READLINE(3)                                           READLINE(3)

NAME
       readline - get a line from a user with editing

SYNOPSIS
       #include <readline.h>
       #include <history.h>

       char *readline (prompt)
       char *prompt;

COPYRIGHT
       Readline  is Copyright (C) 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996 by
       the Free Software Foundation, Inc.

DESCRIPTION
       readline will read a line from the terminal and return it,
       using prompt as a prompt.  If prompt is null, no prompt is
       issued.  The line returned is allocated with malloc(3), so
       the  caller must free it when finished.  The line returned
       has the final newline removed, so only  the  text  of  the
       line remains.

       readline  offers  editing  capabilities  while the user is
       entering the line.  By default, the line editing  commands
       are  similar  to  those of emacs.  A vi-style line editing
       interface is also available.

RETURN VALUE
       readline returns the text of the line read.  A blank  line
       returns  the  empty  string.   If EOF is encountered while
       reading a line, and the line is empty, NULL  is  returned.
       If  an EOF is read with a non-empty line, it is treated as
       a newline.

NOTATION
       An emacs-style notation  is  used  to  denote  keystrokes.
       Control  keys  are  denoted by C-key, e.g., C-n means Con-
       trol-N.  Similarly, meta keys are denoted by M-key, so M-x
       means Meta-X.  (On keyboards without a meta key, M-x means
       ESC x, i.e., press the Escape key then the  x  key.   This
       makes  ESC  the  meta prefix.  The combination M-C-x means
       ESC-Control-x, or press the Escape key then hold the  Con-
       trol key while pressing the x key.)

       Readline  commands  may  be given numeric arguments, which
       normally act as a repeat count.  Sometimes, however, it is
       the  sign  of the argument that is significant.  Passing a
       negative argument to a command that acts  in  the  forward
       direction  (e.g., kill-line) causes that command to act in
       a backward direction.  Commands whose behavior with  argu-
       ments deviates from this are noted.

       When  a  command  is  described  as killing text, the text
       deleted is saved for possible future retrieval  (yanking).
       The  killed  text  is  saved  in a kill ring.  Consecutive
       kills cause the text to  be  accumulated  into  one  unit,
       which  can  be  yanked all at once.  Commands which do not
       kill text separate the chunks of text on the kill ring.

INITIALIZATION FILE
       Readline is customized by putting commands in an  initial-
       ization file (the inputrc file).  The name of this file is
       taken from the value of the INPUTRC environment  variable.
       If  that  variable  is  unset,  the default is ~/.inputrc.
       When a program which uses the readline library starts  up,
       the  init file is read, and the key bindings and variables
       are set.  There are only a few basic constructs allowed in
       the  readline  init file.  Blank lines are ignored.  Lines
       beginning with a # are comments.  Lines beginning with a $
       indicate  conditional  constructs.  Other lines denote key
       bindings and variable settings.  Each program  using  this
       library may add its own commands and bindings.

       For example, placing

              M-Control-u: universal-argument
       or
              C-Meta-u: universal-argument
       into  the  inputrc  would  make M-C-u execute the readline
       command universal-argument.

       The following  symbolic  character  names  are  recognized
       while processing key bindings: RUBOUT, DEL, ESC, LFD, NEW-
       LINE, RET, RETURN, SPC, SPACE, and TAB.   In  addition  to
       command  names,  readline  allows  keys  to  be bound to a
       string that is inserted when the key is pressed (a macro).

   Key Bindings
       The  syntax  for  controlling  key bindings in the inputrc
       file is simple.  All that is required is the name  of  the
       command or the text of a macro and a key sequence to which
       it should be bound. The name may be specified  in  one  of
       two  ways:  as a symbolic key name, possibly with Meta- or
       Control- prefixes, or as a key sequence.  When  using  the
       form  keyname:function-name  or macro, keyname is the name
       of a key spelled out in English.  For example:

              Control-u: universal-argument
              Meta-Rubout: backward-kill-word
              Control-o: ">&output"

       In the above example, C-u is bound to the function univer-
       sal-argument,   M-DEL  is  bound  to  the  function  back-
       ward-kill-word,  and  C-o  is  bound  to  run  the   macro
       expressed  on  the right hand side (that is, to insert the
       text >&output into the line).

