How can I make my CGI script more efficient?

       How can I hide the source for my Perl program?

       How can I compile my Perl program into byte code or C?

       How can I get #!perl to work on [MS-DOS,NT,...]?

       Can I write useful perl programs on the command line?

       Why don't perl one-liners work on my DOS/Mac/VMS system?

       Where can I learn about CGI or Web programming in Perl?

       Where can I learn about object-oriented Perl programming?

       Where can I learn about linking C with Perl? [h2xs,
            xsubpp]

       I've read perlembed, perlguts, etc., but I can't embed
            perl in my C program, what am I doing wrong?

       When I tried to run my script, I got this message. What
            does it mean?

       What's MakeMaker?

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllffaaqq44 -- DDaattaa MMaanniippuullaattiioonn (($$RReevviissiioonn:: 11..2255 $$,, $$DDaattee::
       1998/07/16 22:49:55 $)

       DESCRIPTION

       Data: Numbers

       Why am I getting long decimals (eg, 19.9499999999999)
            instead of the numbers I should be getting (eg,
            19.95)?

       Why isn't my octal data interpreted correctly?

       Does perl have a round function?   What about ceil() and
            floor()? Trig functions?

       How do I convert bits into ints?

       How do I multiply matrices?

       How do I perform an operation on a series of integers?

       How can I output Roman numerals?

       Why aren't my random numbers random?

       Data: Dates

       How do I find the week-of-the-year/day-of-the-year?

       How can I compare two dates and find the difference?

       How can I take a string and turn it into epoch seconds?

       How can I find the Julian Day?

       Does Perl have a year 2000 problem?  Is Perl Y2K
            compliant?

       Data: Strings

       How do I validate input?

       How do I unescape a string?

       How do I remove consecutive pairs of characters?

       How do I expand function calls in a string?

       How do I find matching/nesting anything?

       How do I reverse a string?

       How do I expand tabs in a string?

       How do I reformat a paragraph?

       How can I access/change the first N letters of a string?

       How do I change the Nth occurrence of something?

       How can I count the number of occurrences of a substring
            within a string?

       How do I capitalize all the words on one line?

       How can I split a [character] delimited string except when
            inside [character]? (Comma-separated files)

       How do I strip blank space from the beginning/end of a
            string?

       How do I extract selected columns from a string?

       How do I find the soundex value of a string?

       How can I expand variables in text strings?

       What's wrong with always quoting """"$vars""""?

       Why don't my <<HERE documents work?
            1. There must be no space after the << part, 2. There
            (probably) should be a semicolon at the end, 3. You
            can't (easily) have any space in front of the tag

       Data: Arrays

       What is the difference between $array[1] and @array[1]?

       How can I extract just the unique elements of an array?
            a) If @in is sorted, and you want @out to be
            sorted:(this assumes all true values in the array),
            b) If you don't know whether @in is sorted:, c) Like
            (b), but @in contains only small integers:, d) A way
            to do (b) without any loops or greps:, e) Like (d),
            but @in contains only small positive integers:

       How can I tell whether a list or array contains a certain
            element?

       How do I compute the difference of two arrays?  How do I
            compute the intersection of two arrays?

       How do I find the first array element for which a
            condition is true?

       How do I handle linked lists?

       How do I handle circular lists?

       How do I shuffle an array randomly?

       How do I process/modify each element of an array?

       How do I select a random element from an array?

       How do I permute N elements of a list?

       How do I sort an array by (anything)?

       How do I manipulate arrays of bits?

       Why does defined() return true on empty arrays and hashes?

       Data: Hashes (Associative Arrays)

       How do I process an entire hash?

       What happens if I add or remove keys from a hash while
            iterating over it?

       How do I look up a hash element by value?

       How can I know how many entries are in a hash?

       How do I sort a hash (optionally by value instead of key)?

       How can I always keep my hash sorted?

       What's the difference between """"delete"""" and
            """"undef"""" with hashes?

       Why don't my tied hashes make the defined/exists
            distinction?

       How do I reset an each() operation part-way through?

       How can I get the unique keys from two hashes?

       How can I store a multidimensional array in a DBM file?

       How can I make my hash remember the order I put elements
            into it?

       Why does passing a subroutine an undefined element in a
            hash create it?

       How can I make the Perl equivalent of a C structure/C++
            class/hash or array of hashes or arrays?

       How can I use a reference as a hash key?

       Data: Misc

       How do I handle binary data correctly?

       How do I determine whether a scalar is a
            number/whole/integer/float?

       How do I keep persistent data across program calls?

       How do I print out or copy a recursive data structure?

       How do I define methods for every class/object?

       How do I verify a credit card checksum?

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllffaaqq55 -- FFiilleess aanndd FFoorrmmaattss (($$RReevviissiioonn:: 11..2244 $$,, $$DDaattee::
       1998/07/05 15:07:20 $)

       DESCRIPTION

       How do I flush/unbuffer an output filehandle?  Why must I
            do this?

       How do I change one line in a file/delete a line in a
            file/insert a line in the middle of a file/append to
            the beginning of a file?

       How do I count the number of lines in a file?

       How do I make a temporary file name?

       How can I manipulate fixed-record-length files?

       How can I make a filehandle local to a subroutine?  How do
            I pass filehandles between subroutines?  How do I
            make an array of filehandles?

       How can I use a filehandle indirectly?

       How can I set up a footer format to be used with write()?

       How can I write() into a string?

       How can I output my numbers with commas added?

       How can I translate tildes (~) in a filename?

       How come when I open a file read-write it wipes it out?

       Why do I sometimes get an """"Argument list too long""""
            when I use <*>?

       Is there a leak/bug in glob()?

       How can I open a file with a leading """">"""" or trailing
            blanks?

       How can I reliably rename a file?

       How can I lock a file?

       What can't I just open(FH, """">file.lock")?

       I still don't get locking.  I just want to increment the
            number in the file.  How can I do this?

       How do I randomly update a binary file?

       How do I get a file's timestamp in perl?

       How do I set a file's timestamp in perl?

       How do I print to more than one file at once?

       How can I read in a file by paragraphs?

       How can I read a single character from a file?  From the
            keyboard?

       How can I tell if there's a character waiting on a
            filehandle?

       How do I do a tail -f in perl?

       How do I dup() a filehandle in Perl?

       How do I close a file descriptor by number?

       Why can't I use """"C:\temp\foo"""" in DOS paths?  What
            doesn't `C:\temp\foo.exe` work?

       Why doesn't glob'*.*' get all the files?

       Why does Perl let me delete read-only files?  Why does -i
            clobber protected files?  Isn't this a bug in Perl?

       How do I select a random line from a file?

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllffaaqq66 -- RReeggeexxppss (($$RReevviissiioonn:: 11..2222 $$,, $$DDaattee:: 1998/07/16
       14:01:07 $)

       DESCRIPTION

       How can I hope to use regular expressions without creating
            illegible and unmaintainable code?
            Comments Outside the Regexp, Comments Inside the
            Regexp, Different Delimiters

       I'm having trouble matching over more than one line.
            What's wrong?

       How can I pull out lines between two patterns that are
            themselves on different lines?

       I put a regular expression into $/ but it didn't work.
            What's wrong?

       How do I substitute case insensitively on the LHS, but
            preserving case on the RHS?

       How can I make \w match national character sets?

       How can I match a locale-smart version of /[a-zA-Z]/?

       How can I quote a variable to use in a regexp?

       What is /o really for?

       How do I use a regular expression to strip C style
            comments from a file?

       Can I use Perl regular expressions to match balanced text?

       What does it mean that regexps are greedy?  How can I get
            around it?

       How do I process each word on each line?

       How can I print out a word-frequency or line-frequency
            summary?

       How can I do approximate matching?

       How do I efficiently match many regular expressions at
            once?

       Why don't word-boundary searches with \b work for me?

       Why does using $&, $`, or $' slow my program down?

       What good is \G in a regular expression?

       Are Perl regexps DFAs or NFAs?  Are they POSIX compliant?

       What's wrong with using grep or map in a void context?

       How can I match strings with multibyte characters?

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllffaaqq77 -- PPeerrll LLaanngguuaaggee IIssssuueess (($$RReevviissiioonn:: 11..2211 $$,, $$DDaattee::
       1998/06/22 15:20:07 $)

       DESCRIPTION

       Can I get a BNF/yacc/RE for the Perl language?

       What are all these $@%* punctuation signs, and how do I
            know when to use them?

       Do I always/never have to quote my strings or use
            semicolons and commas?

       How do I skip some return values?

       How do I temporarily block warnings?

       What's an extension?

       Why do Perl operators have different precedence than C
            operators?

       How do I declare/create a structure?

       How do I create a module?

       How do I create a class?

       How can I tell if a variable is tainted?

       What's a closure?

       What is variable suicide and how can I prevent it?

       How can I pass/return a {Function, FileHandle, Array,
            Hash, Method, Regexp}?
            Passing Variables and Functions, Passing Filehandles,
            Passing Regexps, Passing Methods

       How do I create a static variable?

       What's the difference between dynamic and lexical (static)
            scoping? Between local() and my()?

       How can I access a dynamic variable while a similarly
            named lexical is in scope?

       What's the difference between deep and shallow binding?

       Why doesn't """"my($foo) = <FILE>;"""" work right?

       How do I redefine a builtin function, operator, or method?

       What's the difference between calling a function as &foo
            and foo()?

       How do I create a switch or case statement?

       How can I catch accesses to undefined
            variables/functions/methods?

       Why can't a method included in this same file be found?

       How can I find out my current package?

       How can I comment out a large block of perl code?

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllffaaqq88 -- SSyysstteemm IInntteerraaccttiioonn (($$RReevviissiioonn:: 11..2255 $$,, $$DDaattee::
       1998/07/05 15:07:20 $)

       DESCRIPTION

       How do I find out which operating system I'm running
            under?

       How come exec() doesn't return?

       How do I do fancy stuff with the keyboard/screen/mouse?
            Keyboard, Screen, Mouse

       How do I print something out in color?

       How do I read just one key without waiting for a return
            key?

       How do I check whether input is ready on the keyboard?

       How do I clear the screen?

       How do I get the screen size?

       How do I ask the user for a password?

       How do I read and write the serial port?
            lockfiles, open mode, end of line, flushing output,
            non-blocking input

       How do I decode encrypted password files?

       How do I start a process in the background?
            STDIN, STDOUT, and STDERR are shared, Signals,
            Zombies

       How do I trap control characters/signals?

       How do I modify the shadow password file on a Unix system?

       How do I set the time and date?

       How can I sleep() or alarm() for under a second?

       How can I measure time under a second?

       How can I do an atexit() or setjmp()/longjmp()? (Exception
            handling)

       Why doesn't my sockets program work under System V
            (Solaris)? What does the error message """"Protocol
            not supported"""" mean?

       How can I call my system's unique C functions from Perl?

       Where do I get the include files to do ioctl() or
            syscall()?

       Why do setuid perl scripts complain about kernel problems?

       How can I open a pipe both to and from a command?

       Why can't I get the output of a command with system()?

       How can I capture STDERR from an external command?

       Why doesn't open() return an error when a pipe open fails?

       What's wrong with using backticks in a void context?

       How can I call backticks without shell processing?

       Why can't my script read from STDIN after I gave it EOF
            (^D on Unix, ^Z on MS-DOS)?

       How can I convert my shell script to perl?

       Can I use perl to run a telnet or ftp session?

       How can I write expect in Perl?

       Is there a way to hide perl's command line from programs
            such as """"ps""""?

       I {changed directory, modified my environment} in a perl
            script. How come the change disappeared when I exited
            the script? How do I get my changes to be visible?
            Unix

       How do I close a process's filehandle without waiting for
            it to complete?

       How do I fork a daemon process?

       How do I make my program run with sh and csh?

       How do I find out if I'm running interactively or not?

       How do I timeout a slow event?

       How do I set CPU limits?

       How do I avoid zombies on a Unix system?

       How do I use an SQL database?

       How do I make a system() exit on control-C?

       How do I open a file without blocking?

       How do I install a CPAN module?

       What's the difference between require and use?

       How do I keep my own module/library directory?

       How do I add the directory my program lives in to the
            module/library search path?

       How do I add a directory to my include path at runtime?

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllffaaqq99 -- NNeettwwoorrkkiinngg (($$RReevviissiioonn:: 11..2200 $$,, $$DDaattee::
       1998/06/22 18:31:09 $)

       DESCRIPTION

       My CGI script runs from the command line but not the
            browser. (500 Server Error)

       How can I get better error messages from a CGI program?

       How do I remove HTML from a string?

       How do I extract URLs?

       How do I download a file from the user's machine?  How do
            I open a file on another machine?

       How do I make a pop-up menu in HTML?

       How do I fetch an HTML file?

       How do I automate an HTML form submission?

       How do I decode or create those %-encodings on the web?

       How do I redirect to another page?

       How do I put a password on my web pages?

       How do I edit my .htpasswd and .htgroup files with Perl?

       How do I make sure users can't enter values into a form
            that cause my CGI script to do bad things?

       How do I parse a mail header?

       How do I decode a CGI form?

       How do I check a valid mail address?

       How do I decode a MIME/BASE64 string?

       How do I return the user's mail address?

       How do I send mail?

       How do I read mail?

       How do I find out my hostname/domainname/IP address?

       How do I fetch a news article or the active newsgroups?

       How do I fetch/put an FTP file?

       How can I do RPC in Perl?

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllddeellttaa -- wwhhaatt''ss nneeww ffoorr ppeerrll55..000055

       DESCRIPTION

       About the new versioning system

       Incompatible Changes

       WARNING:  This version is not binary compatible with Perl
            5.004.

       Default installation structure has changed

       Perl Source Compatibility

       C Source Compatibility
            Core sources now require ANSI C compiler, All Perl
            global variables must now be referenced with an
            explicit prefix, Enabling threads has source
            compatibility issues

       Binary Compatibility

       Security fixes may affect compatibility

       Relaxed new mandatory warnings introduced in 5.004

       Licensing

       Core Changes

       Threads

       Compiler

       Regular Expressions
            Many new and improved optimizations, Many bug fixes,
            New regular expression constructs, New operator for
            precompiled regular expressions, Other improvements,
            Incompatible changes

       Improved malloc()

       Quicksort is internally implemented

       Reliable signals

       Reliable stack pointers

       More generous treatment of carriage returns

       Memory leaks

       Better support for multiple interpreters

       Behavior of local() on array and hash elements is now
            well- defined

       %! is transparently tied to the the Errno manpage module

       Pseudo-hashes are supported

       EXPR foreach EXPR is supported

       Keywords can be globally overridden

       $^E is meaningful on Win32

       foreach (1..1000000) optimized

       Foo:: can be used as implicitly quoted package name

       exists $Foo::{Bar::} tests existence of a package

       Better locale support

       Experimental support for 64-bit platforms

       prototype() returns useful results on builtins

       Extended support for exception handling

       Re-blessing in DESTROY() supported for chaining DESTROY()
            methods

       All printf format conversions are handled internally

       New INIT keyword

       New lock keyword

       New qr// operator

       our is now a reserved word

       Tied arrays are now fully supported

       Tied handles support is better

       4th argument to substr

       Negative LENGTH argument to splice

       Magic lvalues are now more magical

       <> now reads in records

       Supported Platforms

       New Platforms

       Changes in existing support

       Modules and Pragmata

       New Modules
            B, Data::Dumper, Errno, File::Spec,
            ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Packlist, Fatal,
            IPC::SysV, Test, Tie::Array, Tie::Handle, Thread,
            attrs, fields, re

       Changes in existing modules
            CGI, POSIX, DB_File, MakeMaker, CPAN, Cwd, Benchmark

       Utility Changes

       Documentation Changes

       New Diagnostics
       Ambiguous call resolved as CORE::%s(), qualify as such or
       use &, Bad index while coercing array into hash, Bareword
       "%s" refers to nonexistent package, Can't call method "%s"
       on an undefined value, Can't coerce array into hash, Can't
       goto subroutine from an eval-string, Can't localize
       pseudo-hash element, Can't use %%! because Errno.pm is not
       available, Cannot find an opnumber for "%s", Character
       class syntax [. .] is reserved for future extensions,
       Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future
       extensions, Character class syntax [= =] is reserved for
       future extensions, %s: Eval-group in insecure regular
       expression, %s: Eval-group not allowed, use re 'eval', %s:
       Eval-group not allowed at run time, Explicit blessing to
       '' (assuming package main), Illegal hex digit ignored, No
       such array field, No such field "%s" in variable %s of
       type %s, Out of memory during ridiculously large request,
       Range iterator outside integer range, Recursive
       inheritance detected while looking for method '%s' in
       package '%s', Reference found where even-sized list
       expected, Undefined value assigned to typeglob, Use of
       reserved word "%s" is deprecated, perl: warning: Setting
       locale failed

       Obsolete Diagnostics
       Can't mktemp(), Can't write to temp file for --ee: %s,
       Cannot open temporary file

       BUGS

       SEE ALSO

       HISTORY

       ppeerrllddaattaa -- PPeerrll ddaattaa ttyyppeess

       DESCRIPTION

       Variable names

       Context

       Scalar values

       Scalar value constructors

       List value constructors

       Typeglobs and Filehandles

       ppeerrllssyynn -- PPeerrll ssyynnttaaxx

       DESCRIPTION

       Declarations

       Simple statements

       Compound statements

       Loop Control

       For Loops

       Foreach Loops

       Basic BLOCKs and Switch Statements

       Goto

       PODs: Embedded Documentation

       Plain Old Comments (Not!)

       ppeerrlloopp -- PPeerrll ooppeerraattoorrss aanndd pprreecceeddeennccee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Terms and List Operators (Leftward)

       The Arrow Operator

       Auto-increment and Auto-decrement

       Exponentiation

       Symbolic Unary Operators

       Binding Operators

       Multiplicative Operators

       Additive Operators

       Shift Operators

       Named Unary Operators

       Relational Operators

       Equality Operators

       Bitwise And

       Bitwise Or and Exclusive Or

       C-style Logical And

       C-style Logical Or

       Range Operators

       Conditional Operator

       Assignment Operators

       Comma Operator

       List Operators (Rightward)

       Logical Not

       Logical And

       Logical or and Exclusive Or

       C Operators Missing From Perl
            unary &, unary *, (TYPE)

       Quote and Quote-like Operators

       Regexp Quote-Like Operators
            ?PATTERN?, m/PATTERN/cgimosx, /PATTERN/cgimosx,
            q/STRING/, 'STRING', qq/STRING/, "STRING",
            qr/STRING/imosx, qx/STRING/, `STRING`, qw/STRING/,
            s/PATTERN/REPLACEMENT/egimosx,
            tr/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cds,
            y/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cds

       Gory details of parsing quoted constructs
            Finding the end, Removal of backslashes before
            delimiters, Interpolation, <<'EOF', m'', s''', tr///,
            y///, '', q//, "", ``, qq//, qx//, <file*glob>, ?RE?,
            /RE/, m/RE/, s/RE/foo/,, Interpolation of regular
            expressions, Optimization of regular expressions

       I/O Operators

       Constant Folding

       Bitwise String Operators

       Integer Arithmetic

       Floating-point Arithmetic

       Bigger Numbers

       ppeerrllrree -- PPeerrll rreegguullaarr eexxpprreessssiioonnss

       DESCRIPTION
       i, m, s, x

       Regular Expressions
            (?#text), (?:pattern), (?imsx-imsx:pattern),
            (?=pattern), (?!pattern), (?<=pattern), (?<!pattern),
            (?{ code }), (?>pattern), (?(condition)yes-
            pattern|no-pattern), (?(condition)yes-pattern),
            (?imsx-imsx)

       Backtracking

       Version 8 Regular Expressions

       WARNING on \1 vs $1

       Repeated patterns matching zero-length substring

       Creating custom RE engines

       SEE ALSO

       ppeerrllrruunn -- hhooww ttoo eexxeeccuuttee tthhee PPeerrll iinntteerrpprreetteerr

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       #! and quoting on non-Unix systems
            OS/2, MS-DOS, Win95/NT, Macintosh

       Location of Perl

       Switches
            --00[digits], --aa, --cc, --dd, --dd::foo, --DDletters, --DDnumber,
            --ee commandline, --FFpattern, --hh, --ii[extension],
            --IIdirectory, --ll[octnum], --mm[--]module, --MM[--]module,
            --MM[--]'module ...', --[[mmMM]][--]module=arg[,arg]..., --nn,
            --pp, --PP, --ss, --SS, --TT, --uu, --UU, --vv, --VV, --VV::name, --ww, --xx
            directory

       ENVIRONMENT
       HOME, LOGDIR, PATH, PERL5LIB, PERL5OPT, PERLLIB, PERL5DB,
       PERL5SHELL (specific to WIN32 port), PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS,
       PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL

       ppeerrllffuunncc -- PPeerrll bbuuiillttiinn ffuunnccttiioonnss

       DESCRIPTION

       Perl Functions by Category
            Functions for SCALARs or strings, Regular expressions
            and pattern matching, Numeric functions, Functions
            for real @ARRAYs, Functions for list data, Functions
            for real %HASHes, Input and output functions,
            Functions for fixed length data or records, Functions
            for filehandles, files, or directories, Keywords
            related to the control flow of your perl program,
            Keywords related to scoping, Miscellaneous functions,
            Functions for processes and process groups, Keywords
            related to perl modules, Keywords related to classes
            and object-orientedness, Low-level socket functions,
            System V interprocess communication functions,
            Fetching user and group info, Fetching network info,
            Time-related functions, Functions new in perl5,
            Functions obsoleted in perl5

       Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
            -X FILEHANDLE, -X EXPR, -X, abs VALUE, abs, accept
            NEWSOCKET,GENERICSOCKET, alarm SECONDS, alarm, atan2
            Y,X, bind SOCKET,NAME, binmode FILEHANDLE, bless
            REF,CLASSNAME, bless REF, caller EXPR, caller, chdir
            EXPR, chmod LIST, chomp VARIABLE, chomp LIST, chomp,
            chop VARIABLE, chop LIST, chop, chown LIST, chr
            NUMBER, chr, chroot FILENAME, chroot, close
            FILEHANDLE, close, closedir DIRHANDLE, connect
            SOCKET,NAME, continue BLOCK, cos EXPR, crypt
            PLAINTEXT,SALT, dbmclose HASH, dbmopen
            HASH,DBNAME,MODE, defined EXPR, defined, delete EXPR,
            die LIST, do BLOCK, do SUBROUTINE(LIST), do EXPR,
            dump LABEL, each HASH, eof FILEHANDLE, eof (), eof,
            eval EXPR, eval BLOCK, exec LIST, exec PROGRAM LIST,
            exists EXPR, exit EXPR, exp EXPR, exp, fcntl
            FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, fileno FILEHANDLE, flock
            FILEHANDLE,OPERATION, fork, format, formline
            PICTURE,LIST, getc FILEHANDLE, getc, getlogin,
            getpeername SOCKET, getpgrp PID, getppid, getpriority
            WHICH,WHO, getpwnam NAME, getgrnam NAME,
            gethostbyname NAME, getnetbyname NAME, getprotobyname
            NAME, getpwuid UID, getgrgid GID, getservbyname
            NAME,PROTO, gethostbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getnetbyaddr
            ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getprotobynumber NUMBER, getservbyport
            PORT,PROTO, getpwent, getgrent, gethostent,
            getnetent, getprotoent, getservent, setpwent,
            setgrent, sethostent STAYOPEN, setnetent STAYOPEN,
            setprotoent STAYOPEN, setservent STAYOPEN, endpwent,
            endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent,
            endservent, getsockname SOCKET, getsockopt
            SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME, glob EXPR, glob, gmtime EXPR,
            goto LABEL, goto EXPR, goto &NAME, grep BLOCK LIST,
            grep EXPR,LIST, hex EXPR, hex, import, index
            STR,SUBSTR,POSITION, index STR,SUBSTR, int EXPR, int,
            ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, join EXPR,LIST,
            keys HASH, kill LIST, last LABEL, last, lc EXPR, lc,
            lcfirst EXPR, lcfirst, length EXPR, length, link
            OLDFILE,NEWFILE, listen SOCKET,QUEUESIZE, local EXPR,
            localtime EXPR, log EXPR, log, lstat FILEHANDLE,
            lstat EXPR, lstat, m//, map BLOCK LIST, map
            EXPR,LIST, mkdir FILENAME,MODE, msgctl ID,CMD,ARG,
            msgget KEY,FLAGS, msgsnd ID,MSG,FLAGS, msgrcv
            ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS, my EXPR, next LABEL, next, no
            Module LIST, oct EXPR, oct, open FILEHANDLE,EXPR,
            open FILEHANDLE, opendir DIRHANDLE,EXPR, ord EXPR,
            ord, pack TEMPLATE,LIST, package, package NAMESPACE,
            pipe READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE, pop ARRAY, pop, pos
            SCALAR, pos, print FILEHANDLE LIST, print LIST,
            print, printf FILEHANDLE FORMAT, LIST, printf FORMAT,
            LIST, prototype FUNCTION, push ARRAY,LIST, q/STRING/,
            qq/STRING/, qr/STRING/, qx/STRING/, qw/STRING/,
            quotemeta EXPR, quotemeta, rand EXPR, rand, read
            FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET, read
            FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, readdir DIRHANDLE, readline
            EXPR, readlink EXPR, readlink, readpipe EXPR, recv
            SOCKET,SCALAR,LEN,FLAGS, redo LABEL, redo, ref EXPR,
            ref, rename OLDNAME,NEWNAME, require EXPR, require,
            reset EXPR, reset, return EXPR, return, reverse LIST,
            rewinddir DIRHANDLE, rindex STR,SUBSTR,POSITION,
            rindex STR,SUBSTR, rmdir FILENAME, rmdir, s///,
            scalar EXPR, seek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE, seekdir
            DIRHANDLE,POS, select FILEHANDLE, select, select
            RBITS,WBITS,EBITS,TIMEOUT, semctl ID,SEMNUM,CMD,ARG,
            semget KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS, semop KEY,OPSTRING, send
            SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS,TO, send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS, setpgrp
            PID,PGRP, setpriority WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY, setsockopt
            SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL, shift ARRAY, shift,
            shmctl ID,CMD,ARG, shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS, shmread
            ID,VAR,POS,SIZE, shmwrite ID,STRING,POS,SIZE,
            shutdown SOCKET,HOW, sin EXPR, sin, sleep EXPR,
            sleep, socket SOCKET,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL, socketpair
            SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL, sort SUBNAME
            LIST, sort BLOCK LIST, sort LIST, splice
            ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH,LIST, splice ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH,
            splice ARRAY,OFFSET, split /PATTERN/,EXPR,LIMIT,
            split /PATTERN/,EXPR, split /PATTERN/, split, sprintf
            FORMAT, LIST, sqrt EXPR, sqrt, srand EXPR, srand,
            stat FILEHANDLE, stat EXPR, stat, study SCALAR,
            study, sub BLOCK, sub NAME, sub NAME BLOCK, substr
            EXPR,OFFSET,LEN,REPLACEMENT, substr EXPR,OFFSET,LEN,
            substr EXPR,OFFSET, symlink OLDFILE,NEWFILE, syscall
            LIST, sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE, sysopen
            FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE,PERMS, sysread
            FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET, sysread
            FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, sysseek
            FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE, system LIST, system
            PROGRAM LIST, syswrite
            FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET, syswrite
            FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, tell FILEHANDLE, tell,
            telldir DIRHANDLE, tie VARIABLE,CLASSNAME,LIST, tied
            VARIABLE, time, times, tr///, truncate
            FILEHANDLE,LENGTH, truncate EXPR,LENGTH, uc EXPR, uc,
            ucfirst EXPR, ucfirst, umask EXPR, umask, undef EXPR,
            undef, unlink LIST, unlink, unpack TEMPLATE,EXPR,
            untie VARIABLE, unshift ARRAY,LIST, use Module LIST,
            use Module, use Module VERSION LIST, use VERSION,
            utime LIST, values HASH, vec EXPR,OFFSET,BITS, wait,
            waitpid PID,FLAGS, wantarray, warn LIST, write
            FILEHANDLE, write EXPR, write, y///

       ppeerrllvvaarr -- PPeerrll pprreeddeeffiinneedd vvaarriiaabblleess

       DESCRIPTION

       Predefined Names
            $ARG, $_, $<digits>, $MATCH, $&, $PREMATCH, $`,
            $POSTMATCH, $', $LAST_PAREN_MATCH, $+,
            $MULTILINE_MATCHING, $*, input_line_number HANDLE
            EXPR, $INPUT_LINE_NUMBER, $NR, $,
            input_record_separator HANDLE EXPR,
            $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $RS, $/, autoflush HANDLE
            EXPR, $OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH, $|, output_field_separator
            HANDLE EXPR, $OUTPUT_FIELD_SEPARATOR, $OFS, $,,
            output_record_separator HANDLE EXPR,
            $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $ORS, $\, $LIST_SEPARATOR,
            $", $SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR, $SUBSEP, $;, $OFMT, $#,
            format_page_number HANDLE EXPR, $FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER,
            $%, format_lines_per_page HANDLE EXPR,
            $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE, $=, format_lines_left HANDLE
            EXPR, $FORMAT_LINES_LEFT, $-, format_name HANDLE
            EXPR, $FORMAT_NAME, $~, format_top_name HANDLE EXPR,
            $FORMAT_TOP_NAME, $^, format_line_break_characters
            HANDLE EXPR, $FORMAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS, $:,
            format_formfeed HANDLE EXPR, $FORMAT_FORMFEED, $^L,
            $ACCUMULATOR, $^A, $CHILD_ERROR, $?, $OS_ERROR,
            $ERRNO, $!, $EXTENDED_OS_ERROR, $^E, $EVAL_ERROR, $@,
            $PROCESS_ID, $PID, $$, $REAL_USER_ID, $UID, $<,
            $EFFECTIVE_USER_ID, $EUID, $>, $REAL_GROUP_ID, $GID,
            $(, $EFFECTIVE_GROUP_ID, $EGID, $), $PROGRAM_NAME,
            $0, $[, $PERL_VERSION, $], $DEBUGGING, $^D,
            $SYSTEM_FD_MAX, $^F, $^H, $INPLACE_EDIT, $^I, $^M,
            $OSNAME, $^O, $PERLDB, $^P, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08,
            0x10, 0x20, $^R, $^S, $BASETIME, $^T, $WARNING, $^W,
            $EXECUTABLE_NAME, $^X, $ARGV, @ARGV, @INC, @_, %INC,
            %ENV  $ENV{expr}, %SIG  $SIG{expr}

       Error Indicators

       ppeerrllssuubb -- PPeerrll ssuubbrroouuttiinneess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Private Variables via my()

       Persistent Private Variables

       Temporary Values via local()

       Passing Symbol Table Entries (typeglobs)

       When to Still Use local()
            1. You need to give a global variable a temporary
            value, especially $_, 2. You need to create a local
            file or directory handle or a local function, 3. You
            want to temporarily change just one element of an
            array or hash

       Pass by Reference

       Prototypes

       Constant Functions

       Overriding Builtin Functions

       Autoloading

       SEE ALSO

       ppeerrllmmoodd -- PPeerrll mmoodduulleess ((ppaacckkaaggeess aanndd ssyymmbbooll ttaabblleess))

       DESCRIPTION

       Packages

       Symbol Tables

       Package Constructors and Destructors

       Perl Classes

       Perl Modules

       SEE ALSO

       ppeerrllmmooddlliibb -- ccoonnssttrruuccttiinngg nneeww PPeerrll mmoodduulleess aanndd ffiinnddiinngg
       eexxiissttiinngg oonneess

       DESCRIPTION

       THE PERL MODULE LIBRARY

       Pragmatic Modules
            use autouse MODULE => qw(sub1 sub2 sub3), blib,
            diagnostics, integer, less, lib, locale, ops,
            overload, re, sigtrap, strict, subs, vmsish, vars

       Standard Modules
            AnyDBM_File, AutoLoader, AutoSplit, Benchmark, CPAN,
            CPAN::FirstTime, CPAN::Nox, Carp, Class::Struct,
            Config, Cwd, DB_File, Devel::SelfStubber, DirHandle,
            DynaLoader, English, Env, Exporter, ExtUtils::Embed,
            ExtUtils::Install, ExtUtils::Liblist,
            ExtUtils::MM_OS2, ExtUtils::MM_Unix,
            ExtUtils::MM_VMS, ExtUtils::MakeMaker,
            ExtUtils::Manifest, ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap,
            ExtUtils::Mksymlists, ExtUtils::testlib, Fatal,
            Fcntl, File::Basename, File::CheckTree,
            File::Compare, File::Copy, File::Find, File::Path,
            File::stat, FileCache, FileHandle, FindBin,
            GDBM_File, Getopt::Long, Getopt::Std, I18N::Collate,
            IO, IO::File, IO::Handle, IO::Pipe, IO::Seekable,
            IO::Select, IO::Socket, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3,
            Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex,
            Math::Trig, NDBM_File, Net::Ping, Net::hostent,
            Net::netent, Net::protoent, Net::servent, Opcode,
            Pod::Text, POSIX, SDBM_File, Safe, Search::Dict,
            SelectSaver, SelfLoader, Shell, Socket, Symbol,
            Sys::Hostname, Sys::Syslog, Term::Cap,
            Term::Complete, Term::ReadLine, Test::Harness,
            Text::Abbrev, Text::ParseWords, Text::Soundex,
            Text::Tabs, Text::Wrap, Tie::Hash, Tie::RefHash,
            Tie::Scalar, Tie::SubstrHash, Time::Local,
            Time::gmtime, Time::localtime, Time::tm, UNIVERSAL,
            User::grent, User::pwent

       Extension Modules

       CPAN
       Language Extensions and Documentation Tools, Development
       Support, Operating System Interfaces, Networking, Device
       Control (modems) and InterProcess Communication, Data
       Types and Data Type Utilities, Database Interfaces, User
       Interfaces, Interfaces to / Emulations of Other
       Programming Languages, File Names, File Systems and File
       Locking (see also File Handles), String Processing,
       Language Text Processing, Parsing, and Searching, Option,
       Argument, Parameter, and Configuration File Processing,
       Internationalization and Locale, Authentication, Security,
       and Encryption, World Wide Web, HTML, HTTP, CGI, MIME,
       Server and Daemon Utilities, Archiving and Compression,
       Images, Pixmap and Bitmap Manipulation, Drawing, and
       Graphing, Mail and Usenet News, Control Flow Utilities
       (callbacks and exceptions etc), File Handle and
       Input/Output Stream Utilities, Miscellaneous Modules,
       Africa, Asia, Australasia, Europe, North America, South
       America