       In the second form, "keyseq":function-name or macro,  key-
       seq differs from keyname above in that strings denoting an
       entire key  sequence  may  be  specified  by  placing  the
       sequence  within  double quotes.  Some GNU Emacs style key
       escapes can be used, as in the following example.

              "\C-u": universal-argument
              "\C-x\C-r": re-read-init-file
              "\e[11~": "Function Key 1"

       In this example, C-u is again bound to the  function  uni-
       versal-argument.    C-x  C-r  is  bound  to  the  function
       re-read-init-file, and ESC [ 1 1 ~ is bound to insert  the
       text  Function  Key  1.   The  full set of GNU Emacs style
       escape sequences is
              \C-    control prefix
              \M-    meta prefix
              \e     an escape character
              \\     backslash
              \"     literal "
              \'     literal '

       In addition to the GNU Emacs  style  escape  sequences,  a
       second set of backslash escapes is available:
              \a     alert (bell)
              \b     backspace
              \d     delete
              \f     form feed
              \n     newline
              \r     carriage return
              \t     horizontal tab
              \v     vertical tab
              \nnn   the  character whose ASCII code is the octal
                     value nnn (one to three digits)
              \xnnn  the character whose ASCII code is  the  hex-
                     adecimal value nnn (one to three digits)

       When entering the text of a macro, single or double quotes
       should be used to indicate a macro  definition.   Unquoted
       text is assumed to be a function name.  In the macro body,
       the backslash escapes described above are expanded.  Back-
       slash  will  quote  any other character in the macro text,
       including " and '.

       Bash allows the current readline key bindings to  be  dis-
       played  or  modified  with  the bind builtin command.  The
       editing mode may be switched  during  interactive  use  by
       using  the  -o  option  to the set builtin command.  Other
       programs using this library  provide  similar  mechanisms.
       The  inputrc  file  may be edited and re-read if a program
       does not provide any other means to incorporate new  bind-
       ings.

   Variables
       Readline  has  variables  that can be used to further cus-
       tomize its behavior.  A variable may be set in the inputrc
       file with a statement of the form

              set variable-name value

       Except where noted, readline variables can take the values
       On or Off.  The variables and their default values are:

       bell-style (audible)
              Controls what happens when readline wants  to  ring
              the  terminal bell.  If set to none, readline never
              rings the bell.  If set to visible, readline uses a
              visible  bell if one is available.  If set to audi-
              ble, readline attempts to ring the terminal's bell.
       comment-begin (``#'')
              The  string  that  is  inserted in vi mode when the
              insert-comment command is executed.   This  command
              is  bound  to M-# in emacs mode and to # in vi com-
              mand mode.
       completion-ignore-case (Off)
              If set to On, readline performs  filename  matching
              and completion in a case-insensitive fashion.
       completion-query-items (100)
              This  determines  when  the  user  is queried about
              viewing the number of possible  completions  gener-
              ated  by  the possible-completions command.  It may
              be set to any integer value greater than  or  equal
              to  zero.  If the number of possible completions is
              greater than or equal to the value  of  this  vari-
              able, the user is asked whether or not he wishes to
              view them; otherwise they are simply listed on  the
              terminal.
       convert-meta (On)
              If set to On, readline will convert characters with
              the eighth bit set to  an  ASCII  key  sequence  by
              stripping  the  eighth bit and prepending an escape
              character (in effect, using escape as the meta pre-
              fix).
       disable-completion (Off)
              If  set  to  On, readline will inhibit word comple-
              tion.  Completion characters will be inserted  into
              the line as if they had been mapped to self-insert.
       editing-mode (emacs)
              Controls whether readline begins with a set of  key
              bindings  similar to emacs or vi.  editing-mode can
              be set to either emacs or vi.
       enable-keypad (Off)
              When set to On, readline will  try  to  enable  the
              application keypad when it is called.  Some systems
              need this to enable the arrow keys.
       expand-tilde (Off)
              If set to on, tilde  expansion  is  performed  when
              readline attempts word completion.
       horizontal-scroll-mode (Off)
              When  set  to  On, makes readline use a single line
              for display, scrolling the input horizontally on  a
              single  screen line when it becomes longer than the
              screen width rather than wrapping to a new line.
       keymap (emacs)
              Set the current readline keymap.  The set of  legal
              keymap  names is emacs, emacs-standard, emacs-meta,
              emacs-ctlx, vi, vi-move, vi-command, and vi-insert.
              vi is equivalent to vi-command; emacs is equivalent
              to emacs-standard.  The default value is emacs; the
              value  of  editing-mode  also  affects  the default
              keymap.
       mark-directories (On)
              If set to On, complete<d  directory  names  have  a
              slash appended.
       mark-modified-lines (Off)
              If set to On, history lines that have been modified
              are displayed with a preceding asterisk (*).
       meta-flag (Off)
              If set to On, readline will enable eight-bit  input
              (that  is,  it will not strip the high bit from the
              characters it reads), regardless of what the termi-
              nal claims it can support.
       output-meta (Off)
              If set to On, readline will display characters with
              the eighth bit set directly rather than as a  meta-
              prefixed escape sequence.
       print-completions-horizontally (Off)
              If  set  to  On,  readline will display completions
              with matches sorted  horizontally  in  alphabetical
              order, rather than down the screen.
       show-all-if-ambiguous (Off)
              This  alters the default behavior of the completion
              functions.  If set to on,  words  which  have  more
              than  one  possible completion cause the matches to
              be listed immediately instead of ringing the  bell.
       visible-stats (Off)
              If set to On, a character denoting a file's type as
              reported by stat(2) is  appended  to  the  filename
              when listing possible completions.

   Conditional Constructs
       Readline  implements  a  facility similar in spirit to the
       conditional compilation features  of  the  C  preprocessor
       which allows key bindings and variable settings to be per-
       formed as the result of  tests.   There  are  four  parser
       directives used.

       $if    The  $if construct allows bindings to be made based
              on the editing mode, the terminal  being  used,  or
              the  application  using  readline.  The text of the
              test extends to the end of the line; no  characters
              are required to isolate it.

              mode   The  mode= form of the $if directive is used
                     to test whether readline is in emacs  or  vi
                     mode.   This may be used in conjunction with
                     the set keymap command, for instance, to set
                     bindings  in  the  emacs-standard and emacs-
                     ctlx keymaps only if  readline  is  starting
                     out in emacs mode.

              term   The term= form may be used to include termi-
                     nal-specific key bindings, perhaps  to  bind
                     the  key  sequences output by the terminal's
                     function keys.  The word on the  right  side
                     of  the = is tested against the full name of
                     the terminal and the portion of the terminal
                     name before the first -.  This allows sun to
                     match both sun and sun-cmd, for instance.

              application
                     The application construct is used to include
                     application-specific settings.  Each program
                     using the readline library sets the applica-
                     tion  name,  and  an initialization file can
                     test for a particular value.  This could  be
                     used to bind key sequences to functions use-
                     ful for a specific program.   For  instance,
                     the  following  command  adds a key sequence
                     that quotes the current or previous word  in
                     Bash:

                     $if bash
                     # Quote the current or previous word
                     "\C-xq": "\eb\"\ef\""
                     $endif

       $endif This command, as seen in the previous example, ter-
              minates an $if command.

       $else  Commands in this branch of the  $if  directive  are
              executed if the test fails.

       $include
              This  directive takes a single filename as an argu-
              ment and reads  commands  and  bindings  from  that
              file.   For  example, the following directive would
              read /etc/inputrc:

              $include  /etc/inputrc

SEARCHING
       Readline provides commands for searching through the  com-
       mand  history  for  lines  containing  a specified string.
       There are two search modes: incremental and  non-incremen-
       tal.