       Modules: Creation, Use, and Abuse

       Guidelines for Module Creation
            Do similar modules already exist in some form?, Try
            to design the new module to be easy to extend and
            reuse, Some simple style guidelines, Select what to
            export, Select a name for the module, Have you got it
            right?, README and other Additional Files, A
            description of the module/package/extension etc, A
            copyright notice - see below, Prerequisites - what
            else you may need to have, How to build it - possible
            changes to Makefile.PL etc, How to install it, Recent
            changes in this release, especially
            incompatibilities, Changes / enhancements you plan to
            make in the future, Adding a Copyright Notice, Give
            the module a version/issue/release number, How to
            release and distribute a module, Take care when
            changing a released module

       Guidelines for Converting Perl 4 Library Scripts into
            Modules
            There is no requirement to convert anything, Consider
            the implications, Make the most of the opportunity,
            The pl2pm utility will get you started, Adds the
            standard Module prologue lines, Converts package
            specifiers from ' to ::, Converts die(...) to
            croak(...), Several other minor changes

       Guidelines for Reusing Application Code
            Complete applications rarely belong in the Perl
            Module Library, Many applications contain some Perl
            code that could be reused, Break-out the reusable
            code into one or more separate module files, Take the
            opportunity to reconsider and redesign the
            interfaces, In some cases the 'application' can then
            be reduced to a small

       NOTE

       ppeerrllmmooddiinnssttaallll -- IInnssttaalllliinngg CCPPAANN MMoodduulleess

       DESCRIPTION

       PREAMBLE
            DDEECCOOMMPPRREESSSS the file, UUNNPPAACCKK the file into a
            directory, BBUUIILLDD the module (sometimes unnecessary),
            IINNSSTTAALLLL the module

       HEY

       AUTHOR

       COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllffoorrmm -- PPeerrll ffoorrmmaattss

       DESCRIPTION

       Format Variables

       NOTES

       Footers

       Accessing Formatting Internals

       WARNINGS

       ppeerrllllooccaallee -- PPeerrll llooccaallee hhaannddlliinngg ((iinntteerrnnaattiioonnaalliizzaattiioonn
       aanndd llooccaalliizzaattiioonn))

       DESCRIPTION

       PREPARING TO USE LOCALES

       USING LOCALES

       The use locale pragma

       The setlocale function

       Finding locales

       LOCALE PROBLEMS

       Temporarily fixing locale problems

       Permanently fixing locale problems

       Permanently fixing your locale configuration

       Permanently fixing system locale configuration

       The localeconv function

       LOCALE CATEGORIES

       Category LC_COLLATE: Collation

       Category LC_CTYPE: Character Types

       Category LC_NUMERIC: Numeric Formatting

       Category LC_MONETARY: Formatting of monetary amounts

       LC_TIME

       Other categories

       SECURITY
       CCoommppaarriissoonn ooppeerraattoorrss (lt, le, ge, gt and cmp):, CCaassee--
       mmaappppiinngg iinntteerrppoollaattiioonn (with \l, \L, \u or \U), MMaattcchhiinngg
       ooppeerraattoorr (m//):, SSuubbssttiittuuttiioonn ooppeerraattoorr (s///):, IInn--mmeemmoorryy
       ffoorrmmaattttiinngg ffuunnccttiioonn (sprintf()):, OOuuttppuutt ffoorrmmaattttiinngg
       ffuunnccttiioonnss (printf() and write()):, CCaassee--mmaappppiinngg ffuunnccttiioonnss
       (lc(), lcfirst(), uc(), ucfirst()):, PPOOSSIIXX llooccaallee--
       ddeeppeennddeenntt ffuunnccttiioonnss (localeconv(), strcoll(),strftime(),
       strxfrm()):, PPOOSSIIXX cchhaarraacctteerr ccllaassss tteessttss (isalnum(),
       isalpha(), isdigit(),isgraph(), islower(), isprint(),
       ispunct(), isspace(), isupper(), isxdigit()):

       ENVIRONMENT
       PERL_BADLANG, LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_COLLATE, LC_MONETARY,
       LC_NUMERIC, LC_TIME, LANG

       NOTES

       Backward compatibility

       I18N:Collate obsolete

       Sort speed and memory use impacts

       write() and LC_NUMERIC

       Freely available locale definitions

       I18n and l10n

       An imperfect standard

       BUGS

       Broken systems

       SEE ALSO

       HISTORY

       ppeerrllrreeff -- PPeerrll rreeffeerreenncceess aanndd nneesstteedd ddaattaa ssttrruuccttuurreess

       DESCRIPTION

       Making References

       Using References

       Symbolic references

       Not-so-symbolic references

       Pseudo-hashes: Using an array as a hash

       Function Templates

       WARNING

       SEE ALSO

       ppeerrllddsscc -- PPeerrll DDaattaa SSttrruuccttuurreess CCooookkbbooookk

       DESCRIPTION
       arrays of arrays, hashes of arrays, arrays of hashes,
       hashes of hashes, more elaborate constructs

       REFERENCES

       COMMON MISTAKES

       CAVEAT ON PRECEDENCE

       WHY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS use strict

       DEBUGGING

       CODE EXAMPLES

       LISTS OF LISTS

       Declaration of a LIST OF LISTS

       Generation of a LIST OF LISTS

       Access and Printing of a LIST OF LISTS

       HASHES OF LISTS

       Declaration of a HASH OF LISTS

       Generation of a HASH OF LISTS

       Access and Printing of a HASH OF LISTS

       LISTS OF HASHES

       Declaration of a LIST OF HASHES

       Generation of a LIST OF HASHES

       Access and Printing of a LIST OF HASHES

       HASHES OF HASHES

       Declaration of a HASH OF HASHES

       Generation of a HASH OF HASHES

       Access and Printing of a HASH OF HASHES

       MORE ELABORATE RECORDS

       Declaration of MORE ELABORATE RECORDS

       Declaration of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS

       Generation of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS

       Database Ties

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       ppeerrllllooll,, ppeerrllLLooLL -- MMaanniippuullaattiinngg LLiissttss ooff LLiissttss iinn PPeerrll

       DESCRIPTION

       Declaration and Access of Lists of Lists

       Growing Your Own

       Access and Printing

       Slices

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       ppeerrllttoooott -- TToomm''ss oobbjjeecctt--oorriieenntteedd ttuuttoorriiaall ffoorr ppeerrll

       DESCRIPTION

       Creating a Class

       Object Representation

       Class Interface

       Constructors and Instance Methods

       Planning for the Future: Better Constructors

       Destructors

       Other Object Methods

       Class Data

       Accessing Class Data

       Debugging Methods

       Class Destructors

       Documenting the Interface

       Aggregation

       Inheritance

       Overridden Methods

       Multiple Inheritance

       UNIVERSAL: The Root of All Objects

       Alternate Object Representations

       Arrays as Objects

       Closures as Objects

       AUTOLOAD: Proxy Methods

       Autoloaded Data Methods

       Inherited Autoloaded Data Methods

       Metaclassical Tools

       Class::Struct

       Data Members as Variables

       NOTES

       Object Terminology

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

       COPYRIGHT

       Acknowledgments

       ppeerrlloobbjj -- PPeerrll oobbjjeeccttss

       DESCRIPTION

       An Object is Simply a Reference

       A Class is Simply a Package

       A Method is Simply a Subroutine

       Method Invocation

       Default UNIVERSAL methods
            isa(CLASS), can(METHOD), VERSION( [NEED] )

       Destructors

       WARNING

       Summary

       Two-Phased Garbage Collection

       SEE ALSO

       ppeerrllttiiee -- hhooww ttoo hhiiddee aann oobbjjeecctt ccllaassss iinn aa ssiimmppllee vvaarriiaabbllee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Tying Scalars
            TIESCALAR classname, LIST, FETCH this, STORE this,
            value, DESTROY this

       Tying Arrays
            TIEARRAY classname, LIST, FETCH this, index, STORE
            this, index, value, DESTROY this

       Tying Hashes
            USER, HOME, CLOBBER, LIST, TIEHASH classname, LIST,
            FETCH this, key, STORE this, key, value, DELETE this,
            key, CLEAR this, EXISTS this, key, FIRSTKEY this,
            NEXTKEY this, lastkey, DESTROY this

       Tying FileHandles
            TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, WRITE this, LIST, PRINT
            this, LIST, PRINTF this, LIST, READ this, LIST,
            READLINE this, GETC this, CLOSE this, DESTROY this

       The untie Gotcha

       SEE ALSO

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       ppeerrllbboott -- BBaagg''oo OObbjjeecctt TTrriicckkss ((tthhee BBOOTT))

       DESCRIPTION

       OO SCALING TIPS

       INSTANCE VARIABLES

       SCALAR INSTANCE VARIABLES

       INSTANCE VARIABLE INHERITANCE

       OBJECT RELATIONSHIPS

       OVERRIDING SUPERCLASS METHODS

       USING RELATIONSHIP WITH SDBM

       THINKING OF CODE REUSE

       CLASS CONTEXT AND THE OBJECT

       INHERITING A CONSTRUCTOR

       DELEGATION

       ppeerrlliippcc -- PPeerrll iinntteerrpprroocceessss ccoommmmuunniiccaattiioonn ((ssiiggnnaallss,, ffiiffooss,,
       ppiippeess,, ssaaffee ssuubbpprroocceesssseess,, ssoocckkeettss,, aanndd sseemmaapphhoorreess))

       DESCRIPTION

       Signals

       Named Pipes

       WARNING

       Using open() for IPC

       Filehandles

       Background Processes

       Complete Dissociation of Child from Parent

       Safe Pipe Opens

       Bidirectional Communication with Another Process

       Bidirectional Communication with Yourself

       Sockets: Client/Server Communication

       Internet Line Terminators

       Internet TCP Clients and Servers

       Unix-Domain TCP Clients and Servers

       TCP Clients with IO::Socket

       A Simple Client
            Proto, PeerAddr, PeerPort

       A Webget Client

       Interactive Client with IO::Socket

       TCP Servers with IO::Socket
       Proto, LocalPort, Listen, Reuse

       UDP: Message Passing

       SysV IPC

       NOTES

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       SEE ALSO

       ppeerrllddeebbuugg -- PPeerrll ddeebbuuggggiinngg

       DESCRIPTION

       The Perl Debugger

       Debugger Commands
            h [command], p expr, x expr, V [pkg [vars]], X
            [vars], T, s [expr], n [expr], <CR>, c [line|sub], l,
            l min+incr, l min-max, l line, l subname, -, w
            [line], f filename, /pattern/, ?pattern?, L, S
            [[!]pattern], t, t expr, b [line] [condition], b
            subname [condition], b postpone subname [condition],
            b load filename, b compile subname, d [line], D, a
            [line] command, A, W [expr], W, O [opt[=val]]
            [opt"val"] [opt?].., recallCommand, ShellBang, pager,
            tkRunning, signalLevel, warnLevel, dieLevel,
            AutoTrace, LineInfo, inhibit_exit, PrintRet,
            ornaments, frame, maxTraceLen, arrayDepth, hashDepth,
            compactDump, veryCompact, globPrint, DumpDBFiles,
            DumpPackages, DumpReused, quote, HighBit, undefPrint,
            UsageOnly, TTY, noTTY, ReadLine, NonStop, < [ command
            ], << command, > command, >> command, { [ command ],
            {{ command, ! number, ! -number, ! pattern, !! cmd, H
            -number, q or ^D, R, |dbcmd, ||dbcmd, command, m
            expr, m package

       Debugger input/output
            Prompt, Multiline commands, Stack backtrace, Listing,
            Frame listing

       Debugging compile-time statements

       Debugger Customization

       Readline Support

       Editor Support for Debugging

       The Perl Profiler

       Debugger support in perl

       Debugger Internals

       Other resources

       BUGS

       Debugging Perl memory usage

       Using $ENV{PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS}
            buckets SMALLEST(APPROX)..GREATEST(APPROX),
            Free/Used, Total sbrk(): SBRKed/SBRKs:CONTINUOUS,
            pad: 0, heads: 2192, chain: 0, tail: 6144

       Example of using --DDLL switch
            717, 002, 054, 602, 702, 704

       --DDLL details
            !!!, !!, !

       Limitations of --DDLL statistic

       Debugging regular expressions

       Compile-time output
            anchored STRING at POS, floating STRING at
            POS1..POS2, matching floating/anchored, minlen,
            stclass TYPE, noscan, isall, GPOS, plus, implicit,
            with eval, anchored(TYPE)

       Types of nodes

       Run-time output

       ppeerrllddiiaagg -- vvaarriioouuss PPeerrll ddiiaaggnnoossttiiccss

       DESCRIPTION

       ppeerrllsseecc -- PPeerrll sseeccuurriittyy

       DESCRIPTION

       Laundering and Detecting Tainted Data

       Switches On the """"#!"""" Line

       Cleaning Up Your Path

       Security Bugs

       Protecting Your Programs

       SEE ALSO

       ppeerrllttrraapp -- PPeerrll ttrraappss ffoorr tthhee uunnwwaarryy

       DESCRIPTION

       Awk Traps

       C Traps

       Sed Traps

       Shell Traps

       Perl Traps

       Perl4 to Perl5 Traps
            Discontinuance, Deprecation, and BugFix traps,
            Parsing Traps, Numerical Traps, General data type
            traps, Context Traps - scalar, list contexts,
            Precedence Traps, General Regular Expression Traps
            using s///, etc, Subroutine, Signal, Sorting Traps,
            OS Traps, DBM Traps, Unclassified Traps

       Discontinuance, Deprecation, and BugFix traps
            Discontinuance, Deprecation, BugFix, Discontinuance,
            Discontinuance, Discontinuance, BugFix,
            Discontinuance, Discontinuance, BugFix,
            Discontinuance, Discontinuance, Deprecation,
            Discontinuance

       Parsing Traps
            Parsing, Parsing, Parsing, Parsing

       Numerical Traps
            Numerical, Numerical, Numerical

       General data type traps
            (Arrays), (Arrays), (Hashes), (Globs), (Globs),
            (Scalar String), (Constants), (Scalars), (Variable
            Suicide)

       Context Traps - scalar, list contexts
            (list context), (scalar context), (scalar context),
            (list, builtin)

       Precedence Traps
            Precedence, Precedence, Precedence, Precedence,
            Precedence, Precedence, Precedence

       General Regular Expression Traps using s///, etc.
            Regular Expression, Regular Expression, Regular
            Expression, Regular Expression, Regular Expression,
            Regular Expression, Regular Expression, Regular
            Expression

       Subroutine, Signal, Sorting Traps
            (Signals), (Sort Subroutine), warn() won't let you
            specify a filehandle

       OS Traps
            (SysV), (SysV)

       Interpolation Traps
            Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation,
            Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation,
            Interpolation, Interpolation, Interpolation

       DBM Traps
            DBM, DBM

       Unclassified Traps
            require/do trap using returned value, split on empty
            string with LIMIT specified

       ppeerrllppoorrtt -- WWrriittiinngg ppoorrttaabbllee PPeerrll

       DESCRIPTION
       Not all Perl programs have to be portable, The vast
       majority of Perl iiss portable

       ISSUES

       Newlines

       File Paths

       System Interaction

       Interprocess Communication (IPC)

       External Subroutines (XS)

       Standard Modules

       Time and Date

       System Resources

       Security

       Style

       CPAN TESTERS
       Mailing list: cpan-testers@perl.org, Testing results:
       http://www.connect.net/gbarr/cpan-test/

       PLATFORMS

       Unix

       DOS and Derivatives
            The djgpp environment for DOS,
            http://www.delorie.com/djgpp/, The EMX environment
            for DOS, OS/2, etc.
            emx@iaehv.nl,http://www.leo.org/pub/comp/os/os2/leo/gnu/emx+gcc/index.html,
            ftp://hobbes.nmsu.edu/pub/os2/dev/emx.  Build
            instructions for Win32, the perlwin32 manpage, The
            ActiveState Pages, http://www.activestate.com/

       MacPerl
            The MacPerl Pages, http://www.ptf.com/macperl/, The
            MacPerl mailing list, mac-perl-request@iis.ee.ethz.ch

       VMS  the perlvms.pod manpage, vmsperl list, vmsperl-
            request@newman.upenn.edu, vmsperl on the web,
            http://www.sidhe.org/vmsperl/index.html

       EBCDIC Platforms
            perl-mvs list, AS/400 Perl information at
            http://as400.rochester.ibm.com

       Other perls
            Atari, Guido Flohr's page http://stud.uni-
            sb.de/~gufl0000/, HP 300 MPE/iX
            http://www.cccd.edu/~markb/perlix.html, Novell
            Netware

       FUNCTION IMPLEMENTATIONS

       Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions
            -X FILEHANDLE, -X EXPR, -X, binmode FILEHANDLE, chmod
            LIST, chown LIST, chroot FILENAME, chroot, crypt
            PLAINTEXT,SALT, dbmclose HASH, dbmopen
            HASH,DBNAME,MODE, dump LABEL, exec LIST, fcntl
            FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, flock
            FILEHANDLE,OPERATION, fork, getlogin, getpgrp PID,
            getppid, getpriority WHICH,WHO, getpwnam NAME,
            getgrnam NAME, getnetbyname NAME, getpwuid UID,
            getgrgid GID, getnetbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE,
            getprotobynumber NUMBER, getservbyport PORT,PROTO,
            getpwent, getgrent, gethostent, getnetent,
            getprotoent, getservent, setpwent, setgrent,
            sethostent STAYOPEN, setnetent STAYOPEN, setprotoent
            STAYOPEN, setservent STAYOPEN, endpwent, endgrent,
            endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent,
            getsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME, glob EXPR, glob,
            ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR, kill LIST, link
            OLDFILE,NEWFILE, lstat FILEHANDLE, lstat EXPR, lstat,
            msgctl ID,CMD,ARG, msgget KEY,FLAGS, msgsnd
            ID,MSG,FLAGS, msgrcv ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS, open
            FILEHANDLE,EXPR, open FILEHANDLE, pipe
            READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE, readlink EXPR, readlink,
            select RBITS,WBITS,EBITS,TIMEOUT, semctl
            ID,SEMNUM,CMD,ARG, semget KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS, semop
            KEY,OPSTRING, setpgrp PID,PGRP, setpriority
            WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY, setsockopt
            SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL, shmctl ID,CMD,ARG,
            shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS, shmread ID,VAR,POS,SIZE,
            shmwrite ID,STRING,POS,SIZE, socketpair
            SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL, stat
            FILEHANDLE, stat EXPR, stat, symlink OLDFILE,NEWFILE,
            syscall LIST, system LIST, times, truncate
            FILEHANDLE,LENGTH, truncate EXPR,LENGTH, umask EXPR,
            umask, utime LIST, wait, waitpid PID,FLAGS

       AUTHORS / CONTRIBUTORS

       VERSION

       ppeerrllssttyyllee -- PPeerrll ssttyyllee gguuiiddee

       DESCRIPTION

       ppeerrllppoodd -- ppllaaiinn oolldd ddooccuummeennttaattiioonn

       DESCRIPTION

       Verbatim Paragraph

       Command Paragraph

       Ordinary Block of Text

       The Intent

       Embedding Pods in Perl Modules

       Common Pod Pitfalls

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       ppeerrllbbooookk -- PPeerrll bbooookk iinnffoorrmmaattiioonn

       DESCRIPTION

       ppeerrlleemmbbeedd -- hhooww ttoo eemmbbeedd ppeerrll iinn yyoouurr CC pprrooggrraamm

       DESCRIPTION

       PREAMBLE
            UUssee CC ffrroomm PPeerrll??, UUssee aa UUnniixx pprrooggrraamm ffrroomm PPeerrll??, UUssee
            PPeerrll ffrroomm PPeerrll??, UUssee CC ffrroomm CC??, UUssee PPeerrll ffrroomm CC??

       ROADMAP

       Compiling your C program

       Adding a Perl interpreter to your C program

       Calling a Perl subroutine from your C program

       Evaluating a Perl statement from your C program

       Performing Perl pattern matches and substitutions from
            your C program

       Fiddling with the Perl stack from your C program

       Maintaining a persistent interpreter

       Maintaining multiple interpreter instances

       Using Perl modules, which themselves use C libraries, from
            your C program

       Embedding Perl under Win32

       MORAL

       AUTHOR

       COPYRIGHT

       ppeerrllaappiioo -- ppeerrll''ss IIOO aabbssttrraaccttiioonn iinntteerrffaaccee..

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       PPeerrllIIOO **, PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ssttddiinn(()), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ssttddoouutt(()),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ssttddeerrrr(()), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ooppeenn((ppaatthh,, mmooddee)),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ffddooppeenn((ffdd,,mmooddee)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_pprriinnttff((ff,,ffmmtt,,......)),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_vvpprriinnttff((ff,,ffmmtt,,aa)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ssttddoouuttff((ffmmtt,,......)),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_rreeaadd((ff,,bbuuff,,ccoouunntt)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_wwrriittee((ff,,bbuuff,,ccoouunntt)),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_cclloossee((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ppuuttss((ff,,ss)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ppuuttcc((ff,,cc)),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_uunnggeettcc((ff,,cc)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ggeettcc((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_eeooff((ff)),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_eerrrroorr((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ffiilleennoo((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_cclleeaarreerrrr((ff)),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_fflluusshh((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_tteellll((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_sseeeekk((ff,,oo,,ww)),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ggeettppooss((ff,,pp)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_sseettppooss((ff,,pp)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_rreewwiinndd((ff)),
       PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ttmmppffiillee(())

       Co-existence with stdio
            PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_iimmppoorrttFFIILLEE((ff,,ffllaaggss)),
            PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_eexxppoorrttFFIILLEE((ff,,ffllaaggss)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ffiinnddFFIILLEE((ff)),
            PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_rreelleeaasseeFFIILLEE((pp,,ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_sseettlliinneebbuuff((ff)),
            PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_hhaass_<i>_ccnnttppttrr((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ggeett_<i>_ppttrr((ff)),
            PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ggeett_<i>_ccnntt((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ccaannsseett_<i>_ccnntt((ff)),
            PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ffaasstt_<i>_ggeettss((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_sseett_<i>_ppttrrccnntt((ff,,pp,,cc)),
            PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_sseett_<i>_ccnntt((ff,,cc)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_hhaass_<i>_bbaassee((ff)),
            PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ggeett_<i>_bbaassee((ff)), PPeerrllIIOO_<i>_ggeett_<i>_bbuuffssiizz((ff))

       ppeerrllxxss -- XXSS llaanngguuaaggee rreeffeerreennccee mmaannuuaall

       DESCRIPTION

       Introduction

       On The Road

       The Anatomy of an XSUB

       The Argument Stack

       The RETVAL Variable

       The MODULE Keyword

       The PACKAGE Keyword

       The PREFIX Keyword

       The OUTPUT: Keyword

       The CODE: Keyword

       The INIT: Keyword

       The NO_INIT Keyword

       Initializing Function Parameters

       Default Parameter Values

       The PREINIT: Keyword

       The SCOPE: Keyword

       The INPUT: Keyword

       Variable-length Parameter Lists

       The C_ARGS: Keyword

       The PPCODE: Keyword

       Returning Undef And Empty Lists

       The REQUIRE: Keyword

       The CLEANUP: Keyword

       The BOOT: Keyword

       The VERSIONCHECK: Keyword

       The PROTOTYPES: Keyword

       The PROTOTYPE: Keyword

       The ALIAS: Keyword

       The INTERFACE: Keyword

       The INTERFACE_MACRO: Keyword

       The INCLUDE: Keyword

       The CASE: Keyword

       The & Unary Operator

       Inserting Comments and C Preprocessor Directives

       Using XS With C++

       Interface Strategy

       Perl Objects And C Structures

       The Typemap

       EXAMPLES

       XS VERSION

       AUTHOR

       ppeerrllxxssttuutt,, ppeerrllXXSSttuutt -- TTuuttoorriiaall ffoorr XXSSUUBBss

       DESCRIPTION

       VERSION CAVEAT

       DYNAMIC VERSUS STATIC

       EXAMPLE 1

       EXAMPLE 2

       WHAT HAS GONE ON?

       WRITING GOOD TEST SCRIPTS

       EXAMPLE 3

       WHAT'S NEW HERE?

       INPUT AND OUTPUT PARAMETERS

       THE XSUBPP COMPILER

       THE TYPEMAP FILE

       WARNING

       EXAMPLE 4

       WHAT HAS HAPPENED HERE?

       SPECIFYING ARGUMENTS TO XSUBPP

       THE ARGUMENT STACK

       EXTENDING YOUR EXTENSION

       DOCUMENTING YOUR EXTENSION

       INSTALLING YOUR EXTENSION

       SEE ALSO

       Author

       Last Changed

       ppeerrllgguuttss -- PPeerrll''ss IInntteerrnnaall FFuunnccttiioonnss

       DESCRIPTION

       Variables

       Datatypes

       What is an """"IV""""?

       Working with SVs

       What's Really Stored in an SV?

       Working with AVs

       Working with HVs

       Hash API Extensions

       References

       Blessed References and Class Objects

       Creating New Variables

       Reference Counts and Mortality

       Stashes and Globs

       Double-Typed SVs

       Magic Variables

       Assigning Magic

       Magic Virtual Tables

       Finding Magic

       Understanding the Magic of Tied Hashes and Arrays

       Localizing changes
            SAVEINT(int i), SAVEIV(IV i), SAVEI32(I32 i),
            SAVELONG(long i), SAVESPTR(s), SAVEPPTR(p),
            SAVEFREESV(SV *sv), SAVEFREEOP(OP *op),
            SAVEFREEPV(p), SAVECLEARSV(SV *sv), SAVEDELETE(HV
            *hv, char *key, I32 length), SAVEDESTRUCTOR(f,p),
            SAVESTACK_POS(), SV* save_scalar(GV *gv), AV*
            save_ary(GV *gv), HV* save_hash(GV *gv), void
            save_item(SV *item), void save_list(SV **sarg, I32
            maxsarg), SV* save_svref(SV **sptr), void
            save_aptr(AV **aptr), void save_hptr(HV **hptr)

       Subroutines

       XSUBs and the Argument Stack

       Calling Perl Routines from within C Programs

       Memory Allocation

       PerlIO

       Putting a C value on Perl stack

       Scratchpads

       Scratchpads and recursion

       Compiled code

       Code tree

       Examining the tree

       Compile pass 1: check routines

       Compile pass 1a: constant folding

       Compile pass 2: context propagation

       Compile pass 3: peephole optimization

       API LISTING
       av_clear, av_extend, av_fetch, AvFILL, av_len, av_make,
       av_pop, av_push, av_shift, av_store, av_undef, av_unshift,
       CLASS, Copy, croak, CvSTASH, PL_DBsingle, PL_DBsub,
       PL_DBtrace, dMARK, dORIGMARK, PL_dowarn, dSP, dXSARGS,
       dXSI32, do_binmode, ENTER, EXTEND, fbm_compile, fbm_instr,
       FREETMPS, G_ARRAY, G_DISCARD, G_EVAL, GIMME, GIMME_V,
       G_NOARGS, G_SCALAR, gv_fetchmeth, gv_fetchmethod,
       gv_fetchmethod_autoload, G_VOID, gv_stashpv, gv_stashsv,
       GvSV, HEf_SVKEY, HeHASH, HeKEY, HeKLEN, HePV, HeSVKEY,
       HeSVKEY_force, HeSVKEY_set, HeVAL, hv_clear,
       hv_delayfree_ent, hv_delete, hv_delete_ent, hv_exists,
       hv_exists_ent, hv_fetch, hv_fetch_ent, hv_free_ent,
       hv_iterinit, hv_iterkey, hv_iterkeysv, hv_iternext,
       hv_iternextsv, hv_iterval, hv_magic, HvNAME, hv_store,
       hv_store_ent, hv_undef, isALNUM, isALPHA, isDIGIT,
       isLOWER, isSPACE, isUPPER, items, ix, LEAVE,
       looks_like_number, MARK, mg_clear, mg_copy, mg_find,
       mg_free, mg_get, mg_len, mg_magical, mg_set, Move, PL_na,
       New, newAV, Newc, newCONSTSUB, newHV, newRV_inc,
       newRV_noinc, NEWSV, newSViv, newSVnv, newSVpv, newSVpvf,
       newSVpvn, newSVrv, newSVsv, newXS, newXSproto, Newz,
       Nullav, Nullch, Nullcv, Nullhv, Nullsv, ORIGMARK,
       perl_alloc, perl_call_argv, perl_call_method,
       perl_call_pv, perl_call_sv, perl_construct, perl_destruct,
       perl_eval_sv, perl_eval_pv, perl_free, perl_get_av,
       perl_get_cv, perl_get_hv, perl_get_sv, perl_parse,
       perl_require_pv, perl_run, POPi, POPl, POPp, POPn, POPs,
       PUSHMARK, PUSHi, PUSHn, PUSHp, PUSHs, PUSHu, PUTBACK,
       Renew, Renewc, RETVAL, safefree, safemalloc, saferealloc,
       savepv, savepvn, SAVETMPS, SP, SPAGAIN, ST, strEQ, strGE,
       strGT, strLE, strLT, strNE, strnEQ, strnNE, sv_2mortal,
       sv_bless, sv_catpv, sv_catpv_mg, sv_catpvn, sv_catpvn_mg,
       sv_catpvf, sv_catpvf_mg, sv_catsv, sv_catsv_mg, sv_chop,
       sv_cmp, SvCUR, SvCUR_set, sv_dec, sv_derived_from,
       sv_derived_from, SvEND, sv_eq, SvGETMAGIC, SvGROW,
       sv_grow, sv_inc, sv_insert, SvIOK, SvIOK_off, SvIOK_on,
       SvIOK_only, SvIOKp, sv_isa, sv_isobject, SvIV, SvIVX,
       SvLEN, sv_len, sv_magic, sv_mortalcopy, sv_newmortal,
       SvNIOK, SvNIOK_off, SvNIOKp, PL_sv_no, SvNOK, SvNOK_off,
       SvNOK_on, SvNOK_only, SvNOKp, SvNV, SvNVX, SvOK, SvOOK,
       SvPOK, SvPOK_off, SvPOK_on, SvPOK_only, SvPOKp, SvPV,
       SvPV_force, SvPVX, SvREFCNT, SvREFCNT_dec, SvREFCNT_inc,
       SvROK, SvROK_off, SvROK_on, SvRV, SvSETMAGIC, sv_setiv,
       sv_setiv_mg, sv_setnv, sv_setnv_mg, sv_setpv, sv_setpv_mg,
       sv_setpviv, sv_setpviv_mg, sv_setpvn, sv_setpvn_mg,
       sv_setpvf, sv_setpvf_mg, sv_setref_iv, sv_setref_nv,
       sv_setref_pv, sv_setref_pvn, SvSetSV, SvSetSV_nosteal,
       sv_setsv, sv_setsv_mg, sv_setuv, sv_setuv_mg, SvSTASH,
       SvTAINT, SvTAINTED, SvTAINTED_off, SvTAINTED_on, SVt_IV,
       SVt_PV, SVt_PVAV, SVt_PVCV, SVt_PVHV, SVt_PVMG, SVt_NV,
       SvTRUE, SvTYPE, svtype, PL_sv_undef, sv_unref, SvUPGRADE,
       sv_upgrade, sv_usepvn, sv_usepvn_mg, sv_vcatpvfn(sv, pat,
       patlen, args, svargs, svmax, used_locale), sv_vsetpvfn(sv,
       pat, patlen, args, svargs, svmax, used_locale), SvUV,
       SvUVX, PL_sv_yes, THIS, toLOWER, toUPPER, warn, XPUSHi,
       XPUSHn, XPUSHp, XPUSHs, XPUSHu, XS, XSRETURN,
       XSRETURN_EMPTY, XSRETURN_IV, XSRETURN_NO, XSRETURN_NV,
       XSRETURN_PV, XSRETURN_UNDEF, XSRETURN_YES, XST_mIV,
       XST_mNV, XST_mNO, XST_mPV, XST_mUNDEF, XST_mYES,
       XS_VERSION, XS_VERSION_BOOTCHECK, Zero

       AUTHORS

       ppeerrllccaallll -- PPeerrll ccaalllliinngg ccoonnvveennttiioonnss ffrroomm CC

       DESCRIPTION
       An Error Handler, An Event Driven Program

       THE PERL_CALL FUNCTIONS
       ppeerrll_<i>_ccaallll_<i>_ssvv, ppeerrll_<i>_ccaallll_<i>_ppvv, ppeerrll_<i>_ccaallll_<i>_mmeetthhoodd,
       ppeerrll_<i>_ccaallll_<i>_aarrggvv

       FLAG VALUES

       G_VOID

       G_SCALAR

       G_ARRAY

       G_DISCARD

       G_NOARGS

       G_EVAL

       G_KEEPERR

       Determining the Context

       KNOWN PROBLEMS

       EXAMPLES

       No Parameters, Nothing returned

       Passing Parameters

       Returning a Scalar

       Returning a list of values

       Returning a list in a scalar context

       Returning Data from Perl via the parameter list

       Using G_EVAL

       Using G_KEEPERR

       Using perl_call_sv

       Using perl_call_argv

       Using perl_call_method

       Using GIMME_V

       Using Perl to dispose of temporaries

       Strategies for storing Callback Context Information
            1. Ignore the problem - Allow only 1 callback, 2.
            Create a sequence of callbacks - hard wired limit, 3.
            Use a parameter to map to the Perl callback

       Alternate Stack Manipulation

       Creating and calling an anonymous subroutine in C

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       DATE

       ppeerrllhhiisstt -- tthhee PPeerrll hhiissttoorryy rreeccoorrddss

       DESCRIPTION

       INTRODUCTION

       THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN

       PUMPKIN?