       Incremental  searches  begin  before the user has finished
       typing the search string.  As each character of the search
       string is typed, readline displays the next entry from the
       history matching the string typed so far.  An  incremental
       search  requires only as many characters as needed to find
       the desired history entry.  The Escape character  is  used
       to  terminate  an incremental search.  Control-J will also
       terminate the search.  Control-G will abort an incremental
       search  and restore the original line.  When the search is
       terminated, the history entry containing the search string
       becomes  the current line.  To find other matching entries
       in the history list, type Control-S or Control-R as appro-
       priate.   This will search backward or forward in the his-
       tory for the next line matching the search string typed so
       far.   Any  other key sequence bound to a readline command
       will terminate the search and execute that  command.   For
       instance,  a  newline will terminate the search and accept
       the line, thereby executing the command from  the  history
       list.

       Non-incremental  searches  read  the  entire search string
       before starting to search for matching history lines.  The
       search  string  may be typed by the user or be part of the
       contents of the current line.

EDITING COMMANDS
       The following is a list of the names of the  commands  and
       the  default  key sequences to which they are bound.  Com-
       mand  names  without  an  accompanying  key  sequence  are
       unbound by default.

   Commands for Moving
       beginning-of-line (C-a)
              Move to the start of the current line.
       end-of-line (C-e)
              Move to the end of the line.
       forward-char (C-f)
              Move forward a character.
       backward-char (C-b)
              Move back a character.
       forward-word (M-f)
              Move  forward  to  the end of the next word.  Words
              are composed of  alphanumeric  characters  (letters
              and digits).
       backward-word (M-b)
              Move  back  to  the start of this, or the previous,
              word.  Words are composed of  alphanumeric  charac-
              ters (letters and digits).
       clear-screen (C-l)
              Clear  the  screen  leaving the current line at the
              top of the screen.  With an argument,  refresh  the
              current line without clearing the screen.
       redraw-current-line
              Refresh the current line.

   Commands for Manipulating the History
       accept-line (Newline, Return)
              Accept  the line regardless of where the cursor is.
              If this line is non-empty, add it  to  the  history
              list.  If the line is a modified history line, then
              restore the history line to its original state.
       previous-history (C-p)
              Fetch the previous command from the  history  list,
              moving back in the list.
       next-history (C-n)
              Fetch  the next command from the history list, mov-
              ing forward in the list.
       beginning-of-history (M-<)
              Move to the first line in the history.
       end-of-history (M->)
              Move to the end of the  input  history,  i.e.,  the
              line currently being entered.
       reverse-search-history (C-r)
              Search  backward  starting  at the current line and
              moving `up' through the history as necessary.  This
              is an incremental search.
       forward-search-history (C-s)
              Search  forward  starting  at  the current line and
              moving `down' through  the  history  as  necessary.
              This is an incremental search.
       non-incremental-reverse-search-history (M-p)
              Search backward through the history starting at the
              current line using a non-incremental search  for  a
              string supplied by the user.
       non-incremental-forward-search-history (M-n)
              Search  forward  through  the  history using a non-
              incremental search for a  string  supplied  by  the
              user.
       history-search-forward
              Search  forward  through the history for the string
              of characters between the start of the current line
              and  the current cursor position (the point).  This
              is a non-incremental search.
       history-search-backward
              Search backward through the history for the  string
              of characters between the start of the current line
              and the point.  This is a non-incremental search.
       yank-nth-arg (M-C-y)
              Insert the first argument to the  previous  command
              (usually  the  second word on the previous line) at
              point (the current cursor position).  With an argu-
              ment  n, insert the nth word from the previous com-
              mand (the words in the previous command begin  with
              word  0).  A negative argument inserts the nth word
              from the end of the previous command.
       yank-last-arg (M-., M-_)
              Insert the last argument to  the  previous  command
              (the  last  word  of  the  previous history entry).
              With an argument, behave exactly like yank-nth-arg.
              Successive calls to yank-last-arg move back through
              the history list, inserting the  last  argument  of
              each line in turn.