       THE RECORDS

       SELECTED RELEASE SIZES

       SELECTED PATCH SIZES

       THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS

PPRRAAGGMMAA DDOOCCUUMMEENNTTAATTIIOONN
       aattttrrss -- sseett//ggeett aattttrriibbuutteess ooff aa ssuubbrroouuttiinnee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       method, locked

       rree -- PPeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo aalltteerr rreegguullaarr eexxpprreessssiioonn bbeehhaavviioouurr

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       aauuttoouussee -- ppoossttppoonnee llooaadd ooff mmoodduulleess uunnttiill aa ffuunnccttiioonn iiss
       uusseedd

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       WARNING

       AUTHOR

       SEE ALSO

       bbaassee -- EEssttaabblliisshh IISS--AA rreellaattiioonnsshhiipp wwiitthh bbaassee ccllaassss aatt
       ccoommppiillee ttiimmee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SEE ALSO

       bblliibb -- UUssee MMaakkeeMMaakkeerr''ss uunniinnssttaalllleedd vveerrssiioonn ooff aa ppaacckkaaggee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       ccoonnssttaanntt -- PPeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo ddeeccllaarree ccoonnssttaannttss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTES

       TECHNICAL NOTE

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       COPYRIGHT

       ddiiaaggnnoossttiiccss -- PPeerrll ccoommppiilleerr pprraaggmmaa ttoo ffoorrccee vveerrbboossee
       wwaarrnniinngg ddiiaaggnnoossttiiccss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       The diagnostics Pragma

       The splain Program

       EXAMPLES

       INTERNALS

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       ffiieellddss -- ccoommppiillee--ttiimmee ccllaassss ffiieellddss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SEE ALSO

       iinntteeggeerr -- PPeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo ccoommppuuttee aarriitthhmmeettiicc iinn iinntteeggeerr
       iinnsstteeaadd ooff ddoouubbllee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       lleessss -- ppeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo rreeqquueesstt lleessss ooff ssoommeetthhiinngg ffrroomm tthhee
       ccoommppiilleerr

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       lliibb -- mmaanniippuullaattee @@IINNCC at compile time

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       ADDING DIRECTORIES TO @INC

       DELETING DIRECTORIES FROM @INC

       RESTORING ORIGINAL @INC

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       llooccaallee -- PPeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo uussee aanndd aavvooiidd PPOOSSIIXX llooccaalleess ffoorr
       bbuuiilltt--iinn ooppeerraattiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       oovveerrllooaadd -- PPaacckkaaggee ffoorr oovveerrllooaaddiinngg ppeerrll ooppeerraattiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       CAVEAT SCRIPTOR

       DESCRIPTION

       Declaration of overloaded functions

       Calling Conventions for Binary Operations
            FALSE, TRUE, undef

       Calling Conventions for Unary Operations

       Overloadable Operations
            Arithmetic operations, Comparison operations, Bit
            operations, Increment and decrement, Transcendental
            functions, Boolean, string and numeric conversion,
            Special

       Inheritance and overloading
            Strings as values of use overload directive,
            Overloading of an operation is inherited by derived
            classes

       SPECIAL SYMBOLS FOR use overload

       Last Resort

       Fallback
            undef, TRUE, defined, but FALSE

       Copy Constructor
            EExxaammppllee

       MAGIC AUTOGENERATION
       Assignment forms of arithmetic operations, Conversion
       operations, Increment and decrement, abs($a), Unary minus,
       Negation, Concatenation, Comparison operations, Copy
       operator

       WARNING

       Run-time Overloading

       Public functions
       overload::StrVal(arg), overload::Overloaded(arg),
       overload::Method(obj,op)

       Overloading constants
       integer, float, binary, q, qr

       IMPLEMENTATION

       AUTHOR

       DIAGNOSTICS

       BUGS

       ssiiggttrraapp -- PPeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo eennaabbllee ssiimmppllee ssiiggnnaall hhaannddlliinngg

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OPTIONS

       SIGNAL HANDLERS
            ssttaacckk--ttrraaccee, ddiiee, hhaannddlleerr your-handler

       SIGNAL LISTS
            nnoorrmmaall--ssiiggnnaallss, eerrrroorr--ssiiggnnaallss, oolldd--iinntteerrffaaccee--ssiiggnnaallss

       OTHER
            uunnttrraappppeedd, aannyy, signal, number

       EXAMPLES

       ssttrriicctt -- PPeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo rreessttrriicctt uunnssaaffee ccoonnssttrruuccttss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       strict refs, strict vars, strict subs

       ssuubbss -- PPeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo pprreeddeeccllaarree ssuubb nnaammeess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       vvaarrss -- PPeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo pprreeddeeccllaarree gglloobbaall vvaarriiaabbllee nnaammeess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

MMOODDUULLEE DDOOCCUUMMEENNTTAATTIIOONN
       AAnnyyDDBBMM_<i>_FFiillee -- pprroovviiddee ffrraammeewwoorrkk ffoorr mmuullttiippllee DDBBMMss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       DBM Comparisons
            [0], [1], [2], [3]

       SEE ALSO

       AAuuttooLLooaaddeerr -- llooaadd ssuubbrroouuttiinneess oonnllyy oonn ddeemmaanndd

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Subroutine Stubs

       Using AAuuttooLLooaaddeerr's AUTOLOAD Subroutine

       Overriding AAuuttooLLooaaddeerr's AUTOLOAD Subroutine

       Package Lexicals

       AAuuttooLLooaaddeerr vs. SSeellffLLooaaddeerr

       CAVEATS

       SEE ALSO

       AAuuttooSSpplliitt -- sspplliitt aa ppaacckkaaggee ffoorr aauuttoollooaaddiinngg

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       $keep, $check, $modtime

       Multiple packages

       DIAGNOSTICS

       BB -- TThhee PPeerrll CCoommppiilleerr

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OVERVIEW OF CLASSES

       SV-RELATED CLASSES

       B::SV METHODS
            REFCNT, FLAGS

       B::IV METHODS
            IV, IVX, needs64bits, packiv

       B::NV METHODS
            NV, NVX

       B::RV METHODS
            RV

       B::PV METHODS
            PV

       B::PVMG METHODS
            MAGIC, SvSTASH

       B::MAGIC METHODS
            MOREMAGIC, PRIVATE, TYPE, FLAGS, OBJ, PTR

       B::PVLV METHODS
            TARGOFF, TARGLEN, TYPE, TARG

       B::BM METHODS
            USEFUL, PREVIOUS, RARE, TABLE

       B::GV METHODS
            NAME, STASH, SV, IO, FORM, AV, HV, EGV, CV, CVGEN,
            LINE, FILEGV, GvREFCNT, FLAGS

       B::IO METHODS
            LINES, PAGE, PAGE_LEN, LINES_LEFT, TOP_NAME, TOP_GV,
            FMT_NAME, FMT_GV, BOTTOM_NAME, BOTTOM_GV, SUBPROCESS,
            IoTYPE, IoFLAGS

       B::AV METHODS
            FILL, MAX, OFF, ARRAY, AvFLAGS

       B::CV METHODS
            STASH, START, ROOT, GV, FILEGV, DEPTH, PADLIST,
            OUTSIDE, XSUB, XSUBANY

       B::HV METHODS
            FILL, MAX, KEYS, RITER, NAME, PMROOT, ARRAY

       OP-RELATED CLASSES

       B::OP METHODS
            next, sibling, ppaddr, desc, targ, type, seq, flags,
            private

       B::UNOP METHOD
            first

       B::BINOP METHOD
            last

       B::LOGOP METHOD
            other

       B::CONDOP METHODS
            true, false

       B::LISTOP METHOD
            children

       B::PMOP METHODS
            pmreplroot, pmreplstart, pmnext, pmregexp, pmflags,
            pmpermflags, precomp

       B::SVOP METHOD
            sv

       B::GVOP METHOD
            gv

       B::PVOP METHOD
            pv

       B::LOOP METHODS
            redoop, nextop, lastop

       B::COP METHODS
            label, stash, filegv, cop_seq, arybase, line

       FUNCTIONS EXPORTED BY B
       main_cv, main_root, main_start, comppadlist, sv_undef,
       sv_yes, sv_no, walkoptree(OP, METHOD),
       walkoptree_debug(DEBUG), walksymtable(SYMREF, METHOD,
       RECURSE), svref_2object(SV), ppname(OPNUM), hash(STR),
       cast_I32(I), minus_c, cstring(STR), class(OBJ),
       threadsv_names, byteload_fh(FILEHANDLE)

       AUTHOR

       BB::::AAssmmddaattaa -- AAuuttooggeenneerraatteedd ddaattaa aabboouutt PPeerrll ooppss,, uusseedd ttoo
       ggeenneerraattee bbyytteeccooddee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       BB::::AAsssseemmbblleerr -- AAsssseemmbbllee PPeerrll bbyytteeccooddee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       BB::::BBbblloocckk -- WWaallkk bbaassiicc bblloocckkss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       BB::::BByytteeccooddee -- PPeerrll ccoommppiilleerr''ss bbyytteeccooddee bbaacckkeenndd

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OPTIONS
       --ooffiilleennaammee, ----, --ff, --ffccoommpprreessss--nnuullllooppss, --ffoommiitt--sseeqquueennccee--
       nnuummbbeerrss, --ffbbyyppaassss--nnuullllooppss, --ffssttrriipp--ssyynnttaaxx--ttrreeee, --OOnn, --DD,
       --DDoo, --DDbb, --DDaa, --DDCC, --SS, --mm

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       BB::::CC -- PPeerrll ccoommppiilleerr''ss CC bbaacckkeenndd

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OPTIONS
       --ooffiilleennaammee, --vv, ----, --uuPPaacckknnaammee, --DD, --DDoo, --DDcc, --DDAA, --DDCC,
       --DDMM, --ff, --ffccoogg, --ffnnoo--ccoogg, --OOnn

       EXAMPLES

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       BB::::CCCC -- PPeerrll ccoommppiilleerr''ss ooppttiimmiizzeedd CC ttrraannssllaattiioonn bbaacckkeenndd

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OPTIONS
       --ooffiilleennaammee, --vv, ----, --uuPPaacckknnaammee, --mmMMoodduulleennaammee, --DD, --DDrr,
       --DDOO, --DDss, --DDpp, --DDqq, --DDll, --DDtt, --ff, --ffffrreeeettmmppss--eeaacchh--bbbblloocckk,
       --ffffrreeeettmmppss--eeaacchh--lloooopp, --ffoommiitt--ttaaiinntt, --OOnn

       EXAMPLES

       BUGS

       DIFFERENCES

       Loops

       Context of """"..""""

       Arithmetic

       Deprecated features

       AUTHOR

       BB::::DDeebbuugg -- WWaallkk PPeerrll ssyynnttaaxx ttrreeee,, pprriinnttiinngg ddeebbuugg iinnffoo
       aabboouutt ooppss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       BB::::DDeeppaarrssee -- PPeerrll ccoommppiilleerr bbaacckkeenndd ttoo pprroodduuccee ppeerrll ccooddee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OPTIONS
       --pp, --uuPACKAGE, --ll, --ssLETTERS, CC

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       BB::::DDiissaasssseemmbblleerr -- DDiissaasssseemmbbllee PPeerrll bbyytteeccooddee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       BB::::LLiinntt -- PPeerrll lliinntt

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OPTIONS AND LINT CHECKS
       ccoonntteexxtt, iimmpplliicciitt--rreeaadd and iimmpplliicciitt--wwrriittee, ddoollllaarr--
       uunnddeerrssccoorree, pprriivvaattee--nnaammeess, uunnddeeffiinneedd--ssuubbss, rreeggeexxpp--
       vvaarriiaabblleess, aallll, nnoonnee

       NON LINT-CHECK OPTIONS
       --uu PPaacckkaaggee

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       BB::::OO,, OO -- GGeenneerriicc iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll CCoommppiilleerr bbaacckkeennddss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       CONVENTIONS

       IMPLEMENTATION

       AUTHOR

       BB::::SShhoowwlleexx -- SShhooww lleexxiiccaall vvaarriiaabblleess uusseedd iinn ffuunnccttiioonnss oorr
       ffiilleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       BB::::SSttaacckkoobbjj -- HHeellppeerr mmoodduullee ffoorr CCCC bbaacckkeenndd

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       BB::::TTeerrssee -- WWaallkk PPeerrll ssyynnttaaxx ttrreeee,, pprriinnttiinngg tteerrssee iinnffoo
       aabboouutt ooppss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       BB::::XXrreeff -- GGeenneerraatteess ccrroossss rreeffeerreennccee rreeppoorrttss ffoorr PPeerrll
       pprrooggrraammss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OPTIONS
       -oFILENAME, -r, -D[tO]

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       BBeenncchhmmaarrkk -- bbeenncchhmmaarrkk rruunnnniinngg ttiimmeess ooff ccooddee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Methods
            new, debug

       Standard Exports
            timeit(COUNT, CODE), timethis ( COUNT, CODE, [ TITLE,
            [ STYLE ]] ), timethese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE
            ] ), timediff ( T1, T2 ), timestr ( TIMEDIFF, [
            STYLE, [ FORMAT ] ] )

       Optional Exports
            clearcache ( COUNT ), clearallcache ( ), disablecache
            ( ), enablecache ( )

       NOTES

       INHERITANCE

       CAVEATS

       AUTHORS

       MODIFICATION HISTORY

       CCGGII -- SSiimmppllee CCoommmmoonn GGaatteewwaayy IInntteerrffaaccee CCllaassss

       SYNOPSIS

       ABSTRACT

       DESCRIPTION

       PROGRAMMING STYLE

       CALLING CGI.PM ROUTINES
            1. Use another name for the argument, if one is
            available.  Forexample, -value is an alias for
            -values, 2. Change the capitalization, e.g. -Values,
            3. Put quotes around the argument name, e.g.
            '-values'

       CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT (OBJECT-ORIENTED STYLE):

       CREATING A NEW QUERY OBJECT FROM AN INPUT FILE

       FETCHING A LIST OF KEYWORDS FROM THE QUERY:

       FETCHING THE NAMES OF ALL THE PARAMETERS PASSED TO YOUR
            SCRIPT:

       FETCHING THE VALUE OR VALUES OF A SINGLE NAMED PARAMETER:

       SETTING THE VALUE(S) OF A NAMED PARAMETER:

       APPENDING ADDITIONAL VALUES TO A NAMED PARAMETER:

       IMPORTING ALL PARAMETERS INTO A NAMESPACE:

       DELETING A PARAMETER COMPLETELY:

       DELETING ALL PARAMETERS:

       DIRECT ACCESS TO THE PARAMETER LIST:

       SAVING THE STATE OF THE SCRIPT TO A FILE:

       USING THE FUNCTION-ORIENTED INTERFACE
            ::ccggii, ::ffoorrmm, ::hhttmmll22, ::hhttmmll33, ::nneettssccaappee, ::hhttmmll,
            ::ssttaannddaarrdd, ::aallll

       PRAGMAS
            -any, -compile, -nph, -autoload, -no_debug,
            -private_tempfiles

       GENERATING DYNAMIC DOCUMENTS

       CREATING A STANDARD HTTP HEADER:

       GENERATING A REDIRECTION HEADER

       CREATING THE HTML DOCUMENT HEADER
            PPaarraammeetteerrss::, 4, 5, 6..

       ENDING THE HTML DOCUMENT:

       CREATING A SELF-REFERENCING URL THAT PRESERVES STATE
            INFORMATION:

       OBTAINING THE SCRIPT'S URL
            --aabbssoolluuttee, --rreellaattiivvee, --ffuullll, --ppaatthh (--ppaatthh_<i>_iinnffoo),
            --qquueerryy (--qquueerryy_<i>_ssttrriinngg)

       CREATING STANDARD HTML ELEMENTS:

       PROVIDING ARGUMENTS TO HTML SHORTCUTS

       THE DISTRIBUTIVE PROPERTY OF HTML SHORTCUTS

       HTML SHORTCUTS AND LIST INTERPOLATION

       NON-STANDARD HTML SHORTCUTS

       CREATING FILL-OUT FORMS:

       CREATING AN ISINDEX TAG

       STARTING AND ENDING A FORM
            aapppplliiccaattiioonn//xx--wwwwww--ffoorrmm--uurrlleennccooddeedd, mmuullttiippaarrtt//ffoorrmm--
            ddaattaa

       CREATING A TEXT FIELD
            PPaarraammeetteerrss

       CREATING A BIG TEXT FIELD

       CREATING A PASSWORD FIELD

       CREATING A FILE UPLOAD FIELD
            PPaarraammeetteerrss

       CREATING A POPUP MENU

       CREATING A SCROLLING LIST
            PPaarraammeetteerrss::

       CREATING A GROUP OF RELATED CHECKBOXES
            PPaarraammeetteerrss::

       CREATING A STANDALONE CHECKBOX
            PPaarraammeetteerrss::

       CREATING A RADIO BUTTON GROUP
            PPaarraammeetteerrss::

       CREATING A SUBMIT BUTTON
            PPaarraammeetteerrss::

       CREATING A RESET BUTTON

       CREATING A DEFAULT BUTTON

       CREATING A HIDDEN FIELD
            PPaarraammeetteerrss::

       CREATING A CLICKABLE IMAGE BUTTON
            PPaarraammeetteerrss::, 3.The third option (-align, optional) is
            an alignment type, and may be TOP, BOTTOM or MIDDLE

       CREATING A JAVASCRIPT ACTION BUTTON

       NETSCAPE COOKIES
       1. an expiration time, 2. a domain, 3. a path, 4. a
       "secure" flag, --nnaammee, --vvaalluuee, --ppaatthh, --ddoommaaiinn, --eexxppiirreess,
       --sseeccuurree

       WORKING WITH NETSCAPE FRAMES
       1. Create a <Frameset> document, 2. Specify the
       destination for the document in the HTTP header, 3.
       Specify the destination for the document in the <FORM> tag

       LIMITED SUPPORT FOR CASCADING STYLE SHEETS

       DEBUGGING

       DUMPING OUT ALL THE NAME/VALUE PAIRS

       FETCHING ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       aacccceepptt(()), rraaww_<i>_ccooookkiiee(()), uusseerr_<i>_aaggeenntt(()), ppaatthh_<i>_iinnffoo(()),
       ppaatthh_<i>_ttrraannssllaatteedd(()), rreemmoottee_<i>_hhoosstt(()), ssccrriipptt_<i>_nnaammee(())Return the
       script name as a partial URL, for self-refering scripts,
       rreeffeerreerr(()), aauutthh_<i>_ttyyppee (()), sseerrvveerr_<i>_nnaammee (()), vviirrttuuaall_<i>_hhoosstt (()),
       sseerrvveerr_<i>_ssooffttwwaarree (()), rreemmoottee_<i>_uusseerr (()), uusseerr_<i>_nnaammee (()),
       rreeqquueesstt_<i>_mmeetthhoodd(())

       USING NPH SCRIPTS
       In the uussee statement, By calling the nnpphh(()) method:, By
       using --nnpphh parameters in the hheeaaddeerr(()) and rreeddiirreecctt(())
       statements:

       Server Push
       multipart_init() multipart_init(-boundary=>$boundary);,
       multipart_start(), multipart_end()

       Avoiding Denial of Service Attacks
       $$CCGGII::::PPOOSSTT_<i>_MMAAXX, $$CCGGII::::DDIISSAABBLLEE_<i>_UUPPLLOOAADDSS, 11.. OOnn aa ssccrriipptt--bbyy--
       ssccrriipptt bbaassiiss, 22.. GGlloobbaallllyy ffoorr aallll ssccrriippttss

       COMPATIBILITY WITH CGI-LIB.PL

       AUTHOR INFORMATION

       CREDITS
       Matt Heffron (heffron@falstaff.css.beckman.com), James
       Taylor (james.taylor@srs.gov), Scott Anguish
       <sanguish@digifix.com>, Mike Jewell (mlj3u@virginia.edu),
       Timothy Shimmin (tes@kbs.citri.edu.au), Joergen Haegg
       (jh@axis.se), Laurent Delfosse
       (delfosse@csgrad1.cs.wvu.edu), Richard Resnick
       (applepi1@aol.com), Craig Bishop
       (csb@barwonwater.vic.gov.au), Tony Curtis
       (tc@vcpc.univie.ac.at), Tim Bunce (Tim.Bunce@ig.co.uk),
       Tom Christiansen (tchrist@convex.com), Andreas Koenig
       (k@franz.ww.TU-Berlin.DE), Tim MacKenzie
       (Tim.MacKenzie@fulcrum.com.au), Kevin B. Hendricks
       (kbhend@dogwood.tyler.wm.edu), Stephen Dahmen
       (joyfire@inxpress.net), Ed Jordan (ed@fidalgo.net), David
       Alan Pisoni (david@cnation.com), Doug MacEachern
       (dougm@opengroup.org), Robin Houston (robin@oneworld.org),
       ...and many many more..

       A COMPLETE EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE FORM-BASED SCRIPT

       BUGS

       SEE ALSO

       CCGGII::::AAppaacchhee -- MMaakkee tthhiinnggss wwoorrkk wwiitthh CCGGII..ppmm aaggaaiinnsstt PPeerrll--
       AAppaacchhee AAPPII

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE 1

       NOTE 2

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       CCGGII::::CCaarrpp,, CCGGII::::CCaarrpp - CGI routines for writing to the
       HTTPD (or other) error log

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       REDIRECTING ERROR MESSAGES

       MAKING PERL ERRORS APPEAR IN THE BROWSER WINDOW

       Changing the default message

       CHANGE LOG

       AUTHORS

       SEE ALSO

       CCGGII::::CCooookkiiee -- IInntteerrffaaccee ttoo NNeettssccaappee CCooookkiieess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       USING CGI::Cookie
       11.. eexxppiirraattiioonn ddaattee, 22.. ddoommaaiinn, 33.. ppaatthh, 44.. sseeccuurree ffllaagg

       Creating New Cookies

       Sending the Cookie to the Browser

       Recovering Previous Cookies

       Manipulating Cookies
            nnaammee(()), vvaalluuee(()), ddoommaaiinn(()), ppaatthh(()), eexxppiirreess(())

       AUTHOR INFORMATION

       BUGS

       SEE ALSO

       CCGGII::::FFaasstt -- CCGGII IInntteerrffaaccee ffoorr FFaasstt CCGGII

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OTHER PIECES OF THE PUZZLE

       WRITING FASTCGI PERL SCRIPTS

       INSTALLING FASTCGI SCRIPTS

       USING FASTCGI SCRIPTS AS CGI SCRIPTS

       CAVEATS

       AUTHOR INFORMATION

       BUGS

       SEE ALSO

       CCGGII::::PPuusshh -- SSiimmppllee IInntteerrffaaccee ttoo SSeerrvveerr PPuusshh

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       USING CGI::Push
       -next_page, -last_page, -type, -delay, -cookie, -target,
       -expires

       Heterogeneous Pages

       Changing the Page Delay on the Fly

       INSTALLING CGI::Push SCRIPTS

       CAVEATS

       AUTHOR INFORMATION

       BUGS

       SEE ALSO

       CCGGII::::SSwwiittcchh -- TTrryy mmoorree tthhaann oonnee ccoonnssttrruuccttoorrss aanndd rreettuurrnn
       tthhee ffiirrsstt oobbjjeecctt aavvaaiillaabbllee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       CCPPAANN -- qquueerryy,, ddoowwnnllooaadd aanndd bbuuiilldd ppeerrll mmoodduulleess ffrroomm CCPPAANN
       ssiitteess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Interactive Mode
            Searching for authors, bundles, distribution files
            and modules, make, test, install, clean modules or
            distributions, readme, look module or distribution,
            Signals

       CPAN::Shell

       autobundle

       recompile

       The four CPAN::* Classes: Author, Bundle, Module,
            Distribution

       Programmer's interface
            expand($type,@things), Programming Examples

       Methods in the four

       Cache Manager

       Bundles

       Prerequisites

       Finding packages and VERSION

       Debugging

       Floppy, Zip, and all that Jazz

       CONFIGURATION
       o conf <scalar option>, o conf <scalar option> <value>, o
       conf <list option>, o conf <list option> [shift|pop], o
       conf <list option> [unshift|push|splice] <list>

       CD-ROM support

       SECURITY

       EXPORT

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       SEE ALSO

       CCPPAANN::::FFiirrssttTTiimmee -- UUttiilliittyy ffoorr CCPPAANN::::CCoonnffiigg ffiillee
       IInniittiiaalliizzaattiioonn

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       CCPPAANNooxx,, CCPPAANN::::NNooxx -- WWrraappppeerr aarroouunndd CCPPAANN..ppmm wwiitthhoouutt uussiinngg
       aannyy XXSS mmoodduullee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SEE ALSO

       CCaarrpp,, ccaarrpp    -- wwaarrnn ooff eerrrroorrss ((ffrroomm ppeerrssppeeccttiivvee ooff
       ccaalllleerr))

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Forcing a Stack Trace

       CCllaassss::::SSttrruucctt -- ddeeccllaarree ssttrruucctt--lliikkee ddaattaattyyppeess aass PPeerrll
       ccllaasssseess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       The struct() function

       Element Types and Accessor Methods
            Scalar ('$' or '*$'), Array ('@' or '*@'), Hash ('%'
            or '*%'), Class ('Class_Name' or '*Class_Name')

       EXAMPLES
       Example 1, Example 2

       Author and Modification History

       CCwwdd,, ggeettccwwdd -- ggeett ppaatthhnnaammee ooff ccuurrrreenntt wwoorrkkiinngg ddiirreeccttoorryy

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       DDBB_<i>_FFiillee -- PPeerrll55 aacccceessss ttoo BBeerrkkeelleeyy DDBB vveerrssiioonn 11..xx

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       DDBB_<i>_HHAASSHH, DDBB_<i>_BBTTRREEEE, DDBB_<i>_RREECCNNOO

       Using DB_File with Berkeley DB version 2

       Interface to Berkeley DB

       Opening a Berkeley DB Database File

       Default Parameters

       In Memory Databases

       DB_HASH

       A Simple Example

       DB_BTREE

       Changing the BTREE sort order

       Handling Duplicate Keys

       The get_dup() Method

       Matching Partial Keys

       DB_RECNO

       The 'bval' Option

       A Simple Example

       Extra Methods
            $$XX--><b>>ppuusshh((lliisstt)) ;;, $$vvaalluuee == $$XX--><b>>ppoopp ;;, $$XX--><b>>sshhiifftt,
            $$XX--><b>>uunnsshhiifftt((lliisstt)) ;;, $$XX--><b>>lleennggtthh

       Another Example

       THE API INTERFACE
       $$ssttaattuuss == $$XX--><b>>ggeett(($$kkeeyy,, $$vvaalluuee [[,, $$ffllaaggss]])) ;;, $$ssttaattuuss ==
       $$XX--><b>>ppuutt(($$kkeeyy,, $$vvaalluuee [[,, $$ffllaaggss]])) ;;, $$ssttaattuuss == $$XX--><b>>ddeell(($$kkeeyy
       [[,, $$ffllaaggss]])) ;;, $$ssttaattuuss == $$XX--><b>>ffdd ;;, $$ssttaattuuss == $$XX--><b>>sseeqq(($$kkeeyy,,
       $$vvaalluuee,, $$ffllaaggss)) ;;, $$ssttaattuuss == $$XX--><b>>ssyynncc(([[$$ffllaaggss]])) ;;

       HINTS AND TIPS

       Locking Databases

       Sharing Databases With C Applications

       The untie() Gotcha

       COMMON QUESTIONS

       Why is there Perl source in my database?

       How do I store complex data structures with DB_File?

       What does """"Invalid Argument"""" mean?

       What does """"Bareword 'DB_File' not allowed"""" mean?

       HISTORY

       BUGS

       AVAILABILITY

       COPYRIGHT

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       DDaattaa::::DDuummppeerr -- ssttrriinnggiiffiieedd ppeerrll ddaattaa ssttrruuccttuurreess,, ssuuiittaabbllee
       ffoorr bbootthh pprriinnttiinngg aanndd eevvaall

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Methods
            PACKAGE->new(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Dump  or
            PACKAGE->Dump(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Dumpxs or
            PACKAGE->Dumpxs(ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF]),
            $OBJ->Seen([HASHREF]), $OBJ->Values([ARRAYREF]),
            $OBJ->Names([ARRAYREF]), $OBJ->Reset

       Functions
            Dumper(LIST), DumperX(LIST)

       Configuration Variables or Methods
            $Data::Dumper::Indent  or  $OBJ->Indent([NEWVAL]),
            $Data::Dumper::Purity  or  $OBJ->Purity([NEWVAL]),
            $Data::Dumper::Pad  or  $OBJ->Pad([NEWVAL]),
            $Data::Dumper::Varname   or  $OBJ->Varname([NEWVAL]),
            $Data::Dumper::Useqq  or  $OBJ->Useqq([NEWVAL]),
            $Data::Dumper::Terse  or  $OBJ->Terse([NEWVAL]),
            $Data::Dumper::Freezer   or  $OBJ->Freezer([NEWVAL]),
            $Data::Dumper::Toaster   or  $OBJ->Toaster([NEWVAL]),
            $Data::Dumper::Deepcopy
            or    $OBJ->Deepcopy([NEWVAL]),
            $Data::Dumper::Quotekeys  or
            $OBJ->Quotekeys([NEWVAL]), $Data::Dumper::Bless  or
            $OBJ->Bless([NEWVAL])

       Exports
            Dumper

       EXAMPLES

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       VERSION

       SEE ALSO

       DDeevveell::::SSeellffSSttuubbbbeerr -- ggeenneerraattee ssttuubbss ffoorr aa SSeellffLLooaaddiinngg
       mmoodduullee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       DDiirrHHaannddllee -- ssuuppppllyy oobbjjeecctt mmeetthhooddss ffoorr ddiirreeccttoorryy hhaannddlleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EEnngglliisshh -- uussee nniiccee EEnngglliisshh ((oorr aawwkk)) nnaammeess ffoorr uuggllyy
       ppuunnccttuuaattiioonn vvaarriiaabblleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EEnnvv -- ppeerrll mmoodduullee tthhaatt iimmppoorrttss eennvviirroonnmmeenntt vvaarriiaabblleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       EExxppoorrtteerr -- IImmpplleemmeennttss ddeeffaauulltt iimmppoorrtt mmeetthhoodd ffoorr mmoodduulleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Selecting What To Export

       Specialised Import Lists

       Exporting without using Export's import method

       Module Version Checking

       Managing Unknown Symbols

       Tag Handling Utility Functions

       EExxttUUttiillss::::CCoommmmaanndd -- uuttiilliittiieess ttoo rreeppllaaccee ccoommmmoonn UUNNIIXX
       ccoommmmaannddss iinn MMaakkeeffiilleess eettcc..

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       cat, eqtime src dst, rm_f files..., rm_f files..., touch
       files .., mv source... destination, cp source...
       destination, chmod mode files.., mkpath directory..,
       test_f file

       BUGS

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       EExxttUUttiillss::::EEmmbbeedd -- UUttiilliittiieess ffoorr eemmbbeeddddiinngg PPeerrll iinn CC//CC++++
       aapppplliiccaattiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       @EXPORT

       FUNCTIONS
       xsinit(), Examples, ldopts(), Examples, perl_inc(),
       ccflags(), ccdlflags(), ccopts(), xsi_header(),
       xsi_protos(@modules), xsi_body(@modules)

       EXAMPLES

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       EExxttUUttiillss::::IInnssttaallll -- iinnssttaallll ffiilleess ffrroomm hheerree ttoo tthheerree

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EExxttUUttiillss::::IInnssttaalllleedd -- IInnvveennttoorryy mmaannaaggeemmeenntt ooff iinnssttaalllleedd
       mmoodduulleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       USAGE

       FUNCTIONS
       new(), modules(), files(), directories(),
       directory_tree(), validate(), packlist(), version()

       EXAMPLE

       AUTHOR

       EExxttUUttiillss::::LLiibblliisstt -- ddeetteerrmmiinnee lliibbrraarriieess ttoo uussee aanndd hhooww ttoo
       uussee tthheemm

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       For static extensions, For dynamic extensions, For dynamic
       extensions

       EXTRALIBS

       LDLOADLIBS and LD_RUN_PATH

       BSLOADLIBS

       PORTABILITY

       VMS implementation

       Win32 implementation

       SEE ALSO

       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMMM_<i>_OOSS22 -- mmeetthhooddss ttoo oovveerrrriiddee UUNN**XX bbeehhaavviioouurr iinn
       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMaakkeeMMaakkeerr

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMMM_<i>_UUnniixx -- mmeetthhooddss uusseedd bbyy EExxttUUttiillss::::MMaakkeeMMaakkeerr

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       METHODS

       Preloaded methods
            canonpath, catdir, catfile, curdir, rootdir, updir

       SelfLoaded methods
            c_o (o), cflags (o), clean (o), const_cccmd (o),
            const_config (o), const_loadlibs (o), constants (o),
            depend (o), dir_target (o), dist (o), dist_basics
            (o), dist_ci (o), dist_core (o), dist_dir (o),
            dist_test (o), dlsyms (o), dynamic (o), dynamic_bs
            (o), dynamic_lib (o), exescan, extliblist,
            file_name_is_absolute, find_perl

       Methods to actually produce chunks of text for the
            Makefile
            fixin, force (o), guess_name, has_link_code,
            init_dirscan, init_main, init_others, install (o),
            installbin (o), libscan (o), linkext (o), lsdir,
            macro (o), makeaperl (o), makefile (o), manifypods
            (o), maybe_command, maybe_command_in_dirs,
            needs_linking (o), nicetext, parse_version,
            parse_abstract, pasthru (o), path, perl_script,
            perldepend (o), ppd, perm_rw (o), perm_rwx (o),
            pm_to_blib, post_constants (o), post_initialize (o),
            postamble (o), prefixify, processPL (o), realclean
            (o), replace_manpage_separator, static (o),
            static_lib (o), staticmake (o), subdir_x (o), subdirs
            (o), test (o), test_via_harness (o), test_via_script
            (o), tool_autosplit (o), tools_other (o), tool_xsubpp
            (o), top_targets (o), writedoc, xs_c (o), xs_o (o),
            perl_archive, export_list

       SEE ALSO

       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMMM_<i>_VVMMSS -- mmeetthhooddss ttoo oovveerrrriiddee UUNN**XX bbeehhaavviioouurr iinn
       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMaakkeeMMaakkeerr

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Methods always loaded
            eliminate_macros, fixpath, catdir, catfile, wraplist,
            curdir (override), rootdir (override), updir
            (override)

       SelfLoaded methods
            guess_name (override), find_perl (override), path
            (override), maybe_command (override),
            maybe_command_in_dirs (override), perl_script
            (override), file_name_is_absolute (override),
            replace_manpage_separator, init_others (override),
            constants (override), cflags (override), const_cccmd
            (override), pm_to_blib (override), tool_autosplit
            (override), tool_sxubpp (override), xsubpp_version
            (override), tools_other (override), dist (override),
            c_o (override), xs_c (override), xs_o (override),
            top_targets (override), dlsyms (override),
            dynamic_lib (override), dynamic_bs (override),
            static_lib (override), manifypods (override),
            processPL (override), installbin (override), subdir_x
            (override), clean (override), realclean (override),
            dist_basics (override), dist_core (override),
            dist_dir (override), dist_test (override), install
            (override), perldepend (override), makefile
            (override), test (override), test_via_harness
            (override), test_via_script (override), makeaperl
            (override), nicetext (override)

       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMMM_<i>_WWiinn3322 -- mmeetthhooddss ttoo oovveerrrriiddee UUNN**XX bbeehhaavviioouurr iinn
       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMaakkeeMMaakkeerr

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       catfile, constants (o), static_lib (o), dynamic_bs (o),
       dynamic_lib (o), canonpath, perl_script, pm_to_blib,
       test_via_harness (o), tool_autosplit (override),
       tools_other (o), xs_o (o), top_targets (o), manifypods
       (o), dist_ci (o), dist_core (o), pasthru (o)

       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMaakkeeMMaakkeerr -- ccrreeaattee aann eexxtteennssiioonn MMaakkeeffiillee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       How To Write A Makefile.PL

       Default Makefile Behaviour

       make test

       make testdb

       make install

       PREFIX and LIB attribute

       AFS users

       Static Linking of a new Perl Binary

       Determination of Perl Library and Installation Locations

       Which architecture dependent directory?