   Commands for Changing Text
       delete-char (C-d)
              Delete the character under the cursor.  If point is
              at the beginning of the line, there are no  charac-
              ters  in the line, and the last character typed was
              not bound to Bdelete-char, then return EOF.
       backward-delete-char (Rubout)
              Delete the character behind the cursor.  When given
              a  numeric  argument,  save the deleted text on the
              kill ring.
       quoted-insert (C-q, C-v)
              Add the next character that you type  to  the  line
              verbatim.   This  is  how to insert characters like
              C-q, for example.
       tab-insert (M-TAB)
              Insert a tab character.
       self-insert (a, b, A, 1, !, ...)
              Insert the character typed.
       transpose-chars (C-t)
              Drag the character before point  forward  over  the
              character  at  point.  Point moves forward as well.
              If point is at the end of the line, then  transpose
              the  two  characters  before point.  Negative argu-
              ments don't work.
       transpose-words (M-t)
              Drag the word behind the cursor past  the  word  in
              front  of  the  cursor  moving the cursor over that
              word as well.
       upcase-word (M-u)
              Uppercase the current (or following) word.  With  a
              negative argument, uppercase the previous word, but
              do not move point.
       downcase-word (M-l)
              Lowercase the current (or following) word.  With  a
              negative argument, lowercase the previous word, but
              do not move point.
       capitalize-word (M-c)
              Capitalize the current (or following) word.  With a
              negative  argument,  capitalize  the previous word,
              but do not move point.

   Killing and Yanking
       kill-line (C-k)
              Kill the text from the current cursor  position  to
              the end of the line.
       backward-kill-line (C-x Rubout)
              Kill backward to the beginning of the line.
       unix-line-discard (C-u)
              Kill  backward  from  point to the beginning of the
              line.  The killed text is saved on the kill-ring.
       kill-whole-line
              Kill all characters on the current line, no  matter
              where the cursor is.
       kill-word (M-d)
              Kill  from  the  cursor  to  the end of the current
              word, or if between words, to the end of  the  next
              word.   Word  boundaries are the same as those used
              by forward-word.
       backward-kill-word (M-Rubout)
              Kill the word behind the cursor.   Word  boundaries
              are the same as those used by backward-word.
       unix-word-rubout (C-w)
              Kill  the word behind the cursor, using white space
              as a word boundary.  The word boundaries  are  dif-
              ferent from backward-kill-word.
       delete-horizontal-space (M-\)
              Delete all spaces and tabs around point.
       kill-region
              Kill  the  text  between  the point and mark (saved
              cursor position).  This text is referred to as  the
              region.
       copy-region-as-kill
              Copy the text in the region to the kill buffer.
       copy-backward-word
              Copy the word before point to the kill buffer.  The
              word boundaries are the same as backward-word.
       copy-forward-word
              Copy the word following point to the  kill  buffer.
              The word boundaries are the same as forward-word.
       yank (C-y)
              Yank  the  top  of the kill ring into the buffer at
              the cursor.
       yank-pop (M-y)
              Rotate the kill ring, and yank the new  top.   Only
              works following yank or yank-pop.

   Numeric Arguments
       digit-argument (M-0, M-1, ..., M--)
              Add  this  digit to the argument already accumulat-
              ing, or start a new argument.  M-- starts  a  nega-
              tive argument.
       universal-argument
              This  is  another  way  to specify an argument.  If
              this command is followed by  one  or  more  digits,
              optionally  with a leading minus sign, those digits
              define the argument.  If the command is followed by
              digits, executing universal-argument again ends the
              numeric argument, but is otherwise ignored.   As  a
              special  case,  if this command is immediately fol-
              lowed by a character that is  neither  a  digit  or
              minus sign, the argument count for the next command
              is multiplied by four.  The argument count is  ini-
              tially  one,  so  executing this function the first
              time makes the argument count four, a  second  time
              makes the argument count sixteen, and so on.