       Using Attributes and Parameters
            C, CCFLAGS, CONFIG, CONFIGURE, DEFINE, DIR, DISTNAME,
            DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, EXCLUDE_EXT, EXE_FILES, NO_VC,
            FIRST_MAKEFILE, FULLPERL, H, IMPORTS, INC,
            INCLUDE_EXT, INSTALLARCHLIB, INSTALLBIN, INSTALLDIRS,
            INSTALLMAN1DIR, INSTALLMAN3DIR, INSTALLPRIVLIB,
            INSTALLSCRIPT, INSTALLSITELIB, INSTALLSITEARCH,
            INST_ARCHLIB, INST_BIN, INST_EXE, INST_LIB,
            INST_MAN1DIR, INST_MAN3DIR, INST_SCRIPT, LDFROM,
            LIBPERL_A, LIB, LIBS, LINKTYPE, MAKEAPERL, MAKEFILE,
            MAN1PODS, MAN3PODS, MAP_TARGET, MYEXTLIB, NAME,
            NEEDS_LINKING, NOECHO, NORECURS, OBJECT, OPTIMIZE,
            PERL, PERLMAINCC, PERL_ARCHLIB, PERL_LIB, PERL_SRC,
            PERM_RW, PERM_RWX, PL_FILES, PM, PMLIBDIRS, PREFIX,
            PREREQ_PM, SKIP, TYPEMAPS, VERSION, VERSION_FROM, XS,
            XSOPT, XSPROTOARG, XS_VERSION

       Additional lowercase attributes
            clean, depend, dist, dynamic_lib, installpm, linkext,
            macro, realclean, tool_autosplit

       Overriding MakeMaker Methods

       Hintsfile support

       Distribution Support
            make distcheck,    make skipcheck,    make
            distclean,   make manifest, make distdir,   make
            tardist,   make dist,    make uutardist,    make
            shdist,    make zipdist,    make ci

       Disabling an extension

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHORS

       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMaanniiffeesstt -- uuttiilliittiieess ttoo wwrriittee aanndd cchheecckk aa
       MMAANNIIFFEESSTT ffiillee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       MANIFEST.SKIP

       EXPORT_OK

       GLOBAL VARIABLES

       DIAGNOSTICS
       Not in MANIFEST: file, No such file: file, MANIFEST: $!,
       Added to MANIFEST: file

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMkkbboooottssttrraapp -- mmaakkee aa bboooottssttrraapp ffiillee ffoorr uussee bbyy
       DDyynnaaLLooaaddeerr

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EExxttUUttiillss::::MMkkssyymmlliissttss -- wwrriittee lliinnkkeerr ooppttiioonnss ffiilleess ffoorr
       ddyynnaammiicc eexxtteennssiioonn

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       NAME, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, FILE, FUNCLIST, DLBASE

       AUTHOR

       REVISION

       EExxttUUttiillss::::PPaacckklliisstt -- mmaannaaggee ..ppaacckklliisstt ffiilleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       USAGE

       FUNCTIONS
       new(), read(), write(), validate(), packlist_file()

       EXAMPLE

       AUTHOR

       EExxttUUttiillss::::tteessttlliibb -- aadddd bblliibb//** ddiirreeccttoorriieess ttoo @@IINNCC

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       FFaattaall -- rreeppllaaccee ffuunnccttiioonnss wwiitthh eeqquuiivvaalleennttss wwhhiicchh ssuucccceeeedd
       oorr ddiiee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       FFccnnttll -- llooaadd tthhee CC FFccnnttll..hh ddeeffiinneess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE

       EXPORTED SYMBOLS

       FFiillee::::BBaasseennaammee,, ffiilleeppaarrssee -- sspplliitt aa ppaatthhnnaammee iinnttoo ppiieecceess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       fileparse_set_fstype, fileparse

       EXAMPLES
       basename, dirname

       FFiillee::::CChheecckkTTrreeee,, vvaalliiddaattee -- rruunn mmaannyy ffiilleetteesstt cchheecckkss oonn aa
       ttrreeee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       FFiillee::::CCoommppaarree -- CCoommppaarree ffiilleess oorr ffiilleehhaannddlleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       RETURN

       AUTHOR

       FFiillee::::CCooppyy -- CCooppyy ffiilleess oorr ffiilleehhaannddlleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Special behavior if syscopy is defined (VMS and OS/2)
            rmscopy($from,$to[,$date_flag])

       RETURN

       AUTHOR

       FFiillee::::DDoossGGlloobb -- DDOOSS lliikkee gglloobbbbiinngg aanndd tthheenn ssoommee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXPORTS (by request only)

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       HISTORY

       SEE ALSO

       FFiillee::::FFiinndd,, ffiinndd -- ttrraavveerrssee aa ffiillee ttrreeee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       BUGS

       FFiillee::::PPaatthh -- ccrreeaattee oorr rreemmoovvee aa sseerriieess ooff ddiirreeccttoorriieess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHORS

       REVISION

       FFiillee::::SSppeecc -- ppoorrttaabbllyy ppeerrffoorrmm ooppeerraattiioonnss oonn ffiillee nnaammeess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHORS

       FFiillee::::SSppeecc::::MMaacc -- FFiillee::::SSppeecc ffoorr MMaaccOOSS

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       METHODS
       canonpath, catdir, catfile, curdir, rootdir, updir,
       file_name_is_absolute, path

       SEE ALSO

       FFiillee::::SSppeecc::::OOSS22 -- mmeetthhooddss ffoorr OOSS//22 ffiillee ssppeeccss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       FFiillee::::SSppeecc::::UUnniixx -- mmeetthhooddss uusseedd bbyy FFiillee::::SSppeecc

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       METHODS
       canonpath, catdir, catfile, curdir, rootdir, updir,
       no_upwards, file_name_is_absolute, path, join, nativename

       SEE ALSO

       FFiillee::::SSppeecc::::VVMMSS -- mmeetthhooddss ffoorr VVMMSS ffiillee ssppeeccss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Methods always loaded
            catdir, catfile, curdir (override), rootdir
            (override), updir (override), path (override),
            file_name_is_absolute (override)

       FFiillee::::SSppeecc::::WWiinn3322 -- mmeetthhooddss ffoorr WWiinn3322 ffiillee ssppeeccss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       catfile, canonpath

       FFiillee::::ssttaatt -- bbyy--nnaammee iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll''ss bbuuiilltt--iinn stat()
       functions

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE

       AUTHOR

       FFiilleeCCaacchhee -- kkeeeepp mmoorree ffiilleess ooppeenn tthhaann tthhee ssyysstteemm ppeerrmmiittss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       BUGS

       FFiilleeHHaannddllee -- ssuuppppllyy oobbjjeecctt mmeetthhooddss ffoorr ffiilleehhaannddlleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       $fh->print, $fh->printf, $fh->getline, $fh->getlines

       SEE ALSO

       FFiinnddBBiinn -- LLooccaattee ddiirreeccttoorryy ooff oorriiggiinnaall ppeerrll ssccrriipptt

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXPORTABLE VARIABLES

       KNOWN BUGS

       AUTHORS

       COPYRIGHT

       REVISION

       GGDDBBMM_<i>_FFiillee -- PPeerrll55 aacccceessss ttoo tthhee ggddbbmm lliibbrraarryy..

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AVAILABILITY

       BUGS

       SEE ALSO

       GGeettoopptt::::LLoonngg,, GGeettOOppttiioonnss -- eexxtteennddeedd pprroocceessssiinngg ooff ccoommmmaanndd
       lliinnee ooppttiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       !, +, :s, :i, :f

       Linkage specification

       Aliases and abbreviations

       Non-option call-back routine

       Option starters

       Return values and Errors

       COMPATIBILITY

       EXAMPLES

       CONFIGURATION OPTIONS
       default, auto_abbrev, getopt_compat, require_order,
       permute, bundling (default: reset), bundling_override
       (default: reset), ignore_case (default: set),
       ignore_case_always (default: reset), pass_through
       (default: reset), prefix, prefix_pattern, debug (default:
       reset)

       OTHER USEFUL VARIABLES
       $Getopt::Long::VERSION, $Getopt::Long::error

       AUTHOR

       COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER

       GGeettoopptt::::SSttdd,, ggeettoopptt -- PPrroocceessss ssiinnggllee--cchhaarraacctteerr sswwiittcchheess
       wwiitthh sswwiittcchh cclluusstteerriinngg

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       II1188NN::::CCoollllaattee -- ccoommppaarree 88--bbiitt ssccaallaarr ddaattaa aaccccoorrddiinngg ttoo tthhee
       ccuurrrreenntt llooccaallee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       IIOO -- llooaadd vvaarriioouuss IIOO mmoodduulleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       IIOO::::lliibb::::IIOO::::FFiillee,, IIOO::::FFiillee -- ssuuppppllyy oobbjjeecctt mmeetthhooddss ffoorr
       ffiilleehhaannddlleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       CONSTRUCTOR
       new ([ ARGS ] ), new_tmpfile

       METHODS
       open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] )

       SEE ALSO

       HISTORY

       IIOO::::lliibb::::IIOO::::HHaannddllee,, IIOO::::HHaannddllee -- ssuuppppllyy oobbjjeecctt mmeetthhooddss
       ffoorr II//OO hhaannddlleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       CONSTRUCTOR
       new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )

       METHODS
       $fh->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $fh->opened, $fh->getline,
       $fh->getlines, $fh->ungetc ( ORD ), $fh->write ( BUF, LEN
       [, OFFSET }\] ), $fh->flush, $fh->error, $fh->clearerr,
       $fh->untaint

       NOTE

       SEE ALSO

       BUGS

       HISTORY

       IIOO::::lliibb::::IIOO::::PPiippee,, IIOO::::ppiippee -- ssuuppppllyy oobbjjeecctt mmeetthhooddss ffoorr
       ppiippeess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       CONSTRCUTOR
       new ( [READER, WRITER] )

       METHODS
       reader ([ARGS]), writer ([ARGS]), handles ()

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       COPYRIGHT

       IIOO::::lliibb::::IIOO::::SSeeeekkaabbllee,, IIOO::::SSeeeekkaabbllee -- ssuuppppllyy sseeeekk bbaasseedd
       mmeetthhooddss ffoorr II//OO oobbjjeeccttss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SEE ALSO

       HISTORY

       IIOO::::lliibb::::IIOO::::SSeelleecctt,, IIOO::::SSeelleecctt -- OOOO iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo tthhee
       sseelleecctt ssyysstteemm ccaallll

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       CONSTRUCTOR
       new ( [ HANDLES ] )

       METHODS
       add ( HANDLES ), remove ( HANDLES ), exists ( HANDLE ),
       handles, can_read ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), can_write ( [ TIMEOUT ]
       ), has_error ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), count (), bits(), bits(),
       select ( READ, WRITE, ERROR [, TIMEOUT ] )

       EXAMPLE

       AUTHOR

       COPYRIGHT

       IIOO::::lliibb::::IIOO::::SSoocckkeett,, IIOO::::SSoocckkeett -- OObbjjeecctt iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo
       ssoocckkeett ccoommmmuunniiccaattiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       CONSTRUCTOR
       new ( [ARGS] )

       METHODS
       accept([PKG]), timeout([VAL]), sockopt(OPT [, VAL]),
       sockdomain, socktype, protocol

       SUB-CLASSES

       IO::Socket::INET

       METHODS
            sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (),
            peerport (), peerhost ()

       IO::Socket::UNIX

       METHODS
            hostpath(), peerpath()

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       COPYRIGHT

       IIPPCC::::OOppeenn22,, ooppeenn22 -- ooppeenn aa pprroocceessss ffoorr bbootthh rreeaaddiinngg aanndd
       wwrriittiinngg

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       WARNING

       SEE ALSO

       IIPPCC::::OOppeenn33,, ooppeenn33 -- ooppeenn aa pprroocceessss ffoorr rreeaaddiinngg,, wwrriittiinngg,,
       aanndd eerrrroorr hhaannddlliinngg

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       WARNING

       IIPPCC::::SSyyssVV -- SSyyssVV IIPPCC ccoonnssttaannttss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       ftok( PATH, ID )

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHORS

       COPYRIGHT

       IIPPCC::::SSyyssVV::::MMssgg,, IIPPCC::::MMssgg -- SSyyssVV MMssgg IIPPCC oobbjjeecctt ccllaassss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       METHODS
       new ( KEY , FLAGS ), id, rcv ( BUF, LEN [, TYPE [, FLAGS
       ]] ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME =>
       VALUE ...] ), snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       COPYRIGHT

       IIPPCC::::SSyyssVV::::SSeemmaapphhoorree,, IIPPCC::::SSeemmaapphhoorree -- SSyyssVV SSeemmaapphhoorree IIPPCC
       oobbjjeecctt ccllaassss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       METHODS
       new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ),
       getpid ( SEM ), getval ( SEM ), getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op (
       OPLIST ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [,
       NAME => VALUE ...] ), setall ( VALUES ), setval ( N ,
       VALUE ), stat

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       COPYRIGHT

       MMaatthh::::BBiiggFFllooaatt -- AArrbbiittrraarryy lleennggtthh ffllooaatt mmaatthh ppaacckkaaggee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       number format, Error returns 'NaN', Division is computed
       to

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       MMaatthh::::BBiiggIInntt -- AArrbbiittrraarryy ssiizzee iinntteeggeerr mmaatthh ppaacckkaaggee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       Canonical notation, Input, Output

       EXAMPLES

       Autocreating constants

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       MMaatthh::::CCoommpplleexx -- ccoommpplleexx nnuummbbeerrss aanndd aassssoocciiaatteedd
       mmaatthheemmaattiiccaall ffuunnccttiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OPERATIONS

       CREATION

       STRINGIFICATION

       USAGE

       ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO OR LOGARITHM OF ZERO

       ERRORS DUE TO INDIGESTIBLE ARGUMENTS

       BUGS

       AUTHORS

       MMaatthh::::TTrriigg -- ttrriiggoonnoommeettrriicc ffuunnccttiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
       ttaann

       ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO

       SIMPLE (REAL) ARGUMENTS, COMPLEX RESULTS

       PLANE ANGLE CONVERSIONS

       RADIAL COORDINATE CONVERSIONS

       COORDINATE SYSTEMS

       3-D ANGLE CONVERSIONS
            cartesian_to_cylindrical, cartesian_to_spherical,
            cylindrical_to_cartesian, cylindrical_to_spherical,
            spherical_to_cartesian, spherical_to_cylindrical

       GREAT CIRCLE DISTANCES

       EXAMPLES

       BUGS

       AUTHORS

       NNDDBBMM_<i>_FFiillee -- TTiieedd aacccceessss ttoo nnddbbmm ffiilleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NNeett::::PPiinngg -- cchheecckk aa rreemmoottee hhoosstt ffoorr rreeaacchhaabbiilliittyy

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Functions
            Net::Ping->new([$proto [, $def_timeout [,
            $bytes]]]);, $p->ping($host [, $timeout]);,
            $p->close();, pingecho($host [, $timeout]);

       WARNING

       NOTES

       NNeett::::hhoosstteenntt -- bbyy--nnaammee iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll''ss bbuuiilltt--iinn
       ggeetthhoosstt**(()) ffuunnccttiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXAMPLES

       NOTE

       AUTHOR

       NNeett::::nneetteenntt -- bbyy--nnaammee iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll''ss bbuuiilltt--iinn
       ggeettnneett**(()) ffuunnccttiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXAMPLES

       NOTE

       AUTHOR

       NNeett::::pprroottooeenntt -- bbyy--nnaammee iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll''ss bbuuiilltt--iinn
       ggeettpprroottoo**(()) ffuunnccttiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE

       AUTHOR

       NNeett::::sseerrvveenntt -- bbyy--nnaammee iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll''ss bbuuiilltt--iinn
       ggeettsseerrvv**(()) ffuunnccttiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXAMPLES

       NOTE

       AUTHOR

       OODDBBMM_<i>_FFiillee -- TTiieedd aacccceessss ttoo ooddbbmm ffiilleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       OOppccooddee -- DDiissaabbllee nnaammeedd ooppccooddeess wwhheenn ccoommppiilliinngg ppeerrll ccooddee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE

       WARNING

       Operator Names and Operator Lists
       an operator name (opname), an operator tag name (optag), a
       negated opname or optag, an operator set (opset)