   Completing
       complete (TAB)
              Attempt  to  perform  completion on the text before
              point.  The actual completion performed is applica-
              tion-specific.   Bash,  for instance, attempts com-
              pletion treating the text as  a  variable  (if  the
              text  begins  with $), username (if the text begins
              with ~), hostname (if the text begins with  @),  or
              command  (including aliases and functions) in turn.
              If none of these produces a match, filename comple-
              tion  is attempted.  Gdb, on the other hand, allows
              completion of program functions and variables,  and
              only  attempts  filename  completion  under certain
              circumstances.
       possible-completions (M-?)
              List the possible completions of  the  text  before
              point.
       insert-completions (M-*)
              Insert  all  completions  of  the text before point
              that would have been generated by  possible-comple-
              tions.
       menu-complete
              Similar  to  complete,  but replaces the word to be
              completed with a single match from the list of pos-
              sible completions.  Repeated execution of menu-com-
              plete steps through the list  of  possible  comple-
              tions, inserting each match in turn.  At the end of
              the list of completions, the bell is rung  and  the
              original  text is restored.  An argument of n moves
              n positions forward in the list of matches; a nega-
              tive  argument may be used to move backward through
              the list.  This command is intended to be bound  to
              TAB, but is unbound by default.

   Keyboard Macros
       start-kbd-macro (C-x ()
              Begin  saving the characters typed into the current
              keyboard macro.
       end-kbd-macro (C-x ))
              Stop saving the characters typed into  the  current
              keyboard macro and store the definition.
       call-last-kbd-macro (C-x e)
              Re-execute the last keyboard macro defined, by mak-
              ing the characters in the macro appear as if  typed
              at the keyboard.

   Miscellaneous
       re-read-init-file (C-x C-r)
              Read  in  the  contents  of  the  inputrc file, and
              incorporate any bindings  or  variable  assignments
              found there.
       abort (C-g)
              Abort the current editing command and ring the ter-
              minal's   bell   (subject   to   the   setting   of
              bell-style).
       do-uppercase-version (M-a, M-b, M-x, ...)
              If  the  metafied character x is lowercase, run the
              command that is bound to the  corresponding  upper-
              case character.
       prefix-meta (ESC)
              Metafy  the next character typed.  ESC f is equiva-
              lent to Meta-f.
       undo (C-_, C-x C-u)
              Incremental undo, separately  remembered  for  each
              line.
       revert-line (M-r)
              Undo  all  changes made to this line.  This is like
              executing the undo command enough times  to  return
              the line to its initial state.
       tilde-expand (M-~)
              Perform tilde expansion on the current word.
       set-mark (C-@, M-<space>)
              Set  the  mark  to the current point.  If a numeric
              argument is supplied, the mark is set to that posi-
              tion.
       exchange-point-and-mark (C-x C-x)
              Swap  the  point with the mark.  The current cursor
              position is set to the saved position, and the  old
              cursor position is saved as the mark.
       character-search (C-])
              A  character is read and point is moved to the next
              occurrence of that  character.   A  negative  count
              searches for previous occurrences.
       character-search-backward (M-C-])
              A  character is read and point is moved to the pre-
              vious occurrence of  that  character.   A  negative
              count searches for subsequent occurrences.
       insert-comment (M-#)
              The value of the readline comment-begin variable is
              inserted at the beginning of the current line,  and
              the  line  is  accepted  as  if  a newline had been
              typed.  This makes the current line  a  shell  com-
              ment.
       dump-functions
              Print  all  of the functions and their key bindings
              to the readline output stream.  If a numeric  argu-
              ment is supplied, the output is formatted in such a
              way that it can be made part of an inputrc file.
       dump-variables
              Print all of the settable variables and their  val-
              ues  to  the  readline output stream.  If a numeric
              argument is supplied, the output  is  formatted  in
              such  a  way that it can be made part of an inputrc
              file.
       dump-macros
              Print all of the readline key  sequences  bound  to
              macros  and  the  strings they ouput.  If a numeric
              argument is supplied, the output  is  formatted  in
              such  a  way that it can be made part of an inputrc
              file.
       emacs-editing-mode (C-e)
              When in vi editing mode, this causes  a  switch  to
              emacs editing mode.
       vi-editing-mode (M-C-j)
              When in emacs editing mode, this causes a switch to
              vi editing mode.