       Opcode Functions
       opcodes, opset (OP, ...), opset_to_ops (OPSET),
       opset_to_hex (OPSET), full_opset, empty_opset,
       invert_opset (OPSET), verify_opset (OPSET, ...),
       define_optag (OPTAG, OPSET), opmask_add (OPSET), opmask,
       opdesc (OP, ...), opdump (PAT)

       Manipulating Opsets

       TO DO (maybe)

       Predefined Opcode Tags
       :base_core, :base_mem, :base_loop, :base_io, :base_orig,
       :base_math, :base_thread, :default, :filesys_read,
       :sys_db, :browse, :filesys_open, :filesys_write,
       :subprocess, :ownprocess, :others, :still_to_be_decided,
       :dangerous

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHORS

       OOppccooddee::::SSaaffee,, SSaaffee -- CCoommppiillee aanndd eexxeeccuuttee ccooddee iinn
       rreessttrriicctteedd ccoommppaarrttmmeennttss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       a new namespace, an operator mask

       WARNING

       RECENT CHANGES

       Methods in class Safe
            permit (OP, ...), permit_only (OP, ...), deny (OP,
            ...), deny_only (OP, ...), trap (OP, ...), untrap
            (OP, ...), share (NAME, ...), share_from (PACKAGE,
            ARRAYREF), varglob (VARNAME), reval (STRING), rdo
            (FILENAME), root (NAMESPACE), mask (MASK)

       Some Safety Issues
            Memory, CPU, Snooping, Signals, State Changes

       AUTHOR

       OOppccooddee::::ooppss,, ooppss -- PPeerrll pprraaggmmaa ttoo rreessttrriicctt uunnssaaffee
       ooppeerraattiioonnss wwhheenn ccoommppiilliinngg

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SEE ALSO

       PPOOSSIIXX -- PPeerrll iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo IIEEEEEE SSttdd 11000033..11

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE

       CAVEATS

       FUNCTIONS
       _exit, abort, abs, access, acos, alarm, asctime, asin,
       assert, atan, atan2, atexit, atof, atoi, atol, bsearch,
       calloc, ceil, chdir, chmod, chown, clearerr, clock, close,
       closedir, cos, cosh, creat, ctermid, ctime, cuserid,
       difftime, div, dup, dup2, errno, execl, execle, execlp,
       execv, execve, execvp, exit, exp, fabs, fclose, fcntl,
       fdopen, feof, ferror, fflush, fgetc, fgetpos, fgets,
       fileno, floor, fmod, fopen, fork, fpathconf, fprintf,
       fputc, fputs, fread, free, freopen, frexp, fscanf, fseek,
       fsetpos, fstat, ftell, fwrite, getc, getchar, getcwd,
       getegid, getenv, geteuid, getgid, getgrgid, getgrnam,
       getgroups, getlogin, getpgrp, getpid, getppid, getpwnam,
       getpwuid, gets, getuid, gmtime, isalnum, isalpha, isatty,
       iscntrl, isdigit, isgraph, islower, isprint, ispunct,
       isspace, isupper, isxdigit, kill, labs, ldexp, ldiv, link,
       localeconv, localtime, log, log10, longjmp, lseek, malloc,
       mblen, mbstowcs, mbtowc, memchr, memcmp, memcpy, memmove,
       memset, mkdir, mkfifo, mktime, modf, nice, offsetof, open,
       opendir, pathconf, pause, perror, pipe, pow, printf, putc,
       putchar, puts, qsort, raise, rand, read, readdir, realloc,
       remove, rename, rewind, rewinddir, rmdir, scanf, setgid,
       setjmp, setlocale, setpgid, setsid, setuid, sigaction,
       siglongjmp, sigpending, sigprocmask, sigsetjmp,
       sigsuspend, sin, sinh, sleep, sprintf, sqrt, srand,
       sscanf, stat, strcat, strchr, strcmp, strcoll, strcpy,
       strcspn, strerror, strftime, strlen, strncat, strncmp,
       strncpy, stroul, strpbrk, strrchr, strspn, strstr, strtod,
       strtok, strtol, strtoul, strxfrm, sysconf, system, tan,
       tanh, tcdrain, tcflow, tcflush, tcgetpgrp, tcsendbreak,
       tcsetpgrp, time, times, tmpfile, tmpnam, tolower, toupper,
       ttyname, tzname, tzset, umask, uname, ungetc, unlink,
       utime, vfprintf, vprintf, vsprintf, wait, waitpid,
       wcstombs, wctomb, write

       CLASSES

       POSIX::SigAction
            new

       POSIX::SigSet
            new, addset, delset, emptyset, fillset, ismember

       POSIX::Termios
            new, getattr, getcc, getcflag, getiflag, getispeed,
            getlflag, getoflag, getospeed, setattr, setcc,
            setcflag, setiflag, setispeed, setlflag, setoflag,
            setospeed, Baud rate values, Terminal interface
            values, c_cc field values, c_cflag field values,
            c_iflag field values, c_lflag field values, c_oflag
            field values

       PATHNAME CONSTANTS
       Constants

       POSIX CONSTANTS
       Constants

       SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
       Constants

       ERRNO
       Constants

       FCNTL
       Constants

       FLOAT
       Constants

       LIMITS
       Constants

       LOCALE
       Constants

       MATH
       Constants

       SIGNAL
       Constants

       STAT
       Constants, Macros

       STDLIB
       Constants

       STDIO
       Constants

       TIME
       Constants

       UNISTD
       Constants

       WAIT
       Constants, Macros

       CREATION

       PPoodd::::HHttmmll -- mmoodduullee ttoo ccoonnvveerrtt ppoodd ffiilleess ttoo HHTTMMLL

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       ARGUMENTS
       help, htmlroot, infile, outfile, podroot, podpath,
       libpods, netscape, nonetscape, index, noindex, recurse,
       norecurse, title, verbose

       EXAMPLE

       AUTHOR

       BUGS

       SEE ALSO

       COPYRIGHT

       PPoodd::::TTeexxtt -- ccoonnvveerrtt PPOODD ddaattaa ttoo ffoorrmmaatttteedd AASSCCIIII tteexxtt

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       TODO

       SSDDBBMM_<i>_FFiillee -- TTiieedd aacccceessss ttoo ssddbbmm ffiilleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SSeeaarrcchh::::DDiicctt,, llooookk -- sseeaarrcchh ffoorr kkeeyy iinn ddiiccttiioonnaarryy ffiillee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SSeelleeccttSSaavveerr -- ssaavvee aanndd rreessttoorree sseelleecctteedd ffiillee hhaannddllee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SSeellffLLooaaddeerr -- llooaadd ffuunnccttiioonnss oonnllyy oonn ddeemmaanndd

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       The __DATA__ token

       SelfLoader autoloading

       Autoloading and package lexicals

       SelfLoader and AutoLoader

       __DATA__, __END__, and the FOOBAR::DATA filehandle.

       Classes and inherited methods.

       Multiple packages and fully qualified subroutine names

       SShheellll -- rruunn sshheellll ccoommmmaannddss ttrraannssppaarreennttllyy wwiitthhiinn ppeerrll

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       SSoocckkeett,, ssoocckkaaddddrr_<i>_iinn,, ssoocckkaaddddrr_<i>_uunn,, iinneett_<i>_aattoonn,, iinneett_<i>_nnttooaa --
       llooaadd tthhee CC ssoocckkeett..hh ddeeffiinneess aanndd ssttrruuccttuurree mmaanniippuullaattoorrss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       inet_aton HOSTNAME, inet_ntoa IP_ADDRESS, INADDR_ANY,
       INADDR_BROADCAST, INADDR_LOOPBACK, INADDR_NONE,
       sockaddr_in PORT, ADDRESS, sockaddr_in SOCKADDR_IN,
       pack_sockaddr_in PORT, IP_ADDRESS, unpack_sockaddr_in
       SOCKADDR_IN, sockaddr_un PATHNAME, sockaddr_un
       SOCKADDR_UN, pack_sockaddr_un PATH, unpack_sockaddr_un
       SOCKADDR_UN

       SSyymmbbooll -- mmaanniippuullaattee PPeerrll ssyymmbboollss aanndd tthheeiirr nnaammeess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       SSyyss::::HHoossttnnaammee -- TTrryy eevveerryy ccoonncceeiivvaabbllee wwaayy ttoo ggeett hhoossttnnaammee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       SSyysslloogg,, SSyyss::::SSyysslloogg,, ooppeennlloogg,, cclloosseelloogg,, sseettllooggmmaasskk,, ssyysslloogg
       -- PPeerrll iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo tthhee UUNNIIXX syslog(3) calls

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       openlog $ident, $logopt, $facility, syslog $priority,
       $format, @args, setlogmask $mask_priority, setlogsock
       $sock_type (added in 5.004_02), closelog

       EXAMPLES

       DEPENDENCIES

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       TTeerrmm::::CCaapp -- PPeerrll tteerrmmccaapp iinntteerrffaaccee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXAMPLES

       TTeerrmm::::CCoommpplleettee -- PPeerrll wwoorrdd ccoommpplleettiioonn mmoodduullee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       <tab>, ^D, ^U, <del>, <bs>

       DIAGNOSTICS

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       TTeerrmm::::RReeaaddLLiinnee -- PPeerrll iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo vvaarriioouuss rreeaaddlliinnee
       packages. If no real package is found, substitutes stubs
       instead of basic functions.

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       Minimal set of supported functions
       ReadLine, new, readline, addhistory, IN, $OUT, MinLine,
       findConsole, Attribs, Features

       Additional supported functions
       tkRunning, ornaments, newTTY

       EXPORTS

       ENVIRONMENT

       TTeesstt -- pprroovviiddeess aa ssiimmppllee ffrraammeewwoorrkk ffoorr wwrriittiinngg tteesstt
       ssccrriippttss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       TEST TYPES
       NORMAL TESTS, SKIPPED TESTS, TODO TESTS

       ONFAIL

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHOR

       TTeesstt::::HHaarrnneessss -- rruunn ppeerrll ssttaannddaarrdd tteesstt ssccrriippttss wwiitthh
       ssttaattiissttiiccss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       The test script output

       EXPORT

       DIAGNOSTICS
       All tests successful.\nFiles=%d,  Tests=%d, %s, FAILED
       tests %s\n\tFailed %d/%d tests, %.2f%% okay., Test
       returned status %d (wstat %d), Failed 1 test, %.2f%% okay.
       %s, Failed %d/%d tests, %.2f%% okay.  %s

       ENVIRONMENT

       SEE ALSO

       AUTHORS

       BUGS

       TTeexxtt::::AAbbbbrreevv,, aabbbbrreevv -- ccrreeaattee aann aabbbbrreevviiaattiioonn ttaabbllee ffrroomm aa
       lliisstt

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXAMPLE

       TTeexxtt::::PPaarrsseeWWoorrddss -- ppaarrssee tteexxtt iinnttoo aann aarrrraayy ooff ttookkeennss oorr
       aarrrraayy ooff aarrrraayyss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXAMPLES
       0a simple word, 1multiple spaces are skipped because of
       our $delim, 2use of quotes to include a space in a word,
       3use of a backslash to include a space in a word, 4use of
       a backslash to remove the special meaning of a double-
       quote, 5another simple word (note the lack of effect of
       the backslashed double-quote)

       AUTHORS

       TTeexxtt::::SSoouunnddeexx -- IImmpplleemmeennttaattiioonn ooff tthhee SSoouunnddeexx AAllggoorriitthhmm aass
       DDeessccrriibbeedd bbyy KKnnuutthh

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXAMPLES

       LIMITATIONS

       AUTHOR

       TTeexxtt::::TTaabbss ---- eexxppaanndd aanndd uunneexxppaanndd ttaabbss ppeerr tthhee uunniixx
       expand(1) and unexpand(1)

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       TTeexxtt::::WWrraapp -- lliinnee wwrraappppiinngg ttoo ffoorrmm ssiimmppllee ppaarraaggrraapphhss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXAMPLE

       BUGS

       AUTHOR

       TThhrreeaadd -- mmuullttiitthhrreeaaddiinngg

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       FUNCTIONS
       new \&start_sub, new \&start_sub, LIST, lock VARIABLE,
       async BLOCK;, Thread->self, Thread->list, cond_wait
       VARIABLE, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE

       METHODS
       join, eval, tid

       LIMITATIONS

       SEE ALSO

       TThhrreeaadd::::QQuueeuuee -- tthhrreeaadd--ssaaffee qquueeuueess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       FUNCTIONS AND METHODS
       new, enqueue LIST, dequeue, dequeue_nb, pending

       SEE ALSO

       TThhrreeaadd::::SSeemmaapphhoorree -- tthhrreeaadd--ssaaffee sseemmaapphhoorreess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       FUNCTIONS AND METHODS
       new, new NUMBER, down, down NUMBER, up, up NUMBER

       TThhrreeaadd::::SSiiggnnaall -- SSttaarrtt aa tthhrreeaadd wwhhiicchh rruunnss ssiiggnnaall hhaannddlleerrss
       rreelliiaabbllyy

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       BUGS

       TThhrreeaadd::::SSppeecciiffiicc -- tthhrreeaadd--ssppeecciiffiicc kkeeyyss

       SYNOPSIS

       TTiiee::::AArrrraayy -- bbaassee ccllaassss ffoorr ttiieedd aarrrraayyss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       TIEARRAY classname, LIST, STORE this, index, value, FETCH
       this, index, FETCHSIZE this, STORESIZE this, count, EXTEND
       this, count, CLEAR this, DESTROY this, PUSH this, LIST,
       POP this, SHIFT this, UNSHIFT this, LIST, SPLICE this,
       offset, length, LIST

       CAVEATS

       AUTHOR

       TTiiee::::HHaannddllee -- bbaassee ccllaassss ddeeffiinniittiioonnss ffoorr ttiieedd hhaannddlleess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, WRITE this, scalar, length,
       offset, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, format, LIST, READ
       this, scalar, length, offset, READLINE this, GETC this,
       DESTROY this

       MORE INFORMATION

       TTiiee::::HHaasshh,, TTiiee::::SSttddHHaasshh -- bbaassee ccllaassss ddeeffiinniittiioonnss ffoorr ttiieedd
       hhaasshheess

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       TIEHASH classname, LIST, STORE this, key, value, FETCH
       this, key, FIRSTKEY this, NEXTKEY this, lastkey, EXISTS
       this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this

       CAVEATS

       MORE INFORMATION

       TTiiee::::RReeffHHaasshh -- uussee rreeffeerreenncceess aass hhaasshh kkeeyyss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       EXAMPLE

       AUTHOR

       VERSION

       SEE ALSO

       TTiiee::::SSccaallaarr,, TTiiee::::SSttddSSccaallaarr -- bbaassee ccllaassss ddeeffiinniittiioonnss ffoorr
       ttiieedd ssccaallaarrss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       TIESCALAR classname, LIST, FETCH this, STORE this, value,
       DESTROY this

       MORE INFORMATION

       TTiiee::::SSuubbssttrrHHaasshh -- FFiixxeedd--ttaabbllee--ssiizzee,, ffiixxeedd--kkeeyy--lleennggtthh
       hhaasshhiinngg

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       CAVEATS

       TTiimmee::::LLooccaall -- eeffffiicciieennttllyy ccoommppuuttee ttiimmee ffrroomm llooccaall aanndd GGMMTT
       ttiimmee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       TTiimmee::::ggmmttiimmee -- bbyy--nnaammee iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll''ss bbuuiilltt--iinn
       gmtime() function

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE

       AUTHOR

       TTiimmee::::llooccaallttiimmee -- bbyy--nnaammee iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll''ss bbuuiilltt--iinn
       localtime() function

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE

       AUTHOR

       TTiimmee::::ttmm -- iinntteerrnnaall oobbjjeecctt uusseedd bbyy TTiimmee::::ggmmttiimmee aanndd
       TTiimmee::::llooccaallttiimmee

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       AUTHOR

       UUNNIIVVEERRSSAALL -- bbaassee ccllaassss ffoorr AALLLL ccllaasssseess ((bblleesssseedd
       rreeffeerreenncceess))

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION
       isa ( TYPE ), can ( METHOD ), VERSION ( [ REQUIRE ] ),
       UNIVERSAL::isa ( VAL, TYPE ), UNIVERSAL::can ( VAL, METHOD
       )

       UUsseerr::::ggrreenntt -- bbyy--nnaammee iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll''ss bbuuiilltt--iinn
       ggeettggrr**(()) ffuunnccttiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE

       AUTHOR

       UUsseerr::::ppwweenntt -- bbyy--nnaammee iinntteerrffaaccee ttoo PPeerrll''ss bbuuiilltt--iinn
       ggeettppww**(()) ffuunnccttiioonnss

       SYNOPSIS

       DESCRIPTION

       NOTE

       AUTHOR

AAUUXXIILLIIAARRYY DDOOCCUUMMEENNTTAATTIIOONN
       Here should be listed all the extra programs'
       documentation, but they don't all have manual pages yet:

       a2p

       s2p

       find2perl

       h2ph

       c2ph

       h2xs

       xsubpp

       pod2man

       wrapsuid

AAUUTTHHOORR
       Larry Wall <larry@wall.org>, with the help of oodles of
       other folks.

27/Mar/1999            perl 5.005, patch 03                     1

PERLTOC(1)       Perl Programmers Reference Guide      PERLTOC(1)

27/Mar/1999            perl 5.005, patch 03                     2