DEFAULT KEY BINDINGS
       The following is a list of the default emacs and vi  bind-
       ings.   Characters  with  the  8th  bit set are written as
       M-<character>, and are referred to as metafied characters.
       The  printable  ASCII characters not mentioned in the list
       of emacs standard bindings are bound  to  the  self-insert
       function,  which just inserts the given character into the
       input line.  In vi  insertion  mode,  all  characters  not
       specifically  mentioned are bound to self-insert.  Charac-
       ters assigned to signal generation by stty(1) or the  ter-
       minal  driver,  such  as C-Z or C-C, retain that function.
       Upper and lower case metafied characters are bound to  the
       same  function in the emacs mode meta keymap.  The remain-
       ing characters are unbound, which causes readline to  ring
       the  bell  (subject to the setting of the bell-style vari-
       able).

   Emacs Mode
             Emacs Standard bindings

             "C-@"  set-mark
             "C-A"  beginning-of-line
             "C-B"  backward-char
             "C-D"  delete-char
             "C-E"  end-of-line
             "C-F"  forward-char
             "C-G"  abort
             "C-H"  backward-delete-char
             "C-I"  complete
             "C-J"  accept-line
             "C-K"  kill-line
             "C-L"  clear-screen
             "C-M"  accept-line
             "C-N"  next-history
             "C-P"  previous-history
             "C-Q"  quoted-insert
             "C-R"  reverse-search-history
             "C-S"  forward-search-history
             "C-T"  transpose-chars
             "C-U"  unix-line-discard
             "C-V"  quoted-insert
             "C-W"  unix-word-rubout
             "C-Y"  yank
             "C-]"  character-search
             "C-_"  undo
             " " to "/"  self-insert
             "0"  to "9"  self-insert
             ":"  to "~"  self-insert
             "C-?"  backward-delete-char

             Emacs Meta bindings

             "M-C-G"  abort
             "M-C-H"  backward-kill-word
             "M-C-I"  tab-insert
             "M-C-J"  vi-editing-mode
             "M-C-M"  vi-editing-mode
             "M-C-R"  revert-line
             "M-C-Y"  yank-nth-arg
             "M-C-["  complete
             "M-C-]"  character-search-backward
             "M-space"  set-mark
             "M-#"  insert-comment
             "M-&"  tilde-expand
             "M-*"  insert-completions
             "M--"  digit-argument
             "M-."  yank-last-arg
             "M-0"  digit-argument
             "M-1"  digit-argument
             "M-2"  digit-argument
             "M-3"  digit-argument
             "M-4"  digit-argument
             "M-5"  digit-argument
             "M-6"  digit-argument
             "M-7"  digit-argument
             "M-8"  digit-argument
             "M-9"  digit-argument
             "M-<"  beginning-of-history
             "M-="  possible-completions
             "M->"  end-of-history
             "M-?"  possible-completions
             "M-B"  backward-word
             "M-C"  capitalize-word
             "M-D"  kill-word
             "M-F"  forward-word
             "M-L"  downcase-word
             "M-N"  non-incremental-forward-search-history
             "M-P"  non-incremental-reverse-search-history
             "M-R"  revert-line
             "M-T"  transpose-words
             "M-U"  upcase-word
             "M-Y"  yank-pop
             "M-\"  delete-horizontal-space
             "M-~"  tilde-expand
             "M-C-?"  backward-delete-word
             "M-_"  yank-last-arg

             Emacs Control-X bindings

             "C-XC-G"  abort
             "C-XC-R"  re-read-init-file
             "C-XC-U"  undo
             "C-XC-X"  exchange-point-and-mark
             "C-X("  start-kbd-macro
             "C-X)"  end-kbd-macro
             "C-XE"  call-last-kbd-macro
             "C-XC-?"  backward-kill-line

   VI Mode bindings
             VI Insert Mode functions

             "C-D"  vi-eof-maybe
             "C-H"  backward-delete-char
             "C-I"  complete
             "C-J"  accept-line
             "C-M"  accept-line
             "C-R"  reverse-search-history
             "C-S"  forward-search-history
             "C-T"  transpose-chars
             "C-U"  unix-line-discard
             "C-V"  quoted-insert
             "C-W"  unix-word-rubout
             "C-Y"  yank
             "C-["  vi-movement-mode
             "C-_"  undo
             " " to "~"  self-insert
             "C-?"  backward-delete-char

             VI Command Mode functions

             "C-D"  vi-eof-maybe
             "C-E"  emacs-editing-mode
             "C-G"  abort
             "C-H"  backward-char
             "C-J"  accept-line
             "C-K"  kill-line
             "C-L"  clear-screen
             "C-M"  accept-line
             "C-N"  next-history
             "C-P"  previous-history
             "C-Q"  quoted-insert
             "C-R"  reverse-search-history
             "C-S"  forward-search-history
             "C-T"  transpose-chars
             "C-U"  unix-line-discard
             "C-V"  quoted-insert
             "C-W"  unix-word-rubout
             "C-Y"  yank
             " "  forward-char
             "#"  insert-comment
             "$"  end-of-line
             "%"  vi-match
             "&"  vi-tilde-expand
             "*"  vi-complete
             "+"  next-history
             ","  vi-char-search
             "-"  previous-history
             "."  vi-redo
             "/"  vi-search
             "0"  beginning-of-line
             "1" to "9"  vi-arg-digit
             ";"  vi-char-search
             "="  vi-complete
             "?"  vi-search
             "A"  vi-append-eol
             "B"  vi-prev-word
             "C"  vi-change-to
             "D"  vi-delete-to
             "E"  vi-end-word
             "F"  vi-char-search
             "G"  vi-fetch-history
             "I"  vi-insert-beg
             "N"  vi-search-again
             "P"  vi-put
             "R"  vi-replace
             "S"  vi-subst
             "T"  vi-char-search
             "U"  revert-line
             "W"  vi-next-word
             "X"  backward-delete-char
             "Y"  vi-yank-to
             "\"  vi-complete
             "^"  vi-first-print
             "_"  vi-yank-arg
             "`"  vi-goto-mark
             "a"  vi-append-mode
             "b"  vi-prev-word
             "c"  vi-change-to
             "d"  vi-delete-to
             "e"  vi-end-word
             "f"  vi-char-search
             "h"  backward-char
             "i"  vi-insertion-mode
             "j"  next-history
             "k"  prev-history
             "l"  forward-char
             "m"  vi-set-mark
             "n"  vi-search-again
             "p"  vi-put
             "r"  vi-change-char
             "s"  vi-subst
             "t"  vi-char-search
             "u"  undo
             "w"  vi-next-word
             "x"  vi-delete
             "y"  vi-yank-to
             "|"  vi-column
             "~"  vi-change-case

SEE ALSO
       The Gnu Readline Library, Brian Fox and Chet Ramey
       The Gnu History Library, Brian Fox and Chet Ramey
       bash(1)

FILES
       ~/.inputrc
              Individual readline initialization file

AUTHORS
       Brian Fox, Free Software Foundation (primary author)
       bfox@ai.MIT.Edu

       Chet Ramey, Case Western Reserve University
       chet@ins.CWRU.Edu

BUG REPORTS
       If you find a bug in readline, you should report it.   But
       first,  you  should make sure that it really is a bug, and
       that it appears in the  latest  version  of  the  readline
       library that you have.

       Once  you have determined that a bug actually exists, mail
       a bug report to bug-readline@gnu.org.  If you have a  fix,
       you  are  welcome  to  mail that as well!  Suggestions and
       `philosophical' bug reports may  be  mailed  to  bug-read-
       line@gnu.org   or   posted   to   the   Usenet   newsgroup
       gnu.bash.bug.

       Comments and  bug  reports  concerning  this  manual  page
       should be directed to chet@ins.CWRU.Edu.

BUGS
       It's too big and too slow.

GNU                        1998 Feb 19                          